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Taxon: Family Emberizidae Vigors, 1825 - buntings, American sparrows and allies (bird)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
   actualia - actual entities
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
       naturalia - natural bodies
         [crown] Clade Biota Wagner 2004 [Wiemann, de Queiroz, Rowe, Planavsky, Anderson, Gogarten, Turner & Gauthier 2020]
           Clade "neomura" Cavalier-Smith 1987
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
               Clade neokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 1993 - mitochondrial eukaryotes
                 Clade neozoa Cavalier-Smith 1993
                   Clade scotokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 2000
                     Clade podiates Cavalier-Smith 2012
                       [crown] Clade Amorphea Adl et al. 2012
                         [crown] Clade Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith 1987
                           Superkingdom Holozoa Lang, O'Kelly, Nerad, Gray & Burger, 2002
                             Clade filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith 2008
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                                 Clade Planulozoa Wallberg, Thollesson, Farris & Jondelius 2004
                                   Subkingdom Bilateria Hatschek, 1888 - bilaterians
                                     Clade Nephrozoa Jondelius, Ruiz-Trillo, Baguñà & Riutort 2002
                                       Infrakingdom Deuterostomia Grobben, 1908
                                         Phylum Chordata Bateson, 1885 - chordates
                                           Subphylum Vertebrata Cuvier, 1812 - vertebrates
                                             Myopterygii - myopterygians
                                               Superclass Gnathostomata Gegenbaur, 1874 - jawed vertebrates
                                                 Grade Teleostomi Bonaparte, 1836
                                                   Euteleostomi - bony vertebrates
                                                     Clade Sarcopterygii Romer, 1955
                                                       [crown] Rhipidistia Cope, 1887
                                                         Clade Tetrapodomorpha Ahlberg, 1991
                                                           Clade Osteolepidimorpha
                                                             Clade Tetrapoda Goodrich, 1930
                                                               [crown] Clade Neotetrapoda
                                                                 Clade Reptiliomorpha Säve-Söderbergh, 1934
                                                                   Batrachosauria
                                                                     Clade Amniota Haeckel, 1866 - amniotes
                                                                       Class Reptilia Linnaeus, 1758 - reptiles
                                                                         Eureptilia Olson, 1947
                                                                           Romeriida Gauthier, Kluge & Rowe, 1988
                                                                             Clade Diapsida Osborn 1903 [Laurin 1991]
                                                                               Clade Neodiapsida Benton 1985 [Laurin 1991] {Reisz, Modesto & Scott 2011}
                                                                                 [crown] Clade Sauria McCartney 1802 [Gauthier, Kluge & Rowe 1988]
                                                                                   Clade Archosauromorpha Huene 1946 [Gauthier, Kluge & Rowe 1988] {Laurin 1991}
                                                                                     Clade Archosauria Cope 1869 [Gauthier & Padian 1985]
                                                                                       Avesuchia Benton, 1999
                                                                                         Clade Avemetatarsalia Benton 1999
                                                                                           Clade Ornithodira Gauthier 1986
                                                                                             Clade Dinosauromorpha Benton 1985
                                                                                               Clade Dinosauriformes Novas 1992
                                                                                                 Clade Dinosauria Owen 1841
                                                                                                   Clade Saurischia Seeley 1887 [Gauthier 1986]
                                                                                                     Clade Theropoda Marsh 1881 [Gauthier 1986]
                                                                                                       Clade Neotheropoda Bakker 1986 [Sereno 1998]
                                                                                                         Clade Averostra Paul 2002
                                                                                                           Clade Tetanurae Gauthier 1986
                                                                                                             Clade Orionides Carrano, Benson & Sampson 2012
                                                                                                               Clade Avetheropoda Paul 1988 [Padian et al. 1999]
                                                                                                                 Clade Coelurosauria Huene 1914 [Gauthier 1986]
                                                                                                                   Clade Tyrannoraptora Sereno 1999, nom. cl. inval.
