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Paraphyletic taxon: "lower heterobranchs" (mollusc)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
   actualia - actual entities
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
       naturalia - natural bodies
         [crown] Clade Biota Wagner 2004 [Wiemann, de Queiroz, Rowe, Planavsky, Anderson, Gogarten, Turner & Gauthier 2020]
           Clade "neomura" Cavalier-Smith 1987
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
               Clade neokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 1993 - mitochondrial eukaryotes
                 Clade neozoa Cavalier-Smith 1993
                   Clade scotokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 2000
                     Clade podiates Cavalier-Smith 2012
                       [crown] Clade Amorphea Adl et al. 2012
                         [crown] Clade Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith 1987
                           Superkingdom Holozoa Lang, O'Kelly, Nerad, Gray & Burger, 2002
                             Clade filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith 2008
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                                 Clade Planulozoa Wallberg, Thollesson, Farris & Jondelius 2004
                                   Subkingdom Bilateria Hatschek, 1888 - bilaterians
                                     Clade Nephrozoa Jondelius, Ruiz-Trillo, Baguñà & Riutort 2002
                                       Infrakingdom Protostomia Grobben, 1908
                                         Superphylum Spiralia Schleip, 1929
                                           Clade Platytrochozoa Struck, Wey-Fabrizius, Golombek, Hering, Weigert, Bleidorn, Klebow, Iakovenko, Hausdorf, Petersen, Kück, Herlyn & Hankeln 2014
                                             Clade Lophotrochozoa Halanych, Bacheller, Aguinaldo, Liva, Hillis & Lake 1995 - lophotrochozoans
                                               Clade Trochozoa Beklemischev, 1944 - trochozoans
                                                 Clade Tetraneuralia Wanninger 2009
                                                   Phylum Mollusca Linnaeus, 1758 - molluscs
                                                     Subphylum Conchifera Gegenbauer, 1878
                                                       Ganglioneura Rudophi, 1812
                                                         Clade Pleistomollusca Kocot, Cannon, Todt, Citarella, Kohn, Meyer, Santos, Schander, Moroz, Lieb & Halanych 2011
                                                           Class Gastropoda Cuvier, 1795 - snails and slugs
                                                             Subclass Orthogastropoda Ponder & Lindberg, 1995
                                                               Apogastropoda Salvini-Plawen & Haszprunar, 1987
                                                                 Superorder Heterobranchia Burmeister, 1837
                                                                   "lower heterobranchs" [paraphyletic]
                                                                     01 Family †Dolomitellidae Bandel, 1994, incertae sedis
                                                                     02 Family †Heterosubulitidae Bandel, 2002, incertae sedis
                                                                     03 Family †Kuskokwimiidae Frýda & Blodgett, 2001, incertae sedis
                                                                     04 Family †Misurinellidae Bandel, 1994, incertae sedis
                                                                     05 Superfamily †Nerineoidea Zittel, 1873
                                                                     06 Superfamily †Streptacidoidea Knight, 1931
                                                                     07.1 Superfamily Architectonicoidea Gray, 1850
                                                                     07.2 Superfamily Mathildoidea Dall, 1889
                                                                     08 Superfamily Omalogyroidea Sars, 1878 [monotypic]
                                                                     09.1 Family Cimidae Warén, 1993, incertae sedis
                                                                     09.2 Family Tjaernoeiidae Warén, 1991, incertae sedis [monotypic]
                                                                     10.1 Superfamily Valvatoidea Gray, 1840
                                                                     10.2 Family Orbitestellidae Iredale, 1917, incertae sedis
                                                                     10.3 Family Xylodisculidae Warén, 1992, incertae sedis [monotypic]
                                                                     11 Superfamily Ringiculoidea Philippi, 1853 [monotypic]
                                                                     12 Order Rhodopemorpha Salvini-Plawen, 1991 [monotypic]

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Last updated: 2 Jun 2023