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Reference: S.M. Adl et al., 2005. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 52 (5)
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Adl, S.M., Simpson, A.G.B., Farmer, M.A., Andersen, R.A., Anderson, O.R., Barta, J.R., Bowser, S.S., Brugerolle, G., Fensome, R.A., Fredericq, S., James, T.Y., Karpov, S., Kugrens, P., Krug, J., Lane, C.E., Lewis, L.A., Lodge, J., Lynn, D.H., Mann, D.G., McCourt, R.M., Mendoza, L., Moestrup, Ø., Mozley-Standridge, S.E., Nerad, T.A., Shearer, C.A., Smirnov, A.V., Spiegel, F.W. & Taylor, M.F.J.R. 2005. The New Higher Level Classification of Eukaryotes with Emphasis on the Taxonomy of Protists. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 52 (5), Sep-Oct 2005: 399-451. [Online]


  1. McCourt, R.M., 2005. Sep-Oct 2005: 422.
  2. Mann, D.G., 2005. Sep-Oct 2005: 432.



New Names and Combinations: Original name

Archaeplastida (Supergroup) Adl et al., 2005Page: 420.
Chloroplastida ([unranked]) S.M. Adl et al., 2005Page: 421.
Chromalveolata (Supergroup) Adl et al., 2005Page: 423.
Silicofilosea ([unranked]) Adl et al., 2005Page: 416.

New Names and Combinations: Emended diagnosis (emend.)

Animalia ([unranked]) Linnaeus, 1758Page: 415.
Apicomplexa ([unranked]) Levine, 1970Page: 434.
Cercozoa ([unranked]) Cavalier-Smith, 1998Page: 416.
Dinozoa ([unranked]) Cavalier-Smith, 1981Page: 433.
Jakobida ([unranked]) Cavalier-Smith, 1993Page: 441.
Mesomycetozoa ([unranked]) Herr, Ajello, Taylor, Arseculeratne & Mendoza, 1999Page: 413.
Opalinata ([unranked]) Wenyon, 1926Page: 425.
Opisthokonta (Supergroup) Cavalier-Smith, 1987Page: 405.
Perkinsidae (Family) Levine, 1978Page: 434.
Radiolaria ([unranked]) Müller, 1858Page: 419.
Rhodophyceae (Class) Thuret (1855)Page: 420.
Stramenopiles ([unranked]) Patterson, 1989Page: 425.

Original Classification (root)

([unranked]) Biota

Original Classification (new taxon)

([unranked]) arachnoidiscids Mann in Adl et al., 2005
([unranked]) Chloroplastida Adl et al., 2005
([unranked]) corethrids Mann in Adl et al., 2005
([unranked]) coscinodiscids Mann in Adl et al., 2005
([unranked]) melosirids Mann in Adl et al., 2005
([unranked]) paralids Mann in Adl et al., 2005
([unranked]) rhizosolenids Mann in Adl et al., 2005
([unranked]) Silicofilosea Adl et al., 2005
(Supergroup) Archaeplastida Adl et al., 2005
(Supergroup) Chromalveolata Adl et al., 2005

Original Classification (new position)

([unranked]) Charophyta Karol et al., 2001, emend. Lewis & McCourt, 2004
([unranked]) Euglyphida Copeland, 1956, emend. Cavalier-Smith, 1997
([unranked]) Glaucophyta Skuja, 1954
([unranked]) Prasinophytae Cavalier-Smith, 1998, emend. Lewis & McCourt, 2004
([unranked]) Thaumatomonadida Shirkina, 1987
(Phylum) Chlorophyta Pascher, 1914, emend. Lewis & McCourt, 2004
(Order) Chlorodendrales Fritsch, 1917
(Genus) Actinoptychus
(Genus) Arachnoidiscus
(Genus) Aulacoseira
(Genus) Corethron
(Genus) Coscinodiscus
(Genus) Guinardia
(Genus) Leptocylindrus
(Genus) Melosira
(Genus) Paralia
(Genus) Rhizosolenia
(Genus) Stephanopyxis

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Last updated: 20 Dec 2019