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Under construction
Branch-based clade: Order Pholidota Weber, 1904 - pangolins (mammal)
 Entity: 

Concise hierarchy

(Kingdom) Animalia - (Phylum) Chordata - (Class) Mammalia

Current position

Pholidotamorpha (Clade) Gaudin, Emry & Wible 2009 Ref: T.J. Gaudin et al., 2009: table 1 (p. 277). [implicit]

Alternative positions

Cimolesta (Mirorder) McKenna, 1975 Ref: K.D. Rose, 2006: table 7.1 (p. 95).
Edentata (Cohort) Cuvier, 1798 Ref: R.L. Carroll, 1988: table A-1 (p. 629) (Novacek, 1986). [by reference]
Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: R.L. Carroll, 1988: 648.
Eutheria (Subclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: I. Eibl-Eibesfeldt et al., 1974: 580.
Ferae (Clade) Linnaeus 1758 Ref: H. Nishihara et al., 2006: 9933.
Ferae (Superorder) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: M.J. Benton, 2015: 445.
Ferae (Grandorder) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: G.A. Feldhamer et al., 2020: table 10.1 (p. [226]).
Fereuungulata (Clade) Waddell, Cao, Hauf & Hasegawa 1999 Ref: H. Nishihara et al., 2006: 9929. [excluded]
Laurasiatheria (Superorder) Waddell, Okada & Hasegawa, 1999 Ref: C.J. Burgin et al., 2020: table 2 (p. 27).
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: D.A. Schlitter, 1993: 415.
Pholidotamorpha (Superorder) Gaudin, Emry & Wible, 2009 Ref: T.J. Gaudin et al., 2009: table 1 (p. 277). [new position]
Placentalia (Infraclass) Owen, 1837 Ref: D.E. Wilson & D.M. Reeder, 2011: 59.
Unguiculata (Cohort) Linnaeus, 1766 Ref: G.G. Simpson, 1945
unnamed (Superorder) Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: 403.
Zooamata ([unranked]) Ref: H. Nishihara et al., 2006: 9929. [excluded]

Original position

Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872

Subsequent positions

Pegasoferae (Clade) Nishihara, Hasegawa & Okada 2006 Ref: H. Nishihara et al., 2006: 9933
Pholidotamorpha (Superorder) Gaudin, Emry & Wible, 2009 Ref: T.J. Gaudin et al., 2009: table 1 (p. 277)

Original entries

Eupholidota (Suborder) Gaudin, Emry & Wible, 2009 Ref: T.J. Gaudin et al., 2009

Historical positions

Laurasiatheria (Superorder) Waddell, Okada & Hasegawa, 1999 Ref: C.J. Burgin et al., 2020: table 2 (p. 27).
Ferae (Superorder) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: M.J. Benton, 2015: 445.
Placentalia (Infraclass) Owen, 1837 Ref: D.E. Wilson & D.M. Reeder, 2011: 59.
Pholidotamorpha (Superorder) Gaudin, Emry & Wible, 2009 Ref: T.J. Gaudin et al., 2009: abstract. [new position]
Ferae (Clade) Linnaeus 1758 Ref: H. Nishihara et al., 2006