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Reference: M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997
  • Details

Book

McKenna, M.C. & Bell, S.K. 1997. Classification of Mammals Above the Species Level. Columbia University Press, New York: i-xii, 1-631.

Author citations

  1. Musser, (G.G.), 1997. .
  2. Tedford, (R.H.), 1997. .
  3. Koopman, (K.F.), 1997. .
  4. McKenna, (M.C.), Bell, (S.K.) & Shoshani, (J.), 1997. .
  5. McKenna, (M.C.), Bell, (S.K.), Shoshani, (J.) & Tassy, (P.), 1997. .
  6. Shoshani, (J.), 1997. .

Keywords

Mammalia

New: Original name, rank & spelling

Anchilophidae (Family) McKenna & Bell, 1997Page: 476 ("new").
Echymiperinae (Subfamily) McKenna & Bell, 1997Page: 57 ("new").
Glossotheriini (Tribe) McKenna & Bell, 1997Page: 95 ("new").
Megatheria (Infraorder) McKenna & Bell, 1997Page: 96 ("new").
Mylodonta (Infraorder) McKenna & Bell, 1997Page: 93 ("new").
Parapedetidae (Family) McKenna & Bell, 1997Page: 185 ("new").
Proadiantini (Tribe) McKenna & Bell, 1997Page: 453 ("new").
Sciuravida (Suborder) McKenna & Bell, 1997Page: 186 ("new").
Selenida (Infraorder) McKenna & Bell, 1997Page: 473 ("new").
Thinobadistini (Tribe) McKenna & Bell, 1997Page: 95 ("new").
Uranotheria (Order) McKenna & Bell, 1997Page: 490 ("new").

New: Original clade name & spelling

Megatheria (Clade) McKenna & Bell 1997Page: 96 (note 1).
Mylodonta (Clade) McKenna & Bell 1997Page: 93 (note 1).
Sciuravida (Clade) McKenna & Bell 1997Page: 186 (note 1).
Selenida (Clade) McKenna & Bell 1997Page: 473 (note 1).
Uranotheria (Clade) McKenna & Bell 1997Page: 490 (note 1).

New: Subsequent name (orig. rank & spell.)

Carolopaulacoutoia (Genus) McKenna & Bell, 1997Page: 73 ("new name").

New: Subsequent rank (orig. spell.)

