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Period: Late Ordovician
  • Details
 Topic: 

Period: 461 million to 444 million years ago.

Fishes (5)

Entire range:

Arandaspida (Subclass)

Astraspida (Subclass)

Within limits:

Conodonta (Superclass) Eichenberg, 1930 - conodonts

Distacodontina (Order)

Hibbardellina (Order)

Vertebrates (2)

Within limits:

Thelodonti (Superclass) - thelodonts

Vertebrata (Subphylum) Cuvier, 1812 - vertebrates

Echinoderms (30)

Entire range:

Carneyella (Genus) Foerste, 1916

Cothurnocystis (Genus) Bather, 1913

Ectenocrinus (Genus) Miller, 1889

Enoploura (Genus) Wetherby, 1879

Glyptocrinus (Genus)

Iowacystis (Genus) Thomas & Ladd, 1926

Salteraster (Genus) Stürtz, 1893

Streptaster (Genus) Hall, 1872

Lower limit:

Echinocystitoida (Order)

Echinoidea (Class) - sea urchins and sand dollars

Within limits:

Asteroidea (Class) - sea stars

Blastoidea (Class)

Camerates (Subclass)

Crinoidea (Class) - sea lilies and feather stars

Cyclocystoidea (Class)

Diploporita (Class)

Echinodermata (Phylum) Bruguière, 1789 - echinoderms

Edrioasteroidea (Class)

Eocrinoidea (Class)

Flexibles (Subclass)

Holothuroidea (Class) - sea cucumbers

Homalozoa (Subphylum) Whitehouse, 1941

Homoiostelea (Class) Gill & Caster, 1960

Inadunates (Subclass)

Ophiocistioidea (Class)

Ophiuroidea (Class) - brittle stars and basket stars

Paracrinoidea (Class)

Platyasterida (Order)

Rhombifera (Class)

Stylophora (Class) Gill & Caster, 1960 - stylophorans

Crustaceans (11)

Within limits:

Bairdia (Genus) McCoy, 1844

Branchiopoda (Class) Latreille, 1817 - branchiopods

Cephalocarida (Class) H.L. Sanders, 1955 - cephalocarids

Eurychilinidae (Family)

Leperditicopida (Order) Scott, 1961

Malacostraca (Class) Latreille, 1802

Myodocopida (Order) Sars, 1866

Ostracoda (Class) Latreille, 1802 - ostracods

Phyllocarida (Subclass) Packard, 1879 - leptostracans

Platycopida (Order) Sars, 1866

Podocopida (Order) (Sars, 1866) G.W. Müller, 1894

Arthropods (26)

Upper limit:

Agnostida (Order) Salter, 1864

Entire range:

Flexicalymene (Genus) Shirley, 1936

Isotelus (Genus) DeKay, 1824

Selenopeltidae (Family)

Selenopeltis (Genus) Hawle & Corda, 1847

Selenopeltis buchii (Barrande, 1846)

Sphaeragnostus (Genus) Cooper & Kindle, 1936

Stygina (Genus) Salter, 1853

Stygina latifrons (Portlock, 1843)

Lower limit:

Calymenina (Suborder)

Calymenoidea (Superfamily)

Odontopleuroidea (Superfamily)

Styginidae (Family)

Within limits:

Arthropoda (Phylum) von Siebold, 1848 - arthropods

Chasmataspidida (Order) Caster & Brooks, 1956

Cheirurina (Suborder)

Cheiruroidea (Superfamily)

Chelicerata (Superclass)

Lichidae (Family)

Naraoia (Genus) Walcott, 1912

Naraoiidae (Family) Walcott, 1912

Nektaspida (Order) Raymond, 1920 - nektaspids

Phacopida (Order) Salter, 1864

Progoneata ([unranked])

Xiphosura (Class) Latreille, 1802 - horseshoe crabs

Xiphosurida (Order) Latreille, 1802

Molluscs (37)

Upper limit:

Cuneamya (Genus) Hall & Whitfield, 1875

Ischyrinia (Genus) Billings, 1866

Lyrodesma (Genus) Conrad, 1841

Pinnocaris (Genus)

