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Taxon: Phylum Cnidaria Hatschek, 1888 - cnidarians (invertebrate)
 Entity: 

Concise hierarchy

(Kingdom) Animalia

Current position

Planulozoa (Clade) Wallberg, Thollesson, Farris & Jondelius 2004 Ref: G. Giribet & G.D. Edgecombe, 2019: 168 (fig. 1a). [inferred rank]

Alternative positions

Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Z.-Q. Zhang, 2013: 6.
Coelenterata (Subdivision) Hatschek, 1888 Ref: I. Eibl-Eibesfeldt et al., 1975 (1971): 590.
Coelenterata (Infrakingdom) Leuckart, 1847 Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998: 235.
Coelenterata ([unranked]) Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 111.
Eumetazoa ([unranked]) Bütschli, 1910 Ref: E.E. Ruppert et al., 2004: fig. 8.15.
Eumetazoa (Subkingdom) Butschli, 1910 Ref: D.F. Dunn, 1982: 669.
Gastraeozoa ([unranked])
Metazoa (Subkingdom) Haeckel, 1874 Ref: R.C. van Caenegem et al., 1980: 307.
Metazoa (Kingdom) Haeckel, 1874 Ref: E.E. Ruppert et al., 2004: 111.
Metazoa ([unranked]) Haeckel 1874 Ref: M.J. Benton, 2015: fig. 1.6 (G. Edgecombe). [out of scope (coherent)]
N.N. (Subkingdom) Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015b: table 2 (p. 34).
Radiata (Superphylum) Ref: M.J. Costello et al., 2001: 104. [indirect]
Radiata ([unranked]) Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990: 48.
Radiata (Kingdom) (C. Linnaeus, 1758) Ref: E. Möhn, 1984
Radiata (Division) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: T.I. Storer et al., 1979: 319.
Radiata ([unranked]) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz, 1998: 218-223.

Original entries

Anthozoa (Subphylum) Ehrenberg, 1831

Historical positions

Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: T. Rees et al., 2020: table 2 (p. 131).
Planulozoa (Clade) Wallberg, Thollesson, Farris & Jondelius 2004 Ref: G. Giribet & G.D. Edgecombe, 2019: 168 (fig. 1c). [inferred rank]
N.N. (Subkingdom) Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015b: table 2 (p. 34).
Metazoa ([unranked]) Haeckel 1874 Ref: M.J. Benton, 2015: fig. 1.6 (G. Edgecombe). [out of scope (coherent)]
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Z.-Q. Zhang, 2013: 6.
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Z.-Q. Zhang, 2011: 9.
Coelenterata ([unranked]) Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 111.
metazoans ([unranked]) Haeckel 1874 Ref: P. Vickers-Rich et al., 2007: 261.
Eumetazoa ([unranked]) Bütschli, 1910 Ref: E.E. Ruppert et al., 2004: 111-180, figs. 7.75A-B, 8.15.
Radiata ([unranked]) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: J. Baguñà & M. Riutort, 2004: 1052. [inferred rank]
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: A.Yu. Ivantsov & M.A. Fedonkin, 2002: 1126[1226].
fossil marine animal genera (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 47 (TREATISE Part F, 1956; Part F (Suppl. 1), 1981).
Eumetazoa ([unranked]) Bütschli, 1910 Ref: K.J. Peterson & D.J. Eernisse, 2001: 172, [176]; 201.
organisms ([unranked]) Ref: M.J. Costello et al., 2001: 104.
Eumetazoa ([unranked]) Bütschli, 1910 Ref: C. Nielsen, 2001: 59-69, figs. 1.2, 2.5.
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: 2000: 128. [unofficial]
Coelenterata (Infrakingdom) Leuckart, 1847 Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998: table 4 (p. 235).
Radiata ([unranked]) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz, 1998: 218-223.
Eumetazoa ([unranked]) Bütschli, 1910 Ref: C. Nielsen, 1995
metazoans ([unranked]) Haeckel 1874 Ref: S. Bengtson, 1992: table 23.5 (p. 1020).
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990: 211-261; 4.
Radiata ([unranked]) Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990: 48. [alternative position]
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: R.S. Boardman et al., 1987
Radiata (Kingdom) (C. Linnaeus, 1758) Ref: E. Möhn, 1984
Metazoa (Subkingdom) Haeckel, 1874 Ref: R.C. van Caenegem et al., 1980: 307.
Radiata ([unranked]) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz, 1982: 160, 170-173.
Eumetazoa (Subkingdom) Butschli, 1910 Ref: D.F. Dunn, 1982: 669-670.
Radiata (Division) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: T.I. Storer et al., 1979: 319.
Coelenterata (Subdivision) Hatschek, 1888 Ref: I. Eibl-Eibesfeldt et al., 1975 (1971): 590.

Phylogeny

Questionably Paraphyletic/Ancestral (para) Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998: 235.

Number of Subtaxa

2022 Available in Systema Naturae 2000 6c;23o;236f;890g;735s;5ss;8v; †5c;14o;13f;124g;96s
1989-present Systema Naturae 2000 1500g;10,000s; †2500g;4500s
2020 T. Rees et al.: table 2 (p. 131) 9,308*ng;3,780[-6,886]*g; †51.5%g
2013 Z.-Q. Zhang: 6 (incl. footnote 5) 16,383*[10,203]s; †38o;268f;2,713g;6,180s
2011 Z.-Q. Zhang: 9 10,105s
2011 Z.-Q. Zhang: 9 10,105s
2007 B.C. Das 1500g;10,000s; †2500g;4500s
2001 C. Nielsen [4c; †1c]
2000 4c
1998 T. Cavalier-Smith [2sp]
1997 TAMU 1,500g10,000s; †2,500g4,500s
1995 C. Nielsen 8000s
1995 C. Nielsen ~8,000s
1990 R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca 4c;~9,000s
1987 R.S. Boardman et al. 3c
1982 D.F. Dunn 4c;[27o;236f]
1982 L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz 3c[9,500s]
1979 T.I. Storer et al. [3c]
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Last updated: 4 Aug 2022