Aceratheriina (Subtribe) Dollo, 1885Page: 482 ("Dollo, 1885:295, new rank").
Acratocnina (Subtribe) Varona, 1974Page: 101 ("Varona, 1974:49, new rank").
Acreodi (Suborder) Matthew, 1909Page: 366 ("Matthew, 1909:327, new rank").
Adelomyarionini (Tribe) Ünay-Bayraktar, 1989Page: 139 ("Ünay-Bayraktar, 1989:48, new rank").
Adianthini (Tribe) Ameghino, 1891Page: 453 ("Ameghino, 1891:134, new rank").
Aegialodontia (Supercohort) Butler, 1978Page: 48 ("Butler, 1978:1, new rank").
Altungulata (Mirorder) Prothero & Schoch, 1989Page: 468 ("Prothero & Schoch, 1989:510, new rank").
Amebelodontina (Subtribe) Barbour, 1927Page: 501 ("Barbour, 1927:131, new rank").
Amebelodontini (Tribe) Barbour, 1927Page: 501 ("Barbour, 1927: 131, new rank").
Ameridelphia (Magnorder) Szalay, 1982Page: 67 ("Szalay, in Archer, ed., 1982:623, new rank").
Amphicyonoidea (Superfamily) Haeckel, 1866Page: 247 ("Haeckel, 1866:clix, new rank").
Amphilemurinae (Subfamily) Hill, 1953Page: 275 ("Hill, 1953:491, new rank").
Anthropoidea (Parvorder) Mivart, 1864Page: 340 ("Mivart, 1864:635, new rank").
Apatemyinae (Subfamily) Matthew, 1909Page: 212 ("Matthew, 1909:543, new rank").
Archaeoceti (Infraorder) Flower, 1883Page: 368 ("Flower, 1883:182, new rank").
Arctostylopini (Tribe) Schlosser, 1923Page: 365 ("Schlosser, 1923:614, new rank").
Arsinoitheriinae (Subfamily) Andrews, 1904Page: 492 ("Andrews, 1904:160, new rank").
Australidelphia (Magnorder) Szalay, 1982Page: 53 ("Szalay, in Archer, ed., 1982:629, new rank").
Barbourofelinae (Subfamily) Schultz, Schultz & Martin, 1970Page: 229 ("C. B. Schultz, M. R. Schultz & L. D. Martin, 1970:2, new rank").
Bathyergomorphi (Parvorder) Tullberg, 1899Page: 195 ("Tullberg, 1899:71, new rank").
Boffiini (Tribe) Hahn & Hahn, 1983Page: 40 ("Hahn & Hahn, 1983:101, new rank").
Bunomerycini (Tribe) Gentry & Hooker, 1988Page: 401 ("Gentry & Hooker, in Benton, ed., 1988:266, new rank").
Cadurcotheriina (Subtribe) Kretzoi, 1942Page: 486 ("Kretzoi, 1942:144, new rank").
Cadurcotheriini (Tribe) Kretzoi, 1942Page: 486 ("Kretzoi, 1942:144, new rank").
Caenopina (Subtribe) Cope, 1887Page: 481 ("Cope, 1887:992, new rank").
Callicebini (Tribe) Pocock, 1925Page: 354 ("Pocock, 1925, new rank").
Callitrichoidea (Superfamily) Gray, 1821Page: 351 ("Gray, 1821:298, new rank").
Carolliini (Tribe) Miller, 1924Page: 311 ("Miller, 1924:53, new rank").
Carpolestoidea (Superfamily) Simpson, 1935Page: 336 ("Simpson, 1935:9, new rank").
Castorina (Subtribe) Batsch, 1788Page: 131 ("Hemprich, 1820:33, new rank").
Cetacea (Suborder) Brisson, 1762Page: 368 ("Brisson, 1762:3, 225, new rank").
Choloepodina (Subtribe) Gray, 1871Page: 102 ("Gray, 1871:430, new rank").
Chulsanbaatarinae (Subfamily) Kielan-Jaworowska, 1974Page: 38 ("Kielan-Jaworowska, 1974:38, new rank").
Colobini (Tribe) Blyth, 1875Page: 344 ("Blyth, 1875:9, new rank").
Cranioceratini (Tribe) Frick, 1937Page: 424 ("Frick, 1937:32, 75, new rank").
Ctenomyini (Tribe) Lesson, 1842Page: 204 ("Lesson, 1842:105, new rank").
Dasyuromorphia (Grandorder) Gill, 1872Page: 54 ("Gill, 1872:26, new rank").
Daubentonioidea (Superfamily) Gray, 1863Page: 329 ("Gray, 1863:151, new rank").
Desmostylia (Parvorder) Reinhart, 1953Page: 497 ("Reinhart, 1953:187, new rank").
Diceratheriina (Subtribe) Dollo, 1885Page: 482 ("Dollo, 1885:295, new rank").
Diceratheriini (Tribe) Dollo, 1885Page: 481 ("Dollo, 1885:295, new rank").
Dichobunini (Tribe) Turner, 1849Page: 400 ("Turner, 1849:158, new rank").
