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Period: Middle Devonian
  • Details
 Topic: 

Period: 398 million to 385 million years ago.

Fishes (10)

Upper limit:

Atlantidosteus (Genus) H. Lelièvre, 1984

Entire range:

Atlantidosteus pacifica G.C. Young, 2003

Glyptolepis (Genus)

Livoniana (Genus) P. Ahlberg et al., 2000

Livoniana multidentata P. Ahlberg et al., 2000

Lower limit:

Coelacanthiformes (Order) Jarvik, 1942 - coelacanths

Strunius (Genus) Jessen, 1966

Within limits:

Chimaeridae (Family) Rafinesque, 1815 - shortnose chimaeras

Conodonta (Superclass) Eichenberg, 1930 - conodonts

Hibbardellina (Order)

Vertebrates (1)

Within limits:

Vertebrata (Subphylum) Cuvier, 1812 - vertebrates

Echinoderms (23)

Upper limit:

Cyclocystoidea (Class)

Homalozoa (Subphylum) Whitehouse, 1941

Stylophora (Class) Gill & Caster, 1960 - stylophorans

Entire range:

Devonaster (Genus) Schuchert, 1915

Encrinaster (Genus) Haeckel, 1866

Heteroschisma (Genus) Wachsmuth, 1883

Placoblastus (Genus) Fay, 1961

Within limits:

Asteroidea (Class) - sea stars

Blastoidea (Class)

Camerates (Subclass)

Crinoidea (Class) - sea lilies and feather stars

Echinocystitoida (Order)

Echinodermata (Phylum) Bruguière, 1789 - echinoderms

Echinoidea (Class) - sea urchins and sand dollars

Edrioasteroidea (Class)

Flexibles (Subclass)

Holothuroidea (Class) - sea cucumbers

Inadunates (Subclass)

Ophiocistioidea (Class)

Ophiuroidea (Class) - brittle stars and basket stars

Palaechinoida (Order)

Platyasterida (Order)

Rhombifera (Class)

Insects (3)

Lower limit:

Archaeognatha (Order) - bristletails

Within limits:

Insecta (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 - insects

Pterygota (Infraclass)

Crustaceans (12)

Entire range:

Treposella (Genus) Ulrich & Bassler, 1908

Within limits:

Bairdia (Genus) McCoy, 1844

Branchiopoda (Class) Latreille, 1817 - branchiopods

Cephalocarida (Class) H.L. Sanders, 1955 - cephalocarids

Lepadomorpha (Suborder) Pilsbry, 1916

Malacostraca (Class) Latreille, 1802

Myodocopida (Order) Sars, 1866

Ostracoda (Class) Latreille, 1802 - ostracods

Peracarida (Superorder) Calman, 1904

Phyllocarida (Subclass) Packard, 1879 - leptostracans

Platycopida (Order) Sars, 1866

Podocopida (Order) (Sars, 1866) G.W. Müller, 1894

Mites (1)

Within limits:

Eupodidae (Family) Koch, 1842

Arachnids (7)

Within limits:

Arachnida (Class) Cuvier, 1812

Opiliones (Order) Sundevall, 1833 - harvestmen

Phalangiotarbida (Order) Haase, 1890

Pseudoscorpiones (Order) De Geer, 1778

Scorpiones (Order) C.L. Koch, 1837 - scorpions

Trigonotarbida (Order) Petrunkevitch, 1949

Uraraneida (Order) Selden & Shear, 2008

Arthropods (18)

Upper limit:

Lichidae (Family)

Styginidae (Family)

Entire range:

Ceratarges (Genus) Gürich, 1901

Ceratarges armatus (Goldfuss, 1839)

Ceratarges armatus armatus (Goldfuss, 1839)

Devonobiomorpha (Order) (Shear & Bonamo, 1988)

Scutellum (Genus) Pusch, 1833

Scutellum (Subgenus)

Scutellum costatum Pusch, 1833

Lower limit:

Hexapoda (Superclass) Latreille, 1825

Within limits:

