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Taxon: Family Testudinidae Batsch, 1788 - tortoises (reptile)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
   actualia - actual entities
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
       naturalia - natural bodies
         Biota
           "neomura"
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
               "neokaryotes" - mitochondrial eukaryotes
                 "neozoa"
                   "scotokaryotes" Cavalier-Smith, 1999
                     "podiates" Cavalier-Smith, 2013
                       Amorphea Adl et al., 2012
                         Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith, 1987
                           Holozoa Lang, O'Kelly, Nerad, Gray & Burger, 2002
                             filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith, 2008
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                                 Planulozoa Wallberg, Thollesson, Farris & Jondelius 2004 [nom. cl. nov.]
                                   Subkingdom Bilateria Hatschek, 1888 - bilaterians
                                     Nephrozoa Jondelius, Ruiz-Trillo, Baguñà & Riutort 2002 [nom. cl. nov.]
                                       Infrakingdom Deuterostomia Grobben, 1908
                                         Phylum Chordata Bateson, 1885 - chordates
                                           Subphylum Vertebrata Cuvier, 1812 - vertebrates
                                             [crown] Myopterygii - myopterygians
                                               Superclass Gnathostomata Zittel, 1879 - jawed vertebrates
                                                 Grade Teleostomi Bonaparte, 1836
                                                   Euteleostomi - bony vertebrates
                                                     Sarcopterygii Romer, 1955
                                                       Rhipidistia Cope, 1887
                                                         Tetrapodomorpha Ahlberg, 1991
                                                           Osteolepidimorpha
                                                             Tetrapoda Goodrich, 1930
                                                               Reptiliomorpha Säve-Söderbergh, 1934
                                                                 Batrachosauria
                                                                   Amniota Haeckel, 1866 - amniotes
                                                                     Class Reptilia Linnaeus, 1758 - reptiles
                                                                       Eureptilia Olson, 1947
                                                                         Romeriida Gauthier, Kluge & Rowe, 1988
                                                                           Diapsida Osborn 1903 [Laurin 1991]
                                                                             Neodiapsida Benton 1985 [Laurin 1991] {Reisz, Modesto & Scott 2011}
                                                                               [crown] Sauria McCartney 1802 [Gauthier, Kluge & Rowe 1988]
                                                                                 Subclass Testudinata Oppel, 1811 [monotypic] - testudinates
                                                                                   [crown] Order Testudines Wagler, 1830 - turtles
                                                                                     Suborder Cryptodira Cope, 1868
                                                                                       Superfamily Testudinoidea Batsch, 1788
                                                                                         Family Testudinidae Batsch, 1788 - tortoises
                                                                                           01 Genus †Kansuchelys Yeh, 1963
                                                                                           02 Genus †Sinohadrianus Ping, 1929
                                                                                           03 Genus †Megalochelys Falconer & Cautley, 1837
                                                                                           04.1 Genus Aldabrachelys Loveridge & Williams, 1957 [monotypic]
                                                                                           04.2 Genus ‡Cylindraspis Fitzinger, 1835
                                                                                           05 Genus Chersina Gray, 1831 [monotypic]
                                                                                           06.1 Genus Geochelone Fitzinger, 1835
                                                                                           06.2 Genus Astrochelys Gray, 1873
                                                                                           06.3 Genus Centrochelys Gray, 1872 [monotypic]
                                                                                           06.4 Genus Chelonoidis Fitzinger, 1835
                                                                                           06.5 Genus Stigmochelys Gray, 1873 [monotypic]
                                                                                           07 Genus Homopus Duméril & Bibron, 1835
                                                                                           08 Genus Indotestudo Lindholm, 1929
                                                                                           09 Genus Kinixys Bell, 1827
                                                                                           10 Genus Malacochersus Lindholm, 1929 [monotypic]
                                                                                           11 Genus Manouria Gray, 1854
                                                                                           12 Genus Psammobates Fitzinger, 1835
                                                                                           13 Genus Pyxis Bell, 1827
                                                                                           14.1.1.1 Genus †Hesperotestudo
                                                                                           14.1.1.2 Genus †Stylemys Leidy, 1851
                                                                                           14.1.2 Genus Testudo Linnaeus, 1758
                                                                                           14.2.1 Genus †Oligopherus Hutchison, 1996 [monotypic]
                                                                                           14.2.2 Genus Gopherus Rafinesque, 1832

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Last updated: 15 Jul 2019