Technophorus (Genus) Miller, 1889

Entire range:

Ambonychia (Genus) Hall, 1847

Ambonychia cultrata

Ambonychia suberecta

Ambonychia ulrichi

Anomalodonta (Genus) Miller, 1874

Caritodens (Genus) Foerste, 1910

Corallidomus (Genus) Whitfield, 1893

Cycloconcha (Genus) Miller, 1874

Cymatonota (Genus) Ulrich, 1893

Modiolopsis (Genus) Hall, 1847

Opisthoptera (Genus) Meek, 1872

Rhytimya (Genus) Ulrich, 1893

Similodonta (Genus) Soot-Ryen, 1965

Within limits:

Actinoceratoidea (Subclass)

Bivalvia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 - bivalves

Bransonia (Genus) Pojeta & Runnegar, 1976

Cephalopoda (Class) Cuvier, 1795 - cephalopods

Conocardioida (Order) Neumayr, 1891

Cyclonema (Genus) Hall, 1852

Cyrtonellida (Order) Horny, 1963

Endoceratoidea (Subclass)

Gastropoda (Class) Cuvier, 1795 - snails and slugs

Hippocardia (Genus) Brown, 1843

Hyolithida (Order) Matthew, 1899

Mimospira (Genus) Perner, 1925

Mollusca (Phylum) Linnaeus, 1758 - molluscs

Nautiloidea (Subclass) Agassiz, 1847

Nautilus (Genus) Linnaeus, 1758

Onychochilina (Suborder)

Ribeirioida (Order) Kobayashi, 1933

Rostroconchia (Class) Pojeta et al., 1972

Scaphopoda (Class) Bronn, 1862 - tusk shells

Annelids (2)

Within limits:

Annelida (Phylum) Lamarck, 1809 - segmented worms

Polychaeta (Class) Grube, 1850 - polychaetes

Sponges (33)

Upper limit:

Hintzespongiidae (Family) Finks, 1983

Hintzespongioidea (Superfamily) Finks, 1983

Within limits:

Amphidiscophora (Subclass) Schulze, 1886

Amphidiscosida (Order) Schrammen, 1924

Anthaspidellidae (Family) Miller, 1889

Astraeospongiidae (Family) Miller, 1889

Astylospongiidae (Family) Zittel, 1877

Brachiospongiidae (Family) Beecher, 1889

Calcarea (Class) Bowerbank, 1864 - calcareous sponges

Chiastoclonellidae (Family) Rauff, 1895

Choiidae (Family) de Laubenfels, 1955

Clionaidae (Family) d'Orbigny, 1851

Cnemidiastridae (Family) Schrammen, 1924

Demospongiae (Class) Sollas, 1885 - demosponges

Dictyospongiidae (Family) Hall & Clarke, 1898

Dictyospongioidea (Superfamily) Hall & Clarke, 1899

Dierespongioidea (Superfamily) Rigby & Gutschick 1976

Hadromerida (Order) Topsent, 1894

Haplistiidae (Family) de Laubenfels, 1955

Hexactinellida (Class) Schmidt, 1870 - hexactinellids

Hexasterophora (Subclass) Schulze, 1886

Lyssacinosida (Order) Zittel, 1877

Piraniidae (Family) de Laubenfels, 1955

Porifera (Phylum) Grant, 1836 - sponges

Protospongiidae (Family) Hinde, 1887

Protospongioidea (Superfamily) Hinde, 1887

Reticulosa (Order) Reid, 1958

Rhizomorina (Suborder) Zittel, 1895

Sphaerocladina (Suborder) Schrammen, 1910

Stromatopora (Genus) Goldfuss, 1826

Stromatoporoidea (Class) Nicholson & Murie, 1878

Tetracladina (Suborder) Zittel, 1878

Verongida (Order) Bergquist, 1978

Invertebrates (123)

Upper limit:

Billingsellida (Order)

Paterinata (Class)

Paterinida (Order)

Paterinoidea (Superfamily)

Siphonotretida (Order)