Arthropoda (Phylum) von Siebold, 1848 - arthropods

Chelicerata (Superclass)

Collembola (Order) Lubbock, 1870 - springtails

Entognatha (Class)

Pantopoda (Order) Gerstäcker, 1863

Progoneata ([unranked])

Xiphosura (Class) Latreille, 1802 - horseshoe crabs

Xiphosurida (Order) Latreille, 1802

Molluscs (29)

Upper limit:

Cyrtonellida (Order) Horny, 1963

Entire range:

Bigalea (Genus) Pojeta & Runnegar, 1976

Cimitaria (Genus) Hall, 1869

Grammysia (Genus) de Verneuil, 1847

Liromytilus (Genus)

Nuculites (Genus) Conrad, 1841

Orthonota (Genus) Conrad, 1841

Paracyclas (Genus) Hall, 1843

Tanaodon (Genus) Kirk, 1927

Lower limit:

Conocardium (Genus) Bronn, 1834

Within limits:

Actinoceratoidea (Subclass)

Ammonoidea (Subclass)

Bactritoidea (Subclass)

Bivalvia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 - bivalves

Bransonia (Genus) Pojeta & Runnegar, 1976

Cephalopoda (Class) Cuvier, 1795 - cephalopods

Coleoidea (Subclass) Bather, 1888

Conocardioida (Order) Neumayr, 1891

Gastropoda (Class) Cuvier, 1795 - snails and slugs

Hippocardia (Genus) Brown, 1843

Hyolithida (Order) Matthew, 1899

Mollusca (Phylum) Linnaeus, 1758 - molluscs

Murchisonia (Genus)

Nautiloidea (Subclass) Agassiz, 1847

Nautilus (Genus) Linnaeus, 1758

Patellina (Suborder) von Ihering, 1876

Platyceras (Genus) Conrad, 1840

Rostroconchia (Class) Pojeta et al., 1972

Scaphopoda (Class) Bronn, 1862 - tusk shells

Annelids (3)

Within limits:

Annelida (Phylum) Lamarck, 1809 - segmented worms

Polychaeta (Class) Grube, 1850 - polychaetes

Spirorbis (Genus) Daudin, 1800

Sponges (28)

Entire range:

Anostylostroma (Genus) Parks, 1936

Syringostroma (Genus)

Within limits:

Amphidiscophora (Subclass) Schulze, 1886

Amphidiscosida (Order) Schrammen, 1924

Anthaspidellidae (Family) Miller, 1889

Astraeospongiidae (Family) Miller, 1889

Astylospongiidae (Family) Zittel, 1877

Calcarea (Class) Bowerbank, 1864 - calcareous sponges

Chiastoclonellidae (Family) Rauff, 1895

Clionaidae (Family) d'Orbigny, 1851

Cnemidiastridae (Family) Schrammen, 1924

Demospongiae (Class) Sollas, 1885 - demosponges

Dictyospongiidae (Family) Hall & Clarke, 1898

Dictyospongioidea (Superfamily) Hall & Clarke, 1899

Dierespongioidea (Superfamily) Rigby & Gutschick 1976

Hadromerida (Order) Topsent, 1894

Haplistiidae (Family) de Laubenfels, 1955

Hexactinellida (Class) Schmidt, 1870 - hexactinellids

Hexasterophora (Subclass) Schulze, 1886

Lyssacinosida (Order) Zittel, 1877

Porifera (Phylum) Grant, 1836 - sponges

Protospongioidea (Superfamily) Hinde, 1887

Reticulosa (Order) Reid, 1958

Rhizomorina (Suborder) Zittel, 1895

Sphaerocladina (Suborder) Schrammen, 1910

Stromatoporoidea (Class) Nicholson & Murie, 1878

Tetracladina (Suborder) Zittel, 1878

Verongida (Order) Bergquist, 1978

Invertebrates (134)

Upper limit:

Clorindoidea (Superfamily)

Davidsoniidina (Suborder)

Davidsonioidea (Superfamily)