                                                                                                                     Clade Maniraptoriformes Holtz 1995 [Holtz 1996]
                                                                                                                       Clade Maniraptora Gauthier 1986
                                                                                                                         Clade Pennaraptora Foth et al. 2014
                                                                                                                           Clade Paraves Sereno 1997 [Sereno 1998]
                                                                                                                             Clade Avialae Gauthier 1986
                                                                                                                               Subclass Aves Linnaeus, 1758
                                                                                                                                 Clade Pygostylia Chatterjee 1997 [Chiappe 2001]
                                                                                                                                   Clade Ornithothoraces Chiappe 1995
                                                                                                                                     Clade Ornithuromorpha Chiappe 2001
                                                                                                                                       Clade Ornithurae Haeckel 1866 [Gauthier 1986] {Chiappe 1991}
                                                                                                                                         Clade Carinatae Merrem 1813 [Gauthier & de Queiroz 2001]
                                                                                                                                           [crown] Clade Neornithes Gadow, 1893 - living birds
                                                                                                                                             Cohort Neognathae Pycraft, 1900
                                                                                                                                               Subcohort Neoaves Sibley et al., 1988
                                                                                                                                                 Division Terrestrornithes B.C. Livezey & R.L. Zusi, 2007
                                                                                                                                                   Subdivision Dendrornithes Verheyen, 1961
                                                                                                                                                     Section Anomalogonates Garrod, 1874
                                                                                                                                                       Subsection Pico-clamatores B.C. Livezey & R.L. Zusi, 2007
                                                                                                                                                         Superorder Passerimorphae Sibley et al., 1988
                                                                                                                                                           Order Passeriformes Linnaeus, 1758
                                                                                                                                                             Suborder Passeres (C. Linnaeus, 1758) C. Linnaeus, 1766
                                                                                                                                                               Parvorder Passerida (C. Linnaeus, 1758) Sibley et al., 1988
                                                                                                                                                                 Superfamily Passeroidea
                                                                                                                                                                   Family Emberizidae Vigors, 1825 - buntings, American sparrows and allies
                                                                                                                                                                     [Subfamily Geospizinae]
                                                                                                                                                                     1.01 Genus Melophus Swainson, 1837 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     1.02 Genus Latoucheornis Bangs, 1931 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     1.03 Genus Emberiza Linnaeus, 1758
                                                                                                                                                                     1.04 Genus Calcarius Bechstein, 1802
                                                                                                                                                                     1.05 Genus Plectrophenax Stejneger, 1882
                                                                                                                                                                     1.06 Genus Calamospiza Bonaparte, 1838 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     1.07 Genus Passerella Swainson, 1837
                                                                                                                                                                     1.08 Genus Melospiza S.F. Baird, 1858
                                                                                                                                                                     1.09 Genus Zonotrichia Swainson, 1832
                                                                                                                                                                     1.10 Genus Junco Wagler, 1831
                                                                                                                                                                     1.11.1 Genus Passerculus Bonaparte, 1838
                                                                                                                                                                     1.11.2 Genus Ammodramus Swainson, 1827
                                                                                                                                                                     1.12 Genus Xenospiza Bangs, 1931 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     1.13 Genus Myospiza Ridgway, 1898
                                                                                                                                                                     1.14 Genus Spizella Bonaparte, 1831
                                                                                                                                                                     1.15 Genus Pooecetes S.F. Baird, 1858
                                                                                                                                                                     1.16 Genus Chondestes Swainson, 1827
