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Taxon: Order Phasmatodea Jacobsen & Bianchi, 1902 - stick and leaf insects (insect)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1748: 210; Count: 13k;96p;818c;1458o;9546f;109,915g;221,504s;24,393ss;2107v;35,667;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;91ss;1v;7; †5p;75c;511o;2677f;13,591g;4468s;122ss;1v;393
   actualia - actual entities
  Ref: A. Voltolini, 2006: 44 (note 19) [assumed position]; Count: 13k;96p;818c;1458o;9546f;109,915g;221,503s;24,393ss;2107v;35,667;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;91ss;1v;7; †5p;75c;511o;2677f;13,591g;4468s;122ss;1v;393
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
    Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 5 [indirect position]; Count: 13k;96p;818c;1458o;9546f;109,915g;221,503s;24,393ss;2107v;35,665;111e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;91ss;1v;7; †5p;75c;511o;2677f;13,591g;4468s;122ss;1v;393
       naturalia - natural bodies
      Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 6 [implicit position]; Count: 7k;96p;818c;1458o;9470f;109,905g;221,079s;24,393ss;2076v;8; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;91ss;1v; †5p;75c;511o;2677f;13,591g;4468s;122ss;1v
         Biota
        Ref: Count: [p] 5k;96p;343c;1450o;9470f;109,862g;218,820s;24,391ss;2048v;8; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;91ss;1v; †5p;75c;510o;2677f;13,582g;4428s;122ss;1v
           "neomura"
          Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2002b: 297; Count: 5k;67p;283c;1312o;9041f;107,034g;205,196s;23,986ss;2030v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;91ss;1v; †5p;75c;510o;2676f;13,575g;4419s;122ss;1v
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
            Ref: P.M. Kirk et al., 2008: 248 [indirect position]; Count: 5k;62p;273c;1292o;9008f;106,910g;204,752s;23,986ss;2030v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;91ss;1v; †5p;75c;510o;2676f;13,575g;4419s;122ss;1v
               "neokaryotes" - mitochondrial eukaryotes
              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 116 [inferred position]; Count: 4k;61p;269c;1284o;9002f;106,692g;204,579s;23,979ss;2030v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;91ss;1v; †5p;75c;510o;2673f;13,481g;4333s;116ss;1v
                 "neozoa"
                Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: fig. 2; Count: 4k;60p;263c;1276o;8991f;106,655g;204,524s;23,979ss;2030v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;91ss;1v; †5p;75c;510o;2673f;13,481g;4333s;116ss;1v
                   "scotokaryotes" Cavalier-Smith, 1999
                  Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [emended diagnosis] [indirect position]; Count: 2k;44p;152c;756o;7022f;85,462g;183,602s;23,455ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;91ss;1v; †5p;70c;463o;2334f;10,759g;4020s;96ss;1v
                     "podiates" Cavalier-Smith, 2013
                    Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [new position]; Count: [p] 2k;42p;146c;742o;6986f;85,347g;183,443s;23,455ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;91ss;1v; †5p;70c;463o;2334f;10,759g;4020s;96ss;1v
                       Amorphea Adl et al., 2012
                      Ref: S.M. Adl et al., 2012: table 1 (p. 430) [new taxon] [indirect position]; Count: [p] 2k;42p;143c;739o;6981f;85,338g;183,430s;23,455ss;510v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;91ss;1v; †5p;70c;463o;2334f;10,759g;4020s;96ss;1v
                         Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith, 1987
                        Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 98 [indirect position]; Count: [p] 2k;40p;133c;707o;6906f;85,091g;182,960s;23,453ss;506v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;91ss;1v; †5p;70c;463o;2334f;10,759g;4019s;96ss;1v
                           Holozoa
                          Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 101; Count: [p] 1k;33p;91c;547o;6312f;77,420g;181,026s;23,445ss;483v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;91ss;1v; †5p;70c;463o;2334f;10,746g;4018s;96ss;1v
                             filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith, 2008
                            Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 156 [inferred position]; Count: 1k;33p;90c;545o;6305f;77,400g;181,004s;23,445ss;483v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;91ss;1v; †5p;70c;463o;2334f;10,746g;4018s;96ss;1v
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 156 [implicit position]; Count: 33p;87c;541o;6299f;77,344g;180,936s;23,445ss;482v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;91ss;1v; †5p;70c;463o;2334f;10,746g;4018s;96ss;1v
                                 Epitheliozoa Ax, 1996
                                Ref: C. Nielsen, 2001: fig. 2.5; Count: [p] 32p;83c;514o;6159f;76,615g;180,574s;23,430ss;479v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;91ss;1v; †4p;65c;436o;2116f;9554g;3787s;96ss;1v
                                   Eumetazoa Bütschli, 1910 - eumetazoans
                                  Ref: C. Nielsen, 2001: fig. 2.5; Count: [p] 31p;83c;514o;6158f;76,613g;180,572s;23,430ss;479v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;91ss;1v; †4p;65c;436o;2116f;9554g;3787s;96ss;1v
                                     Bilateria Hatschek, 1888 - bilaterians
                                    Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 111; Count: [p] 28p;73c;479o;5879f;75,616g;179,523s;23,421ss;463v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;91ss;1v; †3p;58c;422o;2096f;9415g;3676s;96ss;1v
                                       Protostomia Grobben, 1908
                                      Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 111; Count: [p] 23p;53c;285o;4639f;65,086g;117,727s;12,187ss;155v; ‡104s;8ss; †1p;27c;167o;1054f;2083g;1450s;22ss;1v
                                         Ecdysozoa Aguinaldo, Turbeville, Linford, Rivera, Garey, Raff & Lake, 1997 - ecdysozoans
                                        Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 119; Count: [p] 9p;26c;158o;3212f;57,409g;104,724s;11,739ss;151v; ‡57s;4ss; †1p;15c;83o;362f;1496g;1184s;10ss
                                           Superphylum Panarthropoda
                                          Ref: E.E. Ruppert et al., 2004: 505 [implicit position]; Count: [p] 3p;18c;127o;2971f;56,672g;103,692s;11,733ss;151v; ‡57s;4ss; †1p;14c;82o;361f;1447g;1181s;10ss
