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Paraphyletic taxon: Class †Synapsida Osborn, 1903 (reptile)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
   actualia - actual entities
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
       naturalia - natural bodies
         [crown] Clade Biota Wagner 2004 [Wiemann, de Queiroz, Rowe, Planavsky, Anderson, Gogarten, Turner & Gauthier 2020]
           Clade "neomura" Cavalier-Smith 1987
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
               Clade neokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 1993 - mitochondrial eukaryotes
                 Clade neozoa Cavalier-Smith 1993
                   Clade scotokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 2000
                     Clade podiates Cavalier-Smith 2012
                       [crown] Clade Amorphea Adl et al. 2012
                         [crown] Clade Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith 1987
                           Superkingdom Holozoa Lang, O'Kelly, Nerad, Gray & Burger, 2002
                             Clade filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith 2008
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                                 Clade Planulozoa Wallberg, Thollesson, Farris & Jondelius 2004
                                   Subkingdom Bilateria Hatschek, 1888 - bilaterians
                                     Clade Nephrozoa Jondelius, Ruiz-Trillo, Baguñà & Riutort 2002
                                       Infrakingdom Deuterostomia Grobben, 1908
                                         Phylum Chordata Bateson, 1885 - chordates
                                           Subphylum Vertebrata Cuvier, 1812 - vertebrates
                                             Myopterygii - myopterygians
                                               Superclass Gnathostomata Gegenbaur, 1874 - jawed vertebrates
                                                 Grade Teleostomi Bonaparte, 1836
                                                   Euteleostomi - bony vertebrates
                                                     Clade Sarcopterygii Romer, 1955
                                                       [crown] Rhipidistia Cope, 1887
                                                         Clade Tetrapodomorpha Ahlberg, 1991
                                                           Clade Osteolepidimorpha
                                                             Clade Tetrapoda Goodrich, 1930
                                                               [crown] Clade Neotetrapoda
                                                                 Clade Reptiliomorpha Säve-Söderbergh, 1934
                                                                   Batrachosauria
                                                                     [Series Amniota Haeckel, 1866] see [unranked] Amniota Haeckel, 1866
                                                                       [Class †Synapsida Osborn, 1903 [paraphyletic]] see [unranked] Synapsida Osborn, 1903
                                                                         2.1 [Suborder †Caseasauria Williston, 1912] see [unranked] Caseasauria Williston, 1912
                                                                         2.2.2.2 [Order †Therapsida Broom, 1905 [paraphyletic]] see [unranked] Therapsida Broom, 1905

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Last updated: 4 Aug 2022