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Taxon: Genus Symphurus Rafinesque, 1810 - tonguefish (fish)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
   actualia - actual entities
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
       naturalia - natural bodies
         Biota
           "neomura"
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
               "neokaryotes" - mitochondrial eukaryotes
                 "neozoa"
                   "scotokaryotes" Cavalier-Smith, 1999
                     "podiates" Cavalier-Smith, 2013
                       Amorphea Adl et al., 2012
                         Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith, 1987
                           Holozoa Lang, O'Kelly, Nerad, Gray & Burger, 2002
                             filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith, 2008
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                                 Epitheliozoa Ax, 1996
                                   Eumetazoa Bütschli, 1910 - eumetazoans
                                     Bilateria Hatschek, 1888 - bilaterians
                                       Superphylum Deuterostomia Grobben, 1908 - deuterostomes
                                         [crown] Phylum Chordata Bateson, 1885 - chordates
                                           Subphylum Vertebrata Cuvier, 1812 - vertebrates
                                             [crown] Myopterygii - myopterygians
                                               Superclass Gnathostomata Zittel, 1879 - jawed vertebrates
                                                 Grade Teleostomi Bonaparte, 1836
                                                   Euteleostomi - bony vertebrates
                                                     Class Actinopterygii Woodward, 1891 - ray-finned fishes
                                                       [crown] Actinopteri Cope, 1871
                                                         Subclass Neopterygii Regan, 1923
                                                           Infraclass Teleostei Müller, 1845
                                                             Supercohort Teleocephala de Pinna, 1996
                                                               Clupeocephala
                                                                 Cohort Euteleosteomorpha (Greenwood et al., 1966)
                                                                   Subcohort Neoteleostei Nelson, 1969
                                                                     Infracohort Eurypterygia (Rosen, 1973)
                                                                       Section Ctenosquamata Rosen, 1973
                                                                         Subsection Acanthomorphata (Rosen, 1973)
                                                                           Euacanthomorpha (Johnson & Patterson, 1993)
                                                                             Holacanthopterygii Johnson & Patterson, 1993
                                                                               Acanthopterygii Rosen & Patterson, 1969
                                                                                 Euacanthopterygii
                                                                                   Division Percomorphacea Wiley & Johnson, 2010
                                                                                     Order Pleuronectiformes Bleeker, 1859, incertae sedis - flatfishes
                                                                                       Suborder Pleuronectoidei
                                                                                         Superfamily Soleoidea Gilbert, 1905
                                                                                           Family Cynoglossidae - tonguefishes
                                                                                             Subfamily Symphurinae [monotypic]
                                                                                               Genus Symphurus Rafinesque, 1810 - tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus arawak Robins & Randall, 1965 - Caribbean tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus atramentatus Jordan & Bollman, 1890 - inkspot tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus atricaudus (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880) - California tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus australis McCulloch, 1907
                                                                                                 Symphurus bathyspilus Krabbenhoft & Munroe, 2003
                                                                                                 Symphurus billykrietei Munroe, 1998 - Kriete's tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus callopterus Munroe & Mahadeva, 1989 - chocolate tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus caribbeanus Munroe, 1991
                                                                                                 Symphurus chabanaudi Mahadeva & Munroe, 1990 - Chabanaud's tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus civitatium Ginsburg, 1951 - offshore tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus diabolicus Mahadeva & Munroe, 1990 - devil's tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus diomedeanus (Goode & Bean, 1885) - spottedfin tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus elongatus (Günther, 1868) - elongate tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus fasciolaris Gilbert, 1892 - banded tongue-fish
                                                                                                 Symphurus fuscus Brauer, 1906
                                                                                                 Symphurus gilesii (Alcock, 1889)
                                                                                                 Symphurus ginsburgi Menezes & Benvegnú, 1976
                                                                                                 Symphurus gorgonae Chabanaud, 1948 - Gorgonian tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus hondoensis Hubbs, 1915
                                                                                                 Symphurus insularis Munroe, Brito & Hernández, 2000
                                                                                                 Symphurus jenynsi Evermann & Kendall, 1907
                                                                                                 Symphurus kyaropterygium Menezes & Benvegnú, 1976
                                                                                                 Symphurus leei Jordan & Bollman, 1890 - Lee's tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus ligulatus (Cocco, 1844) - elongate tonguesole
                                                                                                 Symphurus lubbocki Munroe, 1990
                                                                                                 Symphurus luzonensis Chabanaud, 1955
                                                                                                 Symphurus macrophthalmus Norman, 1939
                                                                                                 Symphurus maldivensis Chabanaud, 1955
                                                                                                 Symphurus marginatus (Goode & Bean, 1886)
                                                                                                 Symphurus marmoratus Fowler, 1934
                                                                                                 Symphurus melanurus Clark, 1936 - drab tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus melasmatotheca Munroe & Nizinski, 1990 - blackstripe tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus microlepis Garman, 1899 - smallfin tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus microrhynchus (Weber, 1913)
                                                                                                 Symphurus minor Ginsburg, 1951 - largescale tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus nebulosus (Goode & Bean, 1883) - freckled tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus nigrescens Rafinesque, 1810 - tonguesole
                                                                                                 Symphurus normani Chabanaud, 1950 - Norman's tonguesole
                                                                                                 Symphurus novemfasciatus Shen & Lin, 1984
                                                                                                 Symphurus ocellatus von Bonde, 1922 - double-spot tonguesole
                                                                                                 Symphurus oculellus Munroe, 1991
                                                                                                 Symphurus oligomerus Mahadeva & Munroe, 1990 - spotfin tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus ommaspilus Böhlke, 1961 - ocellated tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus orientalis (Bleeker, 1879)
                                                                                                 Symphurus parvus Ginsburg, 1951 - pygmy tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus pelicanus Ginsburg, 1951 - longtail tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus piger (Goode & Bean, 1886) - deepwater tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus plagiusa (C. Linnaeus, 1766) - blackcheek tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus plagusia (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) - duskycheek tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus prolatinaris Munroe, Nizinski & Mahadeva, 1991 - halfstriped tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus pusillus (Goode & Bean, 1885) - northern tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus regani Weber & de Beaufort, 1929
                                                                                                 Symphurus reticulatus Munroe, 1990
                                                                                                 Symphurus rhytisma Böhlke, 1961 - patchtail tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus schultzi Chabanaud, 1955
                                                                                                 Symphurus septemstriatus (Alcock, 1891) - sevenband tonguesole
                                                                                                 Symphurus stigmosus Munroe, 1998 - blotchfin tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus strictus Gilbert, 1905 - blackbelly tonguesole
                                                                                                 Symphurus tessellatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
                                                                                                 Symphurus trewavasae Chabanaud, 1948
                                                                                                 Symphurus trifasciatus (Alcock, 1894) - threeband tonguesole
                                                                                                 Symphurus undatus Gilbert, 1905
                                                                                                 Symphurus undecimplerus Munroe & Nizinski, 1990 - dark cheek tongue
                                                                                                 Symphurus urospilus Ginsburg, 1951 - spottail tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus vanmelleae Chabanaud, 1952
                                                                                                 Symphurus variegatus (Gilchrist, 1903)
                                                                                                 Symphurus varius Garman, 1899 - mottled tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus williamsi Jordan & Culver, 1895 - William's tonguefish
                                                                                                 Symphurus woodmasoni (Alcock, 1889)

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Last updated: 2 Apr 2018