                                                                                                                                                                     1.17 Genus Amphispiza Coues, 1874[1875]
                                                                                                                                                                     1.18 Genus Aimophila Swainson, 1837
                                                                                                                                                                     1.19 Genus Torreornis Barbour & Peters, 1927 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     1.20 Genus Oriturus Bonaparte, 1850 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     2 Genus Porphyrospiza Sclater & Salvin, 1873 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.01 Genus Phrygilus Cabanis, 1844
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.02 Genus Melanodera Bonaparte, 1850
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.03 Genus Haplospiza Cabanis, 1851
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.04 Genus Acanthidops Ridgway, 1882 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.05 Genus Lophospingus Cabanis, 1878
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.06 Genus Donacospiza Cabanis, in Cabanis & Heine, 1850-1851[1851] [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.07 Genus Rowettia P.R. Lowe, 1923 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.08 Genus Nesospiza Cabanis, 1873
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.09 Genus Diuca Reichenbach, 1850
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.10 Genus Idiopsar Cassin, 1866 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.11 Genus Piezorhina Lafresnaye, 1843 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.12 Genus Xenospingus Cabanis, 1867 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.13 Genus Incaspiza Ridgway, 1898
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.14 Genus Poospiza Cabanis, 1847
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.15 Genus Sicalis Boie, 1828
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.16 Genus Emberizoides Temminck, 1822
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.17 Genus Embernagra Lesson, 1831
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.18 Genus Volatinia Reichenbach, 1850 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.19 Genus Sporophila Cabanis, 1844
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.20 Genus Oryzoborus Cabanis, 1851
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.21 Genus Amaurospiza Cabanis, 1861
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.22 Genus "Melopyrrha" Bonaparte, 1853, nom. nud. [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.23 Genus Dolospingus Elliot, 1871 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.24 Genus Catamenia Bonaparte, 1850
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.25 Genus Tiaris Swainson, 1827
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.26 Genus Loxipasser H. Bryant, 1866 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     3.1.27 Genus Loxigilla Lesson, 1831
                                                                                                                                                                     3.2 Genus Euneornis Fitzinger, 1856 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     3.3.1 Genus Melanospiza Ridgway, 1897 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     3.3.2 Genus Geospiza Gould, 1837
                                                                                                                                                                     3.3.3 Genus Camarhynchus Gould, 1837
                                                                                                                                                                     3.3.4 Genus Certhidea Gould, 1837 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     3.3.5 Genus Pinaroloxias Sharpe, 1885 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     4.1 Genus Pipilo Vieillot, 1816
                                                                                                                                                                     4.2 Genus Melozone Reichenbach, 1850
                                                                                                                                                                     4.3 Genus Arremonops Ridgway, 1896
                                                                                                                                                                     4.4 Genus Arremon Vieillot, 1816
                                                                                                                                                                     4.5 Genus Buarremon Bonaparte, 1850
                                                                                                                                                                     5 Genus Oreothraupis P.L. Sclater, 1856 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     6.1 Genus Pezopetes Cabanis, 1861 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     6.2 Genus Lysurus Ridgway, 1898
                                                                                                                                                                     6.3 Genus Atlapetes Wagler, 1831
                                                                                                                                                                     6.4 Genus Pselliophorus Ridgway, 1898
                                                                                                                                                                     7 Genus Urothraupis Taczanowski & Berlepsch, 1885 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     8.1 Genus Charitospiza Oberholser, 1905 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     8.2 Genus Saltatricula Burmeister, 1861 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     8.3 Genus Coryphaspiza G.R. Gray, 1840 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     8.4 Genus Coryphospingus Cabanis, in Cabanis & Heine, 1850-1851[1851]
                                                                                                                                                                     8.5 Genus Rhodospingus Sharpe, 1888 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     9.1 Genus Gubernatrix Lesson, 1837 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                     9.2 Genus Paroaria Bonaparte, 1832
                                                                                                                                                                     n.0 [Subfamily Emberizinae] see Family Emberizidae Vigors, 1825
                                                                                                                                                                     n.1 [Subfamily Thraupinae] see Family Thraupidae Cabanis, 1847
                                                                                                                                                                     n.2 [Subfamily Cardinalinae] see Family Cardinalidae Ridgway, 1901

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Last updated: 4 Aug 2022