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Taxon: Phylum Mollusca Linnaeus, 1758 - molluscs (mollusc)
 Entity: 

Concise hierarchy

(Kingdom) Animalia

Current position

Tetraneuralia (Clade) Wanninger 2009 [nom. cl. nov.] Ref: F. Marlétaz et al., 2019: 5 (fig. 3). [inferred rank]

Alternative positions

Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Z.-Q. Zhang, 2011: 10.
Articulata ([unranked]) Ref: C. Nielsen, 2001: fig. 1.2.
Coelomata (Grade) Ref: E.R. Lankester, 1877: 441.
Coelomates (Grade) Hyman, 1951 Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990: 48.
Conchozoa (Superphylum) T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998 Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998: 235. [new position]
Eucoelomata (Section) Ref: T.I. Storer et al., 1979: 322.
Eumetazoa (Subkingdom) Butschli, 1910 Ref: K.J. Boss, 1982: 945.
Eutrochozoa (Superphylum) Ref: K.J. Peterson & D.J. Eernisse, 2001: 172. [inferred rank] [implicit]
Lophotrochozoa (Superphylum) Halanych, Bacheller, Aguinaldo, Liva, Hillis & Lake, 1995 Ref: 06/12/2004
Metazoa (Subkingdom) Haeckel, 1874 Ref: R.C. van Caenegem et al., 1980: 307.
Neotrochozoa ([unranked]) K.J. Peterson & D.J. Eernisse, 2001 Ref: K.J. Peterson & D.J. Eernisse, 2001: 172. [new position]
Protostoma (Series) Ref: L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz, 1982: 206.
protostomes (Clade) Ref: L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz, 1998: 290-293.
Spiralia (Superphylum) Schleip, 1929 Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015b: table 2 (p. 44).
Trochozoa ([unranked]) Beklemischev, 1944 Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 120.

Subsequent positions

Conchozoa (Superphylum) T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998 Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998: 235 [assumed]
Neotrochozoa ([unranked]) K.J. Peterson & D.J. Eernisse, 2001 Ref: K.J. Peterson & D.J. Eernisse, 2001: 172

Original entries

Glossophora (Subphylum) (Lankester, 1889) Cavalier-Smith, 1998

Historical positions

Tetraneuralia (Clade) Wanninger 2009 [nom. cl. nov.] Ref: F. Marlétaz et al., 2019: 5 (fig. 3). [inferred rank]
Spiralia (Superphylum) Schleip, 1929 Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015b: table 2 (p. 44).
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Z.-Q. Zhang, 2011: 10.
Trochozoa ([unranked]) Beklemischev, 1944 Ref: A.J. de Winter et al., 2010: 140; 120.
Trochozoa ([unranked]) Beklemischev, 1944 Ref: E.E. Ruppert et al., 2004: 283-412, figs. 9.26B, 14.14B.
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 76.
Neotrochozoa ([unranked]) K.J. Peterson & D.J. Eernisse, 2001 Ref: K.J. Peterson & D.J. Eernisse, 2001: 172, [176]; 205. [new position]
Articulata ([unranked]) Ref: C. Nielsen, 2001: 147-165, fig. 1.2.
Biota (Clade) Wagner 2004, nom. cl. inval. Ref: P. Bouchet et al., 2001: 181.
Trochozoa ([unranked]) Beklemischev, 1944 Ref: G. Giribet et al., 2000: 551, fig. 4; 544, tab. 1.
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Anonymous, 1998
protostomes (Clade) Ref: L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz, 1998: 290-293.
Conchozoa (Superphylum) T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998 Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998: table 4 (p. 235). [new position]
Articulata ([unranked]) Ref: C. Nielsen, 1995
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Anonymous, 1995
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: M.J. Benton & D.H. Erwin, 1993: [125]. [inferred rank]
Metazoa ([unranked]) Haeckel, 1874 Ref: S. Bengtson, 1992: table 23.5 (p. 1026).
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990: 695-769; 4.
Coelomates (Grade) Hyman, 1951 Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990: 48. [alternative position]
Protostomia ([unranked]) Grobben, 1908 Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990: 118. [alternative position]
Metazoa ([unranked]) Haeckel, 1874 Ref: J. Bergström, 1989: figs. 2, 5.
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: R.S. Boardman et al., 1987
Metazoa (Subkingdom) Haeckel, 1874 Ref: R.C. van Caenegem et al., 1980: 307.
Eumetazoa (Subkingdom) Butschli, 1910 Ref: K.J. Boss, 1982: 945.
Protostoma (Series) Ref: L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz, 1982: 206-209.
Eucoelomata (Section) Ref: T.I. Storer et al., 1979: 322.
Bilateralia (Subdivision) Ref: B. Grzimek, 1973-1975
Coelomata (Grade) Ref: E.R. Lankester, 1877: 441, 448.

Ancestor

Procoelomata (Phylum) Bergström, 1989 Ref: J. Bergström, 1989: fig. 2

Number of Subtaxa

2020 Available in Systema Naturae 2000 8c;44o;611f;4510g;7438s;331ss;1v; ‡46s;4ss; †5c;54o;300f;310g;87s;1v
1989-present Systema Naturae 2000: 24 May 2016 [8c]
2011 Z.-Q. Zhang: 10 117,358s
2010 A.J. de Winter et al.: 140 7[8]c;>115,230s
2008 W.F. Ponder & D.R. Lindberg: 1, 8 7[-8]c;~200,000s
2000 A.H. Scheltema & C. Schander 6281g;110,000s; †8656g;40,400s
1998 T. Cavalier-Smith [2sp]
1997 TAMU 6,281g110,000s; †8,656g40,400s
1995 C. Nielsen 8c~100,000s
1990 R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca 8c;>100,000s; †~60,000s
1987 R.S. Boardman et al. 7c; †1c
1982 K.J. Boss [8c;42o;531f];<50,000s
1982 L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz 7c110,000s
1877 E.R. Lankester: 449 [7c;17o]
©2004-2020 Universal Taxonomic Services
Last updated: 28 Sep 2020