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Under construction
Apomorphy-based clade: Clade Spiralia Schleip, 1929 - spiralians (invertebrate)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
   actualia - actual entities
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
       naturalia - natural bodies
         [crown] Clade Biota Wagner 2004 [Wiemann, de Queiroz, Rowe, Planavsky, Anderson, Gogarten, Turner & Gauthier 2020]
           Clade "neomura" Cavalier-Smith 1987
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
               Clade neokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 1993 - mitochondrial eukaryotes
                 Clade neozoa Cavalier-Smith 1993
                   Clade scotokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 2000
                     Clade podiates Cavalier-Smith 2012
                       [crown] Clade Amorphea Adl et al. 2012
                         [crown] Clade Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith 1987
                           Superkingdom Holozoa Lang, O'Kelly, Nerad, Gray & Burger, 2002
                             Clade filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith 2008
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                                 Clade Planulozoa Wallberg, Thollesson, Farris & Jondelius 2004
                                   Subkingdom Bilateria Hatschek, 1888 - bilaterians
                                     Clade Nephrozoa Jondelius, Ruiz-Trillo, Baguñà & Riutort 2002
                                       [Clade Protostomia Grobben, 1908] see Infrakingdom Protostomia Grobben, 1908
                                         [Clade Spiralia Schleip, 1929 - spiralians] see Superphylum Spiralia Schleip, 1929
                                           [Clade Polyzoa]
                                           2.1 [Bryozoa] see Phylum Bryozoa Ehrenberg, 1831
                                           2.2.1 [Phoronozoa] see [unranked] Lophophorata Hyman, 1959
                                           n.0 [Schizocoelia] see [unranked] Protostomia Grobben, 1908
                                           n.0 [Teloblastica (C. Nielsen, 1995)] see [unranked] Protostomia Grobben, 1908

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Last updated: 4 Aug 2022