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Taxon: Parvorder Pinnipedia Illiger, 1811 (mammal)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
   actualia - actual entities
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
       naturalia - natural bodies
         [crown] Clade Biota Wagner 2004 [Wiemann, de Queiroz, Rowe, Planavsky, Anderson, Gogarten, Turner & Gauthier 2020]
           Clade "neomura" Cavalier-Smith 1987
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
               Clade neokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 1993 - mitochondrial eukaryotes
                 Clade neozoa Cavalier-Smith 1993
                   Clade scotokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 2000
                     Clade podiates Cavalier-Smith 2012
                       [crown] Clade Amorphea Adl et al. 2012
                         [crown] Clade Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith 1987
                           Superkingdom Holozoa Lang, O'Kelly, Nerad, Gray & Burger, 2002
                             Clade filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith 2008
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                                 Clade Planulozoa Wallberg, Thollesson, Farris & Jondelius 2004
                                   Subkingdom Bilateria Hatschek, 1888 - bilaterians
                                     Clade Nephrozoa Jondelius, Ruiz-Trillo, Baguñà & Riutort 2002
                                       Infrakingdom Deuterostomia Grobben, 1908
                                         Phylum Chordata Bateson, 1885 - chordates
                                           Subphylum Vertebrata Cuvier, 1812 - vertebrates
                                             Myopterygii - myopterygians
                                               Superclass Gnathostomata Gegenbaur, 1874 - jawed vertebrates
                                                 Grade Teleostomi Bonaparte, 1836
                                                   Euteleostomi - bony vertebrates
                                                     Clade Sarcopterygii Romer, 1955
                                                       [crown] Rhipidistia Cope, 1887
                                                         Clade Tetrapodomorpha Ahlberg, 1991
                                                           Clade Osteolepidimorpha
                                                             Clade Tetrapoda Goodrich, 1930
                                                               [crown] Clade Neotetrapoda
                                                                 Clade Reptiliomorpha Säve-Söderbergh, 1934
                                                                   Batrachosauria
                                                                     Clade Amniota Haeckel, 1866 - amniotes
                                                                       Clade Synapsida Osborn, 1903
                                                                         Clade Therapsida Broom, 1905
                                                                           Clade Theriodontia
                                                                             Clade Eutheriodontia
                                                                               Clade Cynodontia Owen 1861 [Gauthier, Kluge & Rowe 1988]
                                                                                 Clade Epicynodontia Hopson & Kitching 2001
                                                                                   Clade Eucynodontia Kemp 1982 [Rowe 1993]
                                                                                     Clade Probainognathia Hopson, 1990
                                                                                       Clade Mammaliamorpha Rowe 1988
                                                                                         Clade Mammaliaformes Rowe 1988
                                                                                           Clade Amphilestheria Gaetano & Rougier 2011
                                                                                             Clade Holotheria Wible, Rougier, Novacek, McKenna & Dashzeveg 1995
                                                                                               [crown] Class Mammalia Linnaeus, 1758 - mammals
                                                                                                 Clade Theriimorpha Rowe 1993
                                                                                                   Clade Theriiformes Rowe 1988
                                                                                                     Clade Trechnotheria McKenna 1975
                                                                                                       Clade Cladotheria McKenna 1975
                                                                                                         Clade Zatheria McKenna 1975
                                                                                                           Clade Prototribosphenida Wible, Rougier, Novacek, McKenna & Dashzeveg 1995
                                                                                                             Clade Boreosphenida Luo, Cifelli & Kielan-Jaworowska 2001
                                                                                                               [crown] Subclass Theria Parker & Haswell, 1897
                                                                                                                 Infraclass Eutheria Gill, 1872
                                                                                                                   [crown] Cohort Placentalia Owen, 1837 - placentals
                                                                                                                     [crown] Magnorder Boreoeutheria Springer & de Jong, 2001
                                                                                                                       [crown] Superorder Laurasiatheria Waddell, Okada & Hasegawa, 1999
                                                                                                                         [crown] Clade Scrotifera Waddell, Cao, Hauf & Hasegawa 1999
                                                                                                                           [crown] Clade Fereuungulata Waddell, Cao, Hauf & Hasegawa 1999
                                                                                                                             [crown] Grandorder Ferae Linnaeus, 1758
                                                                                                                               Clade Carnivoramorpha Wyss & Flynn, 1993
                                                                                                                                 Clade Carnivoraformes Flynn, Finarelli & Spaulding 2010
                                                                                                                                   [crown] Order Carnivora Bowdich, 1821 - carnivores
                                                                                                                                     Suborder Caniformia Kretzoi, 1943
                                                                                                                                       Infraorder Arctoidea Flower, 1869
                                                                                                                                         Parvorder Pinnipedia Illiger, 1811
                                                                                                                                           1 Genus †Plesiocyon Schlosser, 1887
                                                                                                                                           2 Genus †Parictis Scott, 1893
                                                                                                                                           3 Genus †Nothocyon Matthew, 1899
                                                                                                                                           4 Genus †Adelpharctos de Bonis, 1971
                                                                                                                                           5 Genus †Amphicynodon Filhol, 1882
                                                                                                                                           6 Genus †Drassonax Galbreath, 1953
                                                                                                                                           7 Genus †Pachycynodon Schlosser, 1887
                                                                                                                                           8 [plesion] Genus †Puijila Rybczynski, Dawson & Tedford, 2009
                                                                                                                                           9 [stem] Genus †Enaliarctos Mitchell & Tedford, 1973 [paraphyletic]
                                                                                                                                           9.n1 [plesion] Genus †Kolponomos Stirton, 1960
                                                                                                                                           9.n2.1 [plesion] Genus †Pteronarctos Barnes, 1989
                                                                                                                                           9.n2.2.1 [plesion] Genus †Pinnarctidion Barnes, 1979
                                                                                                                                           9.n2.2.2.1 Superfamily Otarioidea Gray, 1825
                                                                                                                                           9.n2.2.2.2 Superfamily Phocoidea Gray, 1821 [monotypic]

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Last updated: 4 Aug 2022