Siphonotretidae (Family)

Siphonotretoidea (Superfamily)

Entire range:

Calapoecia (Genus) Billings, 1865

Calapoecia ragi (Davis)

Favisitina (Genus)

Favistella alveolata

Foerstephyllum (Genus)

Jifarahpora (Genus) Buttler et al., 2007

Jifarahpora libyensis Buttler et al., 2007

Protoscolex (Genus) Ulrich, 1878

Lower limit:

Athyridida (Order)

Athyrididina (Suborder)

Atrypidina (Suborder)

Atrypoidea (Superfamily)

Chilidiopsoidea (Superfamily)

Chonetidina (Suborder)

Chonetoidea (Superfamily) Bronn, 1862

Ctenostomata (Order) Busk, 1852

Cyrtioidea (Superfamily) Fredericks, 1919

Dictyonellida (Order)

Eichwaldioidea (Superfamily)

Gymnolaemata (Class)

Meristelloidea (Superfamily)

Nucleospiroidea (Superfamily)

Pentameridina (Suborder)

Pentameroidea (Superfamily)

Rhynchotrematoidea (Superfamily)

Spiriferida (Order) Waagen, 1883

Spiriferidina (Suborder) Waagen, 1883

Tetradium (Genus) Dana, 1841

Within limits:

Acrotretida (Order) Kuhn, 1949

Acrotretoidea (Superfamily)

Anazygidina (Suborder)

Anazygoidea (Superfamily)

Ancistrorhynchoidea (Superfamily)

Anthozoa (Class) Ehrenberg, 1831

Atrypida (Order)

Brachiopoda (Phylum) Duméril, 1806 - brachiopods

Bryozoa (Phylum) Ehrenberg, 1831 - bryozoans

Camerelloidea (Superfamily)

Chileata (Class)

Climacograptus (Genus)

Cnidaria (Phylum) Hatschek, 1888 - cnidarians

Conulariida (Order) Miller & Gurley, 1896

Conulata (Class) Moore & Harrington, 1956

Craniata (Class) Williams, Carlson, Brunton, Holmer & Popov, 1996

Craniida (Order) Waagen, 1885

Craniidae (Family) Menke, 1828

Craniiformea (Subphylum) Popov, Bassett, Holmer & Laurie, 1993

Cranioidea (Superfamily) Menke, 1828

Craniopsida (Order) Gorjansky & Popov, 1985

Craniopsidae (Family) Williams, 1963

Craniopsoidea (Superfamily) Williams, 1963

Crustoidea (Order)

Ctenophora (Phylum) Eschscholtz, 1829 - comb jellies

Cystoporata (Order)

Dalmanellidina (Suborder)

Dalmanelloidea (Superfamily)

Dendroidea (Order)

Discinidae (Family)

Discinoidea (Superfamily)

Enteletoidea (Superfamily)

Eurypterida (Order) Burmeister, 1843 - eurypterids

Glyptograptus (Genus) Lapworth, 1873

Glyptorthis (Genus) Foerste, 1912

Graptolithina (Class)

Graptoloidea (Order)

Heliolitida (Order)

Hemichordata (Phylum) Bateson, 1885 - hemichordates

Hydrozoa (Class) Owen, 1843

Hyolithes (Genus) Eichwald, 1840

Lingulata (Class)

Lingulida (Order) Waagen, 1885

Linguliformea (Subphylum)

Linguloidea (Superfamily) Menke, 1828

Lissatrypidina (Suborder)

Lissatrypoidea (Superfamily)

Lobopodia (Phylum) Snodgrass, 1938 - lobopodians

Monoplacophora (Class) Odhner, 1940 - monoplacophorans

Obolidae (Family)

Orthida (Order) Schuchert & Cooper, 1932

Orthidina (Suborder)

Orthoidea (Superfamily)

Orthotetida (Order)

Orthotetidina (Suborder)

Orthotheca (Genus)

Orthothecida (Order) Marek, 1966

Pentamerida (Order)

Platystrophia (Genus) King, 1850

Plectambonitoidea (Superfamily)