                                             Phylum Arthropoda von Siebold, 1848 - arthropods
                                            Ref: E.E. Ruppert et al., 2004: 517; Count: 14c;122o;2950f;56,551g;103,275s;11,717ss;148v; ‡57s;4ss; †12c;76o;350f;1428g;1170s;10ss
                                               Euarthropoda
                                              Ref: J. Liu et al., 2011: fig. S1 [implicit position]; Count: 14c;122o;2950f;56,551g;103,275s;11,717ss;148v; ‡57s;4ss; †7c;65o;332f;1388g;1154s;10ss
                                                 Mandibulata
                                                Ref: E.E. Ruppert et al., 2004: fig. 16.15 [indirect position]; Count: 11c;104o;2183f;46,583g;78,698s;10,949ss;146v; ‡57s;4ss; †2c;44o;300f;1218g;1098s;10ss
                                                   Crustaceomorpha Chernyshev, 1960
                                                  Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: table 3.2 [inferred rank] [implicit position]; Count: 7c;84o;2028f;46,255g;78,051s;10,918ss;105v; ‡57s;4ss; †2c;37o;297f;1206g;1091s;10ss
                                                     Labrophora Siveter, Waloszek & Williams
                                                    Ref: J.T. Haug et al., 2009: abstract [indirect position]; Count: 7c;84o;2028f;46,255g;78,051s;10,918ss;105v; ‡57s;4ss; †2c;37o;295f;1198g;1083s;10ss
                                                       Subphylum Pancrustacea Zrzavý et al., 1997
                                                      Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 158 [indirect position]; Count: 7c;84o;2028f;46,255g;78,051s;10,918ss;105v; ‡57s;4ss; †1c;33o;274f;1095g;1024s;10ss
                                                         Altocrustacea
                                                        Ref: J.C. Regier et al., 2010: fig. 1 [implicit position]; Count: 6c;76o;1959f;45,489g;77,555s;10,912ss;102v; ‡55s;4ss; †1c;30o;262f;1007g;967s;10ss
                                                           Miracrustacea
                                                          Ref: J.C. Regier et al., 2010: fig. 1; Count: 4c;37o;1084f;38,461g;71,025s;10,755ss;102v; ‡46s;4ss; †16o;253f;903g;940s;10ss
                                                             Superclass Hexapoda Latreille, 1825
                                                            Ref: E.E. Ruppert et al., 2004: 723 [indirect position]; Count: 2c;35o;1080f;38,448g;71,015s;10,755ss;102v; ‡46s;4ss; †15o;252f;899g;937s;10ss
                                                               Class Insecta Linnaeus, 1758 - insects
                                                              Ref: E.E. Ruppert et al., 2004: 745; Count: [o] 32o;1047f;38,153g;69,971s;10,753ss;102v; ‡46s;4ss; †15o;250f;892g;935s;10ss
                                                                 Subclass Dicondylia
                                                                Ref: R.W. Poole et al., 1997: 16; Count: [oo] 31o;1045f;38,134g;69,942s;10,753ss;102v; ‡46s;4ss; †15o;248f;888g;931s;10ss
                                                                   Infraclass Pterygota
                                                                  Ref: R.W. Poole et al., 1997: 16; Count: [oo] 30o;1040f;38,115g;69,920s;10,753ss;102v; ‡46s;4ss; †15o;248f;885g;928s;10ss
                                                                     Metapterygota
                                                                    Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: table 4.1 [implicit position]; Count: 29o;1012f;37,821g;69,082s;10,732ss;102v; ‡44s;4ss; †14o;227f;836g;858s;10ss
                                                                       Neoptera
                                                                      Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: table 4.1; Count: 28o;983f;37,190g;68,518s;10,702ss;102v; ‡44s;4ss; †8o;171f;832g;855s;10ss
                                                                         Polyneoptera
                                                                        Ref: J.C. Regier et al., 2010: fig. 1; Count: [oo] 11o;119f;3566g;7882s;1229ss; ‡1s; †3o;48f;296g;19s
                                                                           Anartioptera
                                                                          Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: table 4.1; Count: [oo] 8o;99f;3358g;7681s;1229ss; ‡1s; †3o;47f;295g;19s
                                                                             Polyorthoptera
                                                                            Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: 193 [implicit position]; Count: [oo] 5o;74f;3220g;6989s;1229ss; †2o;35f;290g;11s
                                                                               Superorder Orthopterida
                                                                              Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: 193; Count: [oo] 2o;61f;3149g;6925s;1229ss; †2o;35f;289g;10s
                                                                                 Order Phasmatodea Jacobsen & Bianchi, 1902 - stick and leaf insects
                                                                                Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: table 4.1; Count: [g] 13f;450g;174s; †1g;1s
                                                                                   1 Suborder Agathemerodea
                                                                                  Ref: P.D. Brock, 2009: 25 May 2009 [implicit position]; Count: [g] 1f;1g
                                                                                   2 Suborder Timematodea
                                                                                  Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: 213; Count: [g] 1f;1g;10s
                                                                                   3 Suborder Verophasmatodea Zompro, 2004
                                                                                  Ref: P.D. Brock, 2009: 25 May 2009 [implicit position]; Count: [g] 11f;448g;164s; †1g;1s

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Last updated: 25 Apr 2017