Dromomerycini (Tribe) Frick, 1937Page: 424 ("Frick, 1937:46, 99, new rank").
Duplicidentata (Mirorder) "Illiger, 1811"Page: 108 ("Illiger, 1811:91, new rank").
Ekgmowechashalini (Tribe) Szalay, 1976Page: 327 ("Szalay, 1976:349, new rank").
Elasmotherii (Infratribe) Bonaparte, 1845Page: 483 ("Bonaparte, 1845:4, new rank").
Embrithopoda (Suborder) Andrews, 1906Page: 492 ("Andrews, 1906:224, new rank").
Entoptychini (Tribe) Miller & Gidley, 1918Page: 182 ("Miller & Gidley, 1918:434, new rank").
Eocardiinae (Subfamily) Ameghino, 1891Page: 198 ("Ameghino, 1891:145, new rank").
Eometatheria (Superorder) Simpson, 1970Page: 53 ("Simpson, 1970:38, new rank").
Epitheria (Magnorder) McKenna, 1975Page: 102 ("McKenna, 1975:41, new rank").
Eschrichtiinae (Subfamily) Ellerman & Morrison-Scott, 1951Page: 378 ("Ellerman & Morrison-Scott, 1951:713, new rank").
Eucricetodontini (Tribe) Mein & Freudenthal, 1971Page: 137 ("Mein & Freudenthal, 1971:4, new rank").
Euhapsina (Subtribe) Martin, 1987Page: 131 ("L. D. Martin, 1987:80, new rank").
Euprimates (Suborder) Hoffstetter, 1978Page: 328 ("Hoffstetter, 1978:185, new rank").
Geomorpha (Infraorder) Thaler, 1966Page: 178 ("Thaler, 1966:11, new rank").
Glirimorpha (Infraorder) Thaler, 1966Page: 174 ("Thaler, 1966:11, 101, new rank").
Haplorhini (Infraorder) Pocock, 1918Page: 336 ("Pocock, 1918:19-53, new rank").
Haramiyoidea (Order) Hahn, 1973Page: 512 ("Hahn, 1973:3, new rank").
Harrymyini (Tribe) Wahlert, 1991Page: 183 ("Wahlert, 1991:3, new rank").
Heterocricetodontina (Subtribe) Ünay-Bayraktar, 1989Page: 138 ("Ünay-Bayraktar, 1989:60, new rank").
Holotheria (Infraclass) Wible, Rougier, Novacek, McKenna & Dashzeveg, 1995Page: 43 ("Wible, Rougier, Novacek, McKenna & Dashzeveg, 1995:10, 11, new rank").
Homacodontini (Tribe) Marsh, 1894Page: 401 ("Marsh, 1894:263, new rank").
Hoplophorini (Tribe) Huxley, 1864Page: 88 ("Huxley, 1864:31, new rank").
Hyperdichobunini (Tribe) Gentry & Hooker, 1988Page: 400 ("Gentry & Hooker, in Benton, ed., 1988:266, new rank").
Hyracoidea (Suborder) Huxley, 1869Page: 490 ("Huxley, 1869:101, new rank").
Lestodontinae (Subfamily) Ameghino, 1889Page: 95 ("Ameghino, 1889:665, new rank").
Lestodontini (Tribe) Ameghino, 1889Page: 95 ("Ameghino, 1889:665, new rank").
Lophocricetini (Tribe) Savinov, 1970Page: 132 ("Savinov, 1970:100, new rank").
Macroscelidea (Mirorder) Butler, 1956Page: 106 ("Butler, 1956:479, new rank").
Marsupialia (Cohort) Jameson, 1818Page: 51 ("Illiger, 1811:75, new rank").
Megalocni (Infratribe) Kraglievich, 1923Page: 101 ("Kraglievich, 1923:54, new rank").
Megalonychi (Infratribe) Gervais, 1855Page: 100 ("P. Gervais, 1855:44, new rank").
Megalonychina (Subtribe) Gervais, 1855Page: 100 ("P. Gervais, 1855:44, new rank").
Megalonychini (Tribe) Gervais, 1855Page: 100 ("P. Gervais, 1855:44, new rank").
Megatheriina (Subtribe) Gray, 1821Page: 97 ("Gray, 1821:305, new rank").
Megatheriini (Tribe) Gray, 1821Page: 96 ("Gray, 1821:305, new rank").
Mesocnina (Subtribe) Varona, 1974Page: 101 ("Varona, 1974:46, new rank").
Metamynodontina (Subtribe) Kretzoi, 1942Page: 486 ("Kretzoi, 1942:145, new rank").
Microbiotheria (Superorder) Ameghino, 1889Page: 53 ("Ameghino, 1889:263, table 1, new rank").
Micromomyinae (Subfamily) Szalay, 1974Page: 324 ("Szalay, 1974:243, new rank").
Monodelphina (Subtribe) Talice, de Mosera & Machado, 1960Page: 70 ("Talice, de Mosera & Machado, 1960:149, new rank").