Plectorthoidea (Superfamily)

Polyplacophora (Class) Blainville, 1816 - chitons

Porambonitoidea (Superfamily)

Protorthida (Order)

Pterobranchia (Class) - pterobranchs

Punctatrypoidea (Superfamily)

Pycnogonida (Class) Latreille, 1810 - pycnogonids

Rhynchonellata (Class)

Rhynchonellida (Order)

Rhynchonelliformea (Subphylum)

Rostricellula (Genus) Ulrich & Cooper, 1942

Rugosa (Order) Milne-Edwards & Haime, 1850

Scyphozoa (Class) - jellyfish

Skenidioidea (Superfamily) Kozlowski, 1929

Stenolaemata (Class)

Strophomenata (Class)

Strophomenida (Order) Opik, 1934

Strophomenoidea (Superfamily)

Syntrophiidina (Suborder)

Tabulata (Order)

Trepostomata (Order) Ulrich, 1882

Trimerellida (Order)

Trimerelloidea (Superfamily)

Triplesiidina (Suborder)

Triplesioidea (Superfamily)

Tuboidea (Order)

Tubuliporata (Order)

Zoantharia (Subclass)

Animals (2)

Within limits:

Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 - animals

Chordata (Phylum) Bateson, 1885 - chordates

Fungi (2)

Lower limit:

Glomeromycota (Phylum) C. Walker & A. Schüßler (2001) - arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi

Within limits:

Fungi (Kingdom) R.T. Moore (1980) - fungi

Plants (1)

Lower limit:

Plantae (Kingdom) Haeckel (1866) - plants

Algae (11)

Lower limit:

Charales (Order) Lindley (1836) - charophytes sensu stricto

Charales (Order) Lindley (1836) - stoneworts

Within limits:

Baltisphaeridium (Genus) Eisenack, 1958 ex Eisenack, 1959

Cymatiosphaera multisepta Deunff (1955)

Dasycladaceae (Family) Kützing (1843)

Dasycladales (Order) Pascher (1931)

Dorsennidium (Genus) Wicander, 1974

Dorsennidium europaeum (Stockmans & Willière, 1960) Sarjeant & Stancliffe (1994)

Dorsennidium europaeum subsp. europaeum (Stockmans & Willière, 1960) Sarjeant & Stancliffe (1994)

Dorsennidium europaeum subsp. wenlockianum (Downie, 1959 ex Wall & Downie, 1963) Sarjeant & Stancliffe (1994)

Leiofusa (Genus) Eisenack, 1938

Protozoa (51)

Upper limit:

Acanthochitina (Genus) Eisenack, 1931

Hercochitina (Genus) Jansonius, 1964

Ordochitina (Genus) Achab, Asselin & Soufiane, 1993

Pistillachitina (Genus) Taugourdeau, 1966

Entire range:

Armigutta (Genus) Schallreuter, 1981

Hyalochitina (Genus) Paris & Grahn, 1999

Kalochitina (Genus) Jansonius, 1964

Lower limit:

Ancyrochitina (Genus) Eisenack, 1955

Ancyrochitininae (Subfamily) Paris, 1981

Angochitina (Genus) Eisenack, 1931

Angochitininae (Subfamily) Paris, 1981

Fungochitina (Genus) Taugourdeau, 1966

Orbichitininae (Subfamily) Achab, Asselin & Soufiane, 1993

Plectochitina (Genus) Cramer, 1964

Sphaerochitina (Genus) Eisenack,1955

Spinachitina (Genus) Schallreuter, 1963

Spinachitininae (Subfamily) Paris, 1981

Within limits:

Acritarcha (Group) Evitt, 1963 - acritarchs

Armoricochitina (Genus) Paris, 1981

Belonechitina (Genus) Jansonius, 1964

Belonechitininae (Subfamily) Paris, 1981

Bursachitina (Genus) Taugourdeau, 1966

Calpichitina (Genus) Wilson & Hedlund, 1964

Chitinozoa Eisenack, 1931 - chitinozoans

Conochitina (Genus) Eisenack, 1931

Conochitinidae (Family) Eisenack, 1931

Conochitininae (Subfamily) Eisenack, 1931

Cyathochitina (Genus) Eisenack,1955

Cyathochitininae (Subfamily) Paris, 1981

Desmochitina (Genus) Eisenack, 1931

Desmochitinidae (Family) Eisenack, 1931

Desmochitininae (Subfamily) Eisenack, 1931

Eisenackitina (Genus) Jansonius, 1964

Eisenackitininae (Subfamily) Paris, 1981

Euconochitina (Genus) Taugourdeau, 1966

Lagenochitina (Genus) Eisenack, 1931

Lagenochitinidae (Family) Eisenack, 1931

Lagenochitininae (Subfamily) Eisenack, 1931

Linochitina (Genus) Eisenack, 1968

Margachitininae (Subfamily) Paris, 1981

Operculatifera (Order) Eisenack, 1931

Paleodictyon (Genus) Menghini, 1850

Pogonochitina (Genus) Taugourdeau, 1961

Pogonochitininae (Subfamily) Paris, Grahn, Nestor & Lakova, 1999

Prosomatifera (Order) Eisenack, 1972

Pterochitina (Genus) Eisenack, 1955

Pterochitininae (Subfamily) Paris, 1981

Saharochitina (Genus) Paris & Grahn, 1999

Spirotrichea (Class) Bütschli, 1889

Tanuchitina (Genus) Jansonius, 1964

Tanuchitininae (Subfamily) Paris, 1981

Eukaryotes (1)

Within limits:

Eukaryota (Domain) Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes

Prokaryotes (1)

Within limits:

Cyanobacteria (Phylum) (ex Stanier 1974) Cavalier-Smith 2002 - cyanobacteria

Organisms (1)

Within limits:

Biota ([unranked])

Geological regions (50)

Within limits:

Aldan Shield (Geologic province)

Anabar Shield ([unranked])

Arabian-Nubian Shield ([unranked])

Baikal Fold Belt ([unranked])

Baltic Shield ([unranked])

Cameroon N'tem Complex ([unranked])

Central Africa Craton ([unranked])

Chaillu Craton ([unranked])

Committee Bay Block ([unranked])

Congo Craton ([unranked])

Ethiopian Block ([unranked])

Gondwana ([unranked]) E. Suess, 1861

Greenland Shield (Geologic province)

Guapore Craton ([unranked])

Guiana Shield ([unranked])

Indian Shield (Geologic province)

Kaapvaal Craton ([unranked])

Kaminak Group ([unranked])

Kasaï Craton ([unranked])

Labrador Shield ([unranked])

Laurentia ([unranked])

Litchfield Complex ([unranked])

Luis Alves Massif ([unranked])

Madagascar Craton ([unranked])

Man Shield ([unranked])

Nanambu Complex ([unranked])

Pilbara Block (Geologic province)

Reguibat Shield ([unranked])

Rio de la Plata Craton ([unranked])

Rio de la Plata Massif ([unranked])

Rul Jungle Complex ([unranked])

São Francisco Craton ([unranked])

Sayan Fold Belt ([unranked])

Scottish Shield ([unranked])

Sebakwe Proto-Craton ([unranked])

Slave Craton ([unranked])

Slave Province ([unranked])

Superior Craton ([unranked])

Superior Province ([unranked])

Tanzanian Craton ([unranked])

Tarim Craton ([unranked])

Tuareg Shield ([unranked])

Ukrainian Shield (Geologic province)

West African Craton ([unranked])

Wyoming Province ([unranked])

Yangtze Craton ([unranked])

Yienisei Fold Belt ([unranked])

Yilgarn Block (Geologic province)

Zambian Block ([unranked])

Zimbabwe Craton ([unranked])

Geological entities (4)

Within limits:

Iapetus Ocean ([unranked])

Khanty Ocean ([unranked])

Napier Complex ([unranked]) (Antarctica)

Proto-Tethys Ocean ([unranked])

Links

http://www.palaeos.com/Paleozoic/Ordovician/LateOrd.html

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Last updated: 15 Jul 2019