Delthyridoidea (Superfamily)

Orthothecida (Order) Marek, 1966

Palaferelloidea (Superfamily)

Plectambonitoidea (Superfamily)

Rhynchospirinoidea (Superfamily)

Entire range:

Actinophyllum (Genus) Phillips, 1848

Alveolites goldfussi Billings

Aulopora (Genus) Goldfuss, 1829

Aulopora serpens Goldfuss

Breviphrentis (Genus) Stumm, 1949

Calceola sandalina Lamark

Cyathocylindrium (Genus) Oliver, 1974

Cylindrophyllum (Genus)

Cystiphyllum conifollis

Enallophrentis (Genus)

Favosites ocellatus (Davis)

Heliophyllum (Genus) Dana, 1848

Pleurodictyum lenticulare Hall

Thamnopora limitaris (Rominger)

Lower limit:

Echinoconchoidea (Superfamily)

Orthotetoidea (Superfamily)

Within limits:

Acrotretida (Order) Kuhn, 1949

Acrotretoidea (Superfamily)

Adolfioidea (Superfamily)

Ambocoelioidea (Superfamily)

Anthozoa (Class) Ehrenberg, 1831

Athyridida (Order)

Athyrididina (Suborder)

Athyridoidea (Superfamily)

Atrypida (Order)

Atrypidina (Suborder)

Atrypoidea (Superfamily)

Brachiopoda (Phylum) Duméril, 1806 - brachiopods

Brachythyridoidea (Superfamily)

Bryozoa (Phylum) Ehrenberg, 1831 - bryozoans

Camarotoechioidea (Superfamily)

Chileata (Class)

Chilidiopsoidea (Superfamily)

Chonetidina (Suborder)

Chonetoidea (Superfamily) Bronn, 1862

Cnidaria (Phylum) Hatschek, 1888 - cnidarians

Conulariida (Order) Miller & Gurley, 1896

Conulata (Class) Moore & Harrington, 1956

Craniata (Class) Williams, Carlson, Brunton, Holmer & Popov, 1996

Craniida (Order) Waagen, 1885

Craniidae (Family) Menke, 1828

Craniiformea (Subphylum) Popov, Bassett, Holmer & Laurie, 1993

Cranioidea (Superfamily) Menke, 1828

Craniopsida (Order) Gorjansky & Popov, 1985

Craniopsidae (Family) Williams, 1963

Craniopsoidea (Superfamily) Williams, 1963

Cryptonelloidea (Superfamily)

Ctenophora (Phylum) Eschscholtz, 1829 - comb jellies

Ctenostomata (Order) Busk, 1852

Cyrtinidina (Suborder)

Cyrtinoidea (Superfamily)

Cyrtospiriferoidea (Superfamily)

Cystoporata (Order)

Dalmanellidina (Suborder)

Dalmanelloidea (Superfamily)

Delthyridina (Suborder)

Dendroidea (Order)

Dictyonellida (Order)

Dielasmatoidea (Superfamily)

Discinidae (Family)

Discinoidea (Superfamily)

Eichwaldioidea (Superfamily)

Enteletoidea (Superfamily)

Eurypterida (Order) Burmeister, 1843 - eurypterids

Graptolithina (Class)

Gymnolaemata (Class)

Gypiduloidea (Superfamily)

Hemichordata (Phylum) Bateson, 1885 - hemichordates

Hydrozoa (Class) Owen, 1843

Hyolithes (Genus) Eichwald, 1840

Lingula (Genus) Bruguière, 1797

Lingulata (Class)

Lingulida (Order) Waagen, 1885

Linguliformea (Subphylum)

Linguloidea (Superfamily) Menke, 1828

Linoproductoidea (Superfamily)

Lissatrypidina (Suborder)

Lissatrypoidea (Superfamily)

Lobopodia (Phylum) Snodgrass, 1938 - lobopodians

Martinioidea (Superfamily)

Meristelloidea (Superfamily)

