The Taxonomicon
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Taxon: Family Bufonidae Gray, 1825 (amphibian)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
   actualia - actual entities
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
       naturalia - natural bodies
         Biota Wagner 2004 [Wiemann, de Queiroz, Rowe, Planavsky, Anderson, Gogarten, Turner & Gauthier 2020]
           "neomura" Cavalier-Smith 1987
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
               neokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 1993 - mitochondrial eukaryotes
                 neozoa Cavalier-Smith 1993
                   scotokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 2000
                     podiates Cavalier-Smith 2012 [nom. cl. nov.]
                       Amorphea Adl et al. 2012 [nom. cl. nov.]
                         Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith 1987
                           Superkingdom Holozoa Lang, O'Kelly, Nerad, Gray & Burger, 2002
                             filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith 2008
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                                 Planulozoa Wallberg, Thollesson, Farris & Jondelius 2004 [nom. cl. nov.]
                                   Subkingdom Bilateria Hatschek, 1888 - bilaterians
                                     Nephrozoa Jondelius, Ruiz-Trillo, Baguñà & Riutort 2002 [nom. cl. nov.]
                                       Infrakingdom Deuterostomia Grobben, 1908
                                         Phylum Chordata Bateson, 1885 - chordates
                                           Subphylum Vertebrata Cuvier, 1812 - vertebrates
                                             [crown] Myopterygii - myopterygians
                                               Superclass Gnathostomata Zittel, 1879 - jawed vertebrates
                                                 Grade Teleostomi Bonaparte, 1836
                                                   Euteleostomi - bony vertebrates
                                                     Sarcopterygii Romer, 1955
                                                       Rhipidistia Cope, 1887
                                                         Tetrapodomorpha Ahlberg, 1991
                                                           Osteolepidimorpha
                                                             Tetrapoda Goodrich, 1930
                                                               Class Amphibia Gray, 1825
                                                                 Infraclass Lissamphibia
                                                                   Batrachia Latreille, 1800
                                                                     Order Anura (Fischer von Waldheim, 1813) Gray, 1825
                                                                       Lalagobatrachia D.R. Frost et al., 2006
                                                                         Sokolanura D.R. Frost et al., 2006
                                                                           Acosmanura Savage, 1973
                                                                             Neobatrachia Reig, 1958
                                                                               Phthanobatrachia D.R. Frost et al., 2006
                                                                                 Hyloides D.R. Frost et al., 2006
                                                                                   Notogaeanura Frost et al., 2006
                                                                                     Nobleobatrachia D.R. Frost et al., 2006
                                                                                       Meridianura D.R. Frost et al., 2006
                                                                                         Athesphatanura D.R. Frost et al., 2006
                                                                                           Leptodactyliformes D.R. Frost et al., 2006
                                                                                             Chthonobatrachia D.R. Frost et al., 2006
                                                                                               Hesticobatrachia D.R. Frost et al., 2006
                                                                                                 Agastorophrynia D.R. Frost et al., 2006
                                                                                                   Family Bufonidae Gray, 1825
                                                                                                     01.1 "Bufo pentoni" Anderson, 1893
                                                                                                     01.2 "Bufo tihamicus" Balletto & Cherchi, 1973
                                                                                                     02 Genus Melanophryniscus Gallardo, 1961
                                                                                                     03 Genus Osornophryne Ruiz-Carranza & Hernández-Camacho, 1976
                                                                                                     04 Genus Atelopus Duméril & Bibron, 1841
                                                                                                     05 Genus Dendrophryniscus Jiménez de la Espada, 1870
                                                                                                     06 Genus Rhaebo Cope, 1862
                                                                                                     07 Genus Wolterstorffina Mertens, 1939
                                                                                                     08 Genus Werneria Poche, 1903
                                                                                                     09 Genus Nectophryne Buchholz & Peters, 1875
                                                                                                     10 Genus Phrynoidis Fitzinger, 1843
                                                                                                     11.1 Genus Pedostibes Günther, 1876
                                                                                                     11.2 Genus Sabahphrynus Matsui, Yambun & Sudin, 2007 [monotypic]
                                                                                                     12.1 Genus Nectophrynoides Noble, 1926
                                                                                                     12.2 Genus Nimbaphrynoides Dubois, 1987 [monotypic]
                                                                                                     13 Genus Didynamipus Andersson, 1903 [monotypic]
                                                                                                     14.1 Genus Ansonia Stoliczka, 1870
                                                                                                     14.2 Genus Bufoides Pillai & Yazdani, 1973 [monotypic]
                                                                                                     14.3 Genus Ghatophryne Biju, Van Bocxlaer, Giri, Loader & Bossuyt, 2009
                                                                                                     15.1 Genus Pelophryne Barbour, 1938
                                                                                                     15.2 Genus Parapelophryne Fei, Ye & Jiang, 2003 [monotypic]
                                                                                                     16 Genus Rhinella Fitzinger, 1826
                                                                                                     17 Genus Ingerophrynus Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green & Wheeler, 2006
                                                                                                     18 Genus Epidalea Cope, 1864 [monotypic]
                                                                                                     19 Genus Pseudepidalea Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green & Wheeler, 2006
                                                                                                     20 Genus Duttaphrynus Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green & Wheeler, 2006
                                                                                                     21 Genus Peltophryne Fitzinger, 1843
                                                                                                     22 Genus Schismaderma Smith, 1849 [monotypic]
                                                                                                     23 Genus Bufo Garsault, 1764
                                                                                                     24 Genus Capensibufo Grandison, 1980
                                                                                                     25 Genus Vandijkophrynus Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green & Wheeler, 2006
                                                                                                     26 Genus Mertensophryne Tihen, 1960
                                                                                                     27 Genus Poyntonophrynus Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green & Wheeler, 2006
                                                                                                     28 Genus Amietophrynus Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green & Wheeler, 2006
                                                                                                     29 Genus Nannophryne Günther, 1870
                                                                                                     30 Genus Anaxyrus Tschudi, 1845
                                                                                                     31 Genus Incilius Cope, 1863
                                                                                                     32 Genus Adenomus Cope, 1861
                                                                                                     33 Genus Altiphrynoides Dubois, 1987
                                                                                                     34 Genus Andinophryne Hoogmoed, 1985
                                                                                                     35 Genus Churamiti Channing & Stanley, 2002 [monotypic]
                                                                                                     36 Genus Crepidophryne Cope, 1889
                                                                                                     37 Genus Frostius Cannatella, 1986
                                                                                                     38 Genus Laurentophryne Tihen, 1960 [monotypic]
                                                                                                     39 Genus Leptophryne Fitzinger, 1843
                                                                                                     40 Genus Metaphryniscus Señaris, Ayarzagüena & Gorzula, 1994 [monotypic]
                                                                                                     41 Genus Oreophrynella Boulenger, 1895
                                                                                                     42 Genus Pseudobufo Tschudi, 1838 [monotypic]
                                                                                                     43 Genus Truebella Graybeal & Cannatella, 1995
                                                                                                     44 Genus Xanthophryne Biju, Van Bocxlaer, Giri, Loader & Bossuyt, 2009

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Last updated: 28 Feb 2021