Monodelphini (Tribe) Talice, de Mosera & Machado, 1960Page: 70 ("Talice, de Mosera & Machado, 1960:149, new rank").
Muscardinini (Tribe) Palmer, 1899Page: 178 ("Palmer, 1899:413, new rank").
Mylagaulinae (Subfamily) Cope, 1881Page: 118 ("Cope, 1881:362, new rank").
Mylodontoidea (Superfamily) Gill, 1872Page: 93 ("Gill, 1872:24, new rank").
Myocricetodontini (Tribe) Lavocat, 1961Page: 158 ("Lavocat, 1961:38, new rank").
Myodonta (Infraorder) Schaub, 1955Page: 132 ("Schaub, in Grassé & Dekeyser, 1955:1421, new rank").
Myomimina (Subtribe) Daams, 1981Page: 176-177 ("Daams, 1981:98, new rank").
Mysticeti (Parvorder) Cope, 1891Page: 374 ("Cope, 1891:69, new rank").
Mytoniini (Tribe) Robinson, 1968Page: 338 ("Robinson, 1968:318, new rank").
Nannosciurini (Tribe) Forsyth Major, 1893Page: 125 ("Forsyth Major, 1893:187-189, new rank").
Nectogalini (Tribe) Anderson, 1879Page: 290 ("Anderson, 1879:149, new rank").
Neoplagiaulacinae (Subfamily) Ameghino, 1890Page: 39 ("Ameghino, 1890:176, new rank").
Nothrotheriini (Tribe) Ameghino, 1920Page: 97 ("Ameghino, 1920:818-819, new rank").
Nycticebini (Tribe) Mivart, 1864Page: 334 ("Mivart, 1864:637, new rank").
Octodontinae (Subfamily) Waterhouse, 1839Page: 204 ("Waterhouse, 1839:172, new rank").
Octodontini (Tribe) Waterhouse, 1839Page: 204 ("Waterhouse, 1839:172, new rank").
Odontoceti (Parvorder) Flower, 1867Page: 379 ("Flower, 1869:111, new rank").
Okapiina (Subtribe) Bohlin, 1926Page: 433 ("Bohlin, 1926:133, new rank").
Oreopithecinae (Subfamily) Schwalbe, 1915Page: 341 ("Schwalbe, 1915:149-254, new rank").
Palaeopotoroini (Tribe) Flannery & Rich, 1986Page: 63 ("Flannery & T. H. Rich, 1986:435, new rank").
Palaeotragina (Subtribe) Pilgrim, 1911Page: 433 ("Pilgrim, 1911:29, new rank").
Palaeotragini (Tribe) Pilgrim, 1911Page: 432 ("Pilgrim, 1911:29, new rank").
Parabderitinae (Subfamily) Marshall, 1980Page: 76 ("Marshall, 1980:43, new rank").
Paracosoryx (Genus) Frick, 1937Page: 422 ("Frick, 1937, new rank"; note 1: "on advice of B. Taylor and E. Manning (June 1974, personal communication)").
Paracricetodontini (Tribe) Mein & Freudenthal, 1971Page: 138 ("Mein & Freudenthal, 1971:4, new rank").
Perognathini (Tribe) Coues, 1875Page: 184 ("Coues, 1875:277, new rank").
Peroryctinae (Subfamily) Groves & Flannery, 1990Page: 57 ("Archer, Godthelp, Hand & Megirian, 1989:32, new rank").
Phenacodontinae (Subfamily) Cope, 1881Page: 363 ("Cope, 1881:1018, new rank").
Phiomiidae (Family) Kalandadze & Rautian, 1992Page: 499 ("Kalandadze & Rautian, 1992: 109, new rank").
Pholidota (Suborder) Weber, 1904Page: 220 ("Weber, 1904:412-413, 420, new rank").
Pichipilinae (Subfamily) Marshall, 1980Page: 74 ("Marshall, 1980:40, new rank").
Placentalia (Cohort) Owen, 1837Page: 80 ("Owen, 1837:903, new rank").
Plagiomenini (Tribe) Matthew, 1918Page: 327 ("Matthew, 1918:598, new rank").
Pleurolicini (Tribe) Rensberger, 1973Page: 182 ("Rensberger, 1973:11, new rank").
Prepotheriina (Subtribe) Ameghino, 1894Page: 96 ("Ameghino, 1894:161, new rank").
Proboscidea (Parvorder) Owen, 1859Page: 497 ("Illiger, 1811:96, new rank").
Protoceratoidea (Superfamily) Marsh, 1891Page: 417 ("Marsh, 1891:82, new rank").
Pseudocricetodontina (Subtribe) Engesser, 1987Page: 138 ("Engesser, 1987, new rank").
Pseudoparamyini (Tribe) Michaux, 1964Page: 116 ("Michaux, 1964:154, new rank").
Ptilodontoidea (Superfamily) Gregory & Simpson, 1926 (1887)Page: 39 ("Cope, 1887:567, new rank").
