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Taxon: "sparoid lineage" (fish)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
   actualia - actual entities
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
       naturalia - natural bodies
         [crown] Clade Biota Wagner 2004 [Wiemann, de Queiroz, Rowe, Planavsky, Anderson, Gogarten, Turner & Gauthier 2020]
           Clade "neomura" Cavalier-Smith 1987
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
               Clade neokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 1993 - mitochondrial eukaryotes
                 Clade neozoa Cavalier-Smith 1993
                   Clade scotokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 2000
                     Clade podiates Cavalier-Smith 2012
                       [crown] Clade Amorphea Adl et al. 2012
                         [crown] Clade Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith 1987
                           Superkingdom Holozoa Lang, O'Kelly, Nerad, Gray & Burger, 2002
                             Clade filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith 2008
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                                 Clade Planulozoa Wallberg, Thollesson, Farris & Jondelius 2004
                                   Subkingdom Bilateria Hatschek, 1888 - bilaterians
                                     Clade Nephrozoa Jondelius, Ruiz-Trillo, Baguñà & Riutort 2002
                                       Infrakingdom Deuterostomia Grobben, 1908
                                         Phylum Chordata Bateson, 1885 - chordates
                                           Subphylum Vertebrata Cuvier, 1812 - vertebrates
                                             Myopterygii - myopterygians
                                               Superclass Gnathostomata Gegenbaur, 1874 - jawed vertebrates
                                                 Grade Teleostomi Bonaparte, 1836
                                                   Euteleostomi - bony vertebrates
                                                     Class Actinopterygii Woodward, 1891 - ray-finned fishes
                                                       [crown] Actinopteri Cope, 1871
                                                         Subclass Neopterygii Regan, 1923
                                                           Infraclass Teleostei Müller, 1845
                                                             Supercohort Teleocephala de Pinna, 1996
                                                               Clupeocephala
                                                                 Cohort Euteleosteomorpha (Greenwood et al., 1966)
                                                                   Subcohort Neoteleostei Nelson, 1969
                                                                     Infracohort Eurypterygia (Rosen, 1973)
                                                                       Section Ctenosquamata Rosen, 1973
                                                                         Subsection Acanthomorphata (Rosen, 1973)
                                                                           Euacanthomorpha (Johnson & Patterson, 1993)
                                                                             Holacanthopterygii Johnson & Patterson, 1993
                                                                               Acanthopterygii Rosen & Patterson, 1969
                                                                                 Euacanthopterygii
                                                                                   Division Percomorphacea Wiley & Johnson, 2010
                                                                                     Order Perciformes Rafinesque, 1810, incertae sedis - perches
                                                                                       Suborder Percoidei Rafinesque, 1810
                                                                                         Superfamily Percoidea
                                                                                           "sparoid lineage"
                                                                                             1 Family Nemipteridae Regan, 1930 - threadfin breams and spinycheeks
                                                                                             2 Family Lethrinidae - emperors
                                                                                             3 Family Sparidae Jordan & Evermann, 1898 - porgys and seabreams
                                                                                             4 Family Centracanthidae Fowler, 1925 (1829)

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Last updated: 4 Aug 2022