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Geographic region: Indian Ocean
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Mammals (9)

Cheirogaleidae (Family) Gray, 1873 - dwarf lemurs and mouse lemurs

Cheirogaleinae (Subfamily) (Gray, 1872[1873]) Gregory, 1915

Euprimates (Suborder) Hoffstetter, 1978

Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 - mammals

Mammaliaformes ([unranked]) Rowe, 1988

Microcebus (Genus) É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1828[1834] - mouse lemurs

Placentalia (Cohort) (Owen, 1837) M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997 - placentals

Primates (Order) Linnaeus, 1758 - primates

Strepsirrhini (Infraorder) (É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1812) M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997

Birds (8)

Ciconiiformes (Order) Bonaparte, 1854

Dendrocygna (Genus) Swainson, 1837 - wandering whistling-duck

Eudyptes (Genus) Vieillot, 1816

Eudyptes moseleyi Mathews & Iredale, 1921 - northern rockhopper penguin

Mascarenotus (Genus) Mourer-Chauvire, Hour, Moutou & Ribes, 1994

Passerimorphae (Superorder) Sibley et al., 1988

Procellarioidea (Superfamily) Fürbringer, 1888

Spheniscidae (Family) Bonaparte, 1831 - penguins

Reptiles (1)

Titanosauridae (Family) Lydekker, 1893 - titanosaurids

Amphibians (1)

Protobatrachidae (Family)

Fishes (28)

Anguilliformes (Order) Rafinesque, 1810 - eels

Aplocheilidae (Family) Bleeker, 1860 - killifishes

Balistoidei (Suborder) Rafinesque, 1810

Cyprinodontiformes (Order) Berg, 1940 - killifishes

Elopomorpha (Cohort) Greenwood et al., 1966

Enigmacanthus (Genus) Hutchins, 2002

Latimeria (Genus) Smith, 1939

Lubbockichthys (Genus) Gill & Edwards, 1999

Lubbockichthys multisquamatus (Allen, 1987) - fine-scaled dottyback

Megachasma pelagios Taylor, Compagno & Struhsaker, 1983 - megamouth

Monacanthidae (Family) - filefishes

Ophichthidae (Family) - snake eels and worm eels

Ophichthinae (Subfamily)

Pachycara (Genus) Zugmayer, 1911

Pachypanchax (Genus) Myers, 1933

Pagrus (Genus)

Pagrus auratus (Forster, in Bloch & Schneider, 1801) - squirefish

Perciformes (Order) Rafinesque, 1810 - perches

Percoidei (Suborder) Rafinesque, 1810

Pseudochromidae (Family) - dottybacks

Pseudoplesiopinae (Subfamily)

Schindleriidae (Family) Giltay, 1934 - Schindler's fishes

Siluriformes (Order) Rafinesque, 1810 - catfishes

Sparidae (Family) Jordan & Evermann, 1898 - porgys and seabreams

Tetraodontiformes (Order) Berg, 1937 - plectognaths

Tetraodontiformes (Order) Berg, 1937 - triggerfishes, trunkfishes, puffers, headfishes

Xestochilus (Genus) McCosker, 1998

Xestochilus nebulosus (Smith, 1962)

Vertebrates (1)

Vertebrata (Subphylum) Cuvier, 1812 - vertebrates

Echinoderms (1)

Acanthaster planci (C. Linnaeus, 1758) - crown-of-thorns starfish

Insects (4)

Zoraptera (Order) Silvestri, 1913 - zorapterans

Zorotypidae (Family) Silvestri

Zorotypus (Genus) Silvestri, 1913

Zorotypus (Subgenus) Silvestri

Crustaceans (6)

Eucarida (Superorder) Calman, 1904

Eumalacostraca (Subclass) Grobben, 1892

Malacostraca (Class) Latreille, 1802

Palinuridae (Family) Latreille, 1802 - palinurid lobsters

Palinurus (Genus) Fabricius, 1798

Pleocyemata (Suborder) Burkenroad, 1963

Arthropods (1)

Arthropoda (Phylum) von Siebold, 1848 - arthropods

Molluscs (39)

Ancistrocheirus lesueuri (d'Orbigny, in Férussac & d'Orbigny, 1834-1848[1842])