Rhinoceroti (Infratribe) Gray, 1821Page: 484 ("Gray, 1821:306, new rank").
Rhinonycterinae (Subfamily) Gray, 1866Page: 306 ("Gray, 1866:81, new rank").
Rhynchotheriini (Tribe) Hay, 1922Page: 502 ("Hay, 1922:101, new rank").
Schismotheriinae (Subfamily) Mercerat, 1891Page: 98 ("Mercerat, 1891, new rank").
Sciurida (Infraorder) Brandt, 1855Page: 121 ("Carus, 1868:96, new rank").
Seleviniina (Subtribe) Bashanov & Belosludov, 1939Page: 176 ("Bashanov & Belosludov, 1939:3, new rank").
Seleviniini (Tribe) Bashanov & Belosludov, 1939Page: 176 ("Bashanov & Belosludov, 1939:3, new rank").
Sespedectidae (Family) Novacek, 1985Page: 274 ("Novacek, 1985:3, new rank").
Sicistini (Tribe) Allen, 1901Page: 133 ("Allen, 1901:185, new rank").
Simplicidentata (Mirorder) Weber, 1904Page: 113 ("Weber, 1904:490, 495, new rank").
Sinostylopini (Tribe) Nessov, 1987Page: 366 ("Nessov, 1987:211, new rank").
Sirenia (Infraorder) Gill, 1872Page: 493 ("Illiger, 1811:140, new rank").
Sivaladapini (Tribe) Thomas & Verma, 1979Page: 331 ("Thomas & Verma, 1979:833, new rank").
Sloanbaatarinae (Subfamily) Kielan-Jaworowska, 1974Page: 38 ("Kielan-Jaworowska, 1974:37, new rank").
Sparnotheriodontinae (Subfamily) Soria, 1980Page: 451 ("Soria, 1980:194, new rank").
Stenodermatina (Subtribe) Gervais, 1856Page: 312 ("Gervais, in de Castelnau, 1855:32n, new rank").
Sternbergiidae (Family) Szalay, 1994Page: 73 ("Szalay, 1994:42, 332, new rank").
Strepsirrhini (Infraorder) "Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1812"Page: 328 ("É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1812:156, new rank").
Sturnirina (Subtribe) Miller, 1907Page: 311 ("Miller, 1907:33, new rank").
Syndactyli (Grandorder) Gill, 1871Page: 56 ("Gill, 1871:8, new rank").
Taeniolabidoidea (Superfamily) Granger & Simpson, 1929Page: 40 ("Granger & Simpson, 1929:603, new rank").
Tapiromorpha (Infraorder) Haeckel, 1866Page: 478 ("Haeckel, 1866:clviii, new rank").
Tarkadectini (Tribe) Szalay & Lucas, 1996Page: 327 ("Szalay & Lucas, 1996:32, new rank").
Tarsiiformes (Parvorder) Gregory, 1915Page: 336 ("Gregory, 1915:437, new rank").
Taterillini (Tribe) Chaline, Mein & Petter, 1977Page: 160 ("Chaline, Mein & F. Petter, 1977:250, new rank").
Teleocerati (Infratribe) Hay, 1902Page: 483 ("Hay, 1902:646, new rank").
Teratodontini (Tribe) Savage, 1965Page: 225 ("R. J. G. Savage, 1965:246, new rank").
Tethytheria (Suborder) McKenna, 1975Page: 492 ("McKenna, 1975:42, new rank").
Theria (Supercohort) Parker & Haswell, 1897Page: 49 ("Parker & Haswell, 1897:448, new rank").
Theridomyomorpha (Infraorder) Wood, 1955Page: 119 ("A. E. Wood, 1955:173, new rank").
Theriiformes (Subclass) Rowe, 1988Page: 36 ("Rowe, 1988:245, new rank").
Tillotheriinae (Subfamily) Marsh, 1875Page: 214 ("Marsh, 1875:221, new rank").
Tinimomyinae (Subfamily) Beard & Houde, 1989Page: 324 ("Beard & Houde, 1989:389, new rank").
Tremacebini (Tribe) Hershkovitz, 1974Page: 354 ("Hershkovitz, 1974:1, new rank").
Tribosphenida (Infralegion) McKenna, 1975Page: 48 ("McKenna, 1975:27, new rank").
Trilophomyinae (Subfamily) Kretzoi, 1969Page: 139 ("Kretzoi, 1969:162, new rank").
Uintasoricini (Tribe) Szalay, 1969Page: 323 ("Szalay, 1969:3, new rank").
Uromanini (Tribe) Pocock, 1924Page: 221 ("Pocock, 1924:723, new rank").
Xenarthra (Magnorder) Cope, 1889Page: 82 ("Cope, 1889:657, new rank").
Zygolestina (Subtribe) Marshall, 1987Page: 71 ("Marshall, in Archer, ed., 1987:138, new rank").

