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Under construction
Apomorphy-based clade: Clade Lignophyta Crane & Kenrick 1997, nom. cl. inval. (plant)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
   actualia - actual entities
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
       naturalia - natural bodies
         [crown] Clade Biota Wagner 2004 [Wiemann, de Queiroz, Rowe, Planavsky, Anderson, Gogarten, Turner & Gauthier 2020]
           Clade "neomura" Cavalier-Smith 1987
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
               Clade neokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 1993 - mitochondrial eukaryotes
                 Clade neozoa Cavalier-Smith 1993
                   Superkingdom Corticata Lankester, 1878
                     Kingdom Plantae Haeckel (1866) - plants
                       Subkingdom Viridiplantae Caval.-Sm. (1981) - green plants
                         Infrakingdom Streptophyta Caval.-Sm. (1993)
                           [crown] Clade Phragmoplastophyta Lecointre & Le Guyader 2006 [Hall, McCourt, Delwiche, Mishler & Karol 2020]
                             [crown] Clade Embryophyta Engler 1887 [Mishler & Qiu 2020]
                               Clade Pan-Tracheophyta Cantino & Donoghue 2007 [Cantino & Donoghue 2020]
                                 Clade Apo-Tracheophyta Cantino & Donoghue 2007 [Cantino & Donoghue 2020]
                                   [crown] Phylum Tracheophyta Sinnott ex Caval.-Sm. (1998) - vascular plants
                                     Clade Pan-Euphyllophyta Cantino & Donoghue 2007 [Cantino & Donoghue 2020]
                                       [crown] Clade Euphyllophyta Lecointre & Le Guyader 2006 [Cantino & Donoghue 2020]
                                         Clade Pan-Spermatophyta Cantino & Donoghue 2007 [Cantino, Doyle & Donoghue 2020]
                                           Clade Lignophyta Crane & Kenrick 1997, nom. cl. inval.
                                             1 Subphylum †Aneurophytophytina Doweld (2001) [monotypic]
                                             2.1.1 [plesion] Order †Protopityales Walton (1957) [monotypic]
                                             2.1.2.1 [plesion] Order †Cecropsidales Stubblef. & G.W.Rothwell (1989) [monotypic]
                                             2.1.2.2.1 Subphylum †Archaeopteridophytina Doweld (2001) [monotypic]
                                             2.1.2.2.2 Subphylum †Noeggerathiophytina Boureau (1964) [monotypic]
                                             2.2 Clade Apo-Spermatophyta Cantino & Donoghue 2007 [Cantino, Doyle & Donoghue 2020]

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Last updated: 2 Jun 2023