Michelinia (Genus) Koninck, 1841

Monoplacophora (Class) Odhner, 1940 - monoplacophorans

Nucleospiroidea (Superfamily)

Obolidae (Family)

Orthida (Order) Schuchert & Cooper, 1932

Orthotetida (Order)

Orthotetidina (Suborder)

Pentamerida (Order)

Pentameridina (Suborder)

Polyplacophora (Class) Blainville, 1816 - chitons

Productida (Order)

Productidina (Suborder)

Productoidea (Superfamily)

Protorthida (Order)

Pterobranchia (Class) - pterobranchs

Pugnacoidea (Superfamily)

Pycnogonida (Class) Latreille, 1810 - pycnogonids

Reticularioidea (Superfamily) Waagen, 1883

Retziidina (Suborder)

Retzioidea (Superfamily)

Rhynchonellata (Class)

Rhynchonellida (Order)

Rhynchonelliformea (Subphylum)

Rhynchotrematoidea (Superfamily)

Rugosa (Order) Milne-Edwards & Haime, 1850

Scyphozoa (Class) - jellyfish

Skenidioidea (Superfamily) Kozlowski, 1929

Spiriferida (Order) Waagen, 1883

Spiriferidina (Suborder) Waagen, 1883

Spiriferinida (Order)

Stenolaemata (Class)

Stenoscismatoidea (Superfamily)

Strophalosiidina (Suborder)

Strophalosioidea (Superfamily)

Strophomenata (Class)

Strophomenida (Order) Opik, 1934

Strophomenoidea (Superfamily)

Tabulata (Order)

Terebratulida (Order)

Terebratulidina (Suborder)

Theodossioidea (Superfamily)

Trepostomata (Order) Ulrich, 1882

Tubuliporata (Order)

Uncinuloidea (Superfamily)

Zoantharia (Subclass)

Animals (2)

Within limits:

Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 - animals

Chordata (Phylum) Bateson, 1885 - chordates

Fungi (2)

Within limits:

Fungi (Kingdom) R.T. Moore (1980) - fungi

Glomeromycota (Phylum) C. Walker & A. Schüßler (2001) - arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi

Plants (14)

Entire range:

Calamophyton primaevum Krausel & Weyland

Cladoxylopsida (Class) - cladoxylopsids

Hyenia (Genus) A.G. Nathorst (1914)

Hyenia complexa Leclercq

Hyenia elegans Krausel & Weyland

Hyeniales (Order)

Wattieza (Genus) Stockmans - Gilboa tree

Wattieza casasii C.M. Berry (2000)

Wattieza givetiana Stockmans

Lower limit:

Aneurophytales (Order)

Within limits:

Barinophytaceae (Family)

Bryophyta (Phylum) A. Braun (1864) - mosses

Plantae (Kingdom) Haeckel (1866) - plants

Protobarinophyton (Genus) A.R. Anan'ev, in L.L. Halfin (1955)

Algae (13)

Upper limit:

Cymatiosphaera multisepta Deunff (1955)

Within limits:

Buedingiisphaeridium (Genus) Schaarschmidt, 1963 emend. Lister, 1970 emend. Sarjeant & Stancliffe, 1994

Charales (Order) Lindley (1836) - charophytes sensu stricto

Charales (Order) Lindley (1836) - stoneworts

Comasphaeridium (Genus) Staplin, Jansonius & Pocock, 1965

Dasycladaceae (Family) Kützing (1843)

Dasycladales (Order) Pascher (1931)

Dorsennidium (Genus) Wicander, 1974

Dorsennidium europaeum (Stockmans & Willière, 1960) Sarjeant & Stancliffe (1994)

Dorsennidium europaeum subsp. europaeum (Stockmans & Willière, 1960) Sarjeant & Stancliffe (1994)

Gorgonisphaeridium (Genus) Staplin, Jansonius & Pocock, 1965

Micrhystridium (Genus) Deflandre, 1937

Multiplicisphaeridium (Genus) Staplin, 1961

Protozoa (25)

Upper limit:

Bursachitina (Genus) Taugourdeau, 1966

Eisenackitina (Genus) Jansonius, 1964

Linochitina (Genus) Eisenack, 1968

Margachitininae (Subfamily) Paris, 1981

Urochitina (Genus) Taugourdeau & de Jekhowsky, 1960

Urochitininae (Subfamily) Paris, 1981

Entire range:

Alpenachitina (Genus) Dunn & Miller, 1964

Alpenachitina eisenacki Dunn & Miller, 1964

Ramochitina ramosi Sommer & van Boekel, 1964

Within limits:

Acritarcha (Group) Evitt, 1963 - acritarchs

Ancyrochitina (Genus) Eisenack, 1955

Ancyrochitininae (Subfamily) Paris, 1981

Angochitininae (Subfamily) Paris, 1981

Chitinozoa Eisenack, 1931 - chitinozoans

Cyathochitininae (Subfamily) Paris, 1981

Desmochitinidae (Family) Eisenack, 1931

Desmochitininae (Subfamily) Eisenack, 1931

Fungochitina (Genus) Taugourdeau, 1966

Lagenochitina (Genus) Eisenack, 1931

Lagenochitinidae (Family) Eisenack, 1931

Lagenochitininae (Subfamily) Eisenack, 1931

Operculatifera (Order) Eisenack, 1931

Paleodictyon (Genus) Menghini, 1850

Prosomatifera (Order) Eisenack, 1972

Spirotrichea (Class) Bütschli, 1889

Eukaryotes (1)

Within limits:

Eukaryota (Domain) Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes

Prokaryotes (1)

Within limits:

Cyanobacteria (Phylum) (ex Stanier 1974) Cavalier-Smith 2002 - cyanobacteria

Organisms (1)

Within limits:

Biota ([unranked])

Geological regions (50)

Within limits:

Aldan Shield (Geologic province)

Anabar Shield ([unranked])

Arabian-Nubian Shield ([unranked])

Baikal Fold Belt ([unranked])

Baltic Shield ([unranked])

Cameroon N'tem Complex ([unranked])

Central Africa Craton ([unranked])

Chaillu Craton ([unranked])

Committee Bay Block ([unranked])

Congo Craton ([unranked])

Ethiopian Block ([unranked])

Euramerica ([unranked])

Gondwana ([unranked]) E. Suess, 1861

Greenland Shield (Geologic province)

Guapore Craton ([unranked])

Guiana Shield ([unranked])

Indian Shield (Geologic province)

Kaapvaal Craton ([unranked])

Kaminak Group ([unranked])

Kasaï Craton ([unranked])

Labrador Shield ([unranked])

Litchfield Complex ([unranked])

Luis Alves Massif ([unranked])

Madagascar Craton ([unranked])

Man Shield ([unranked])

Nanambu Complex ([unranked])

Pilbara Block (Geologic province)

Reguibat Shield ([unranked])

Rio de la Plata Craton ([unranked])

Rio de la Plata Massif ([unranked])

Rul Jungle Complex ([unranked])

São Francisco Craton ([unranked])

Sayan Fold Belt ([unranked])

Scottish Shield ([unranked])

Sebakwe Proto-Craton ([unranked])

Slave Craton ([unranked])

Slave Province ([unranked])

Superior Craton ([unranked])

Superior Province ([unranked])

Tanzanian Craton ([unranked])

Tarim Craton ([unranked])

Tuareg Shield ([unranked])

Ukrainian Shield (Geologic province)

West African Craton ([unranked])

Wyoming Province ([unranked])

Yangtze Craton ([unranked])

Yienisei Fold Belt ([unranked])

Yilgarn Block (Geologic province)

Zambian Block ([unranked])

Zimbabwe Craton ([unranked])

Geological entities (2)

Within limits:

Napier Complex ([unranked]) (Antarctica)

Proto-Tethys Ocean ([unranked])

Links

http://www.palaeos.com/Paleozoic/Devonian/MidDev.html

©2004-2019 Universal Taxonomic Services
Last updated: 15 Jul 2019