New: Subsequent spelling

Crouzeliinae (Subfamily) Ginsburg & Mein, 1980Page: 342 ("Ginsburg & Mein, 1980:75").
Elephantini (Tribe) Gray, 1821Page: 503 ("Gray, 1821:305").
Lorini (Tribe) Gray, 1821Page: 334 ("Gray, 1821:298").
Naemorhedini (Tribe) Pilgrim, 1939Page: 442 ("Pilgrim, 1939:23").
Palaeoamasiinae (Subfamily) Sen & Heintz, 1979Page: 492 ("Sen & Heintz, 1979:76").
Presbytini (Tribe) Gray, 1825Page: 344 ("Gray, 1825:338").
Schizotheroides (Genus) Hough, 1955Page: 469 ("Hough, 1955:34").
Smutsiini (Tribe) Gray, 1873Page: 221 ("Gray, 1873:11").

New: Original definition [PhyloCode]

Megatheria (Clade) McKenna & Bell 1997Page: 96 (note 1: "Definition").
Mylodonta (Clade) McKenna & Bell 1997Page: 93 (note 1: "Definition").
Sciuravida (Clade) McKenna & Bell 1997Page: 186 (note 1: "Definition").
Selenida (Clade) McKenna & Bell 1997Page: 473 (note 1: "Definition").
Uranotheria (Clade) McKenna & Bell 1997Page: 490 (note 1: "Definition").

New: Isonym: name, rank & spelling

Castorimorpha (Infraorder) Wood, 1955Page: 129 ("A. E. Wood, 1955:175, new rank").

Original Classification (root)

(Clade) Mammaliaformes Rowe 1988

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Last updated: 4 Aug 2022