Archaeomenia (Genus) Thiele, 1906

Austrorossia mastigophora (Chun, 1915)

Brachioteuthis behni (Steenstrup, 1882)

Chevroderma (Genus) Scheltema, 1985

Chevroderma javanicum D.L. Ivanov & A.H. Scheltema, 2002

Chevroderma turnerae Scheltema, 1985

Chevroderma vityazi D.L. Ivanov & A.H. Scheltema, 2002

Chiroteuthis picteti somaliensis Salcedo-Vargas, 1996

Chiroteuthis spoeli Salcedo-Vargas, 1996

Epimenia (Genus) Nierstrasz, 1908

Epimeniidae (Family) Salvini-Plawen, 1978

Fissurella (Genus) J.G. Bruguière, 1789

Fissurellidae (Family) C.A. Fleming, 1822 - keyhole limpets

Fissurellinae (Subfamily) C.A. Fleming, 1822

Fissurelloidea (Superfamily) C.A. Fleming, 1822

Gari tripartita (Deshayes, 1854)

Gastropoda (Class) Cuvier, 1795 - snails and slugs

Hemimeniidae (Family) Salvini-Plawen, 1978

Kruppomenia (Genus) Nierstrasz, 1903

Liocranchia valdiviae Chun, 1910

Loliolus affinis Steenstrup, 1856

Mollusca (Phylum) Linnaeus, 1758 - molluscs

Niteomica (Genus) Ivanov, 1996, nom. nov.

Ouagapia villandrei Gassies

Prochaetoderma (Genus) Thiele, 1902

Prochaetodermatidae (Family) Salvini-Plawen, 1968

Psilodens (Genus) Salvini-Plawen, 1977

Rhipidoherpiidae (Family) Salvini-Plawen, 1978

Sepia arabica Massy, 1916

Sepia brevimana Steenstrup, 1875 - shortclub cuttlefish

Sepia ivanovi Khromov, 1982

Sepia mascarensis Filippova & Khromov, 1991

Sepia plathyconchalis Filippova & Khromov, 1991

Sepia tuberculata Lamarck, 1798

Sepiella inermis (van Hasselt, in Férussac & d'Orbigny, 1834-1848[1835]) - spineless cuttlefish

Simrothiella (Genus) Pilsbry, 1898

Spiomenia (Genus) Arnofsky, 2000

Vetigastropoda (Order) Salvini-Plawen, 1980 - archaeogastropods s.l.

Annelids (1)

Cossura (Genus) Webster & Benedict, 1887

Invertebrates (8)

Eutardigrada (Class) Marcus - naked tardigrades

Hypsibiidae (Family) Pilato, 1969

Hypsibiinae (Subfamily) Pilato, 1969

Hypsibius (Genus) Ehrenberg, 1848

Hypsibius renaudae 1972

Panarthropoda (Superphylum)

Parachela (Order) Schuster et al., 1980

Tardigrada (Phylum) Spallanzani, 1777 - tardigrades

Animals (2)

Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 - animals

Chordata (Phylum) Bateson, 1885 - chordates

Plants (7)

Arecaceae (Family) Bercht. & J. Presl (1820), nom. cons. - palm family

Arecales (Order) Bromhead (1840) - palms

Ceroxyloideae (Subfamily)

Pelagodoxa henryana Becc. (1917)

Plantae (Kingdom) Haeckel (1866) - plants

Ravenea (Genus) C.D. Bouché (1878)

Tracheophyta (Phylum) Sinnott ex Caval.-Sm. (1998) - vascular plants

Algae (1)

Struvea (Genus) Sonder, 1845, nom. cons.

Protozoa (1)

Corallochytrium limacisporum Raghuk. 1987

Eukaryotes (1)

Eukaryota (Domain) Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes

Viruses (5)

dsRNA viruses (Class level)

Orbivirus (Genus)

Reoviridae (Family)

RNA viruses

viruses (Domain level)

Organisms (1)

Biota ([unranked])

Geological entities (2)

Paleo-Tethys Ocean ([unranked])

Tethys Ocean ([unranked]) E. Suess, 1893

Links

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/xo.html

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Last updated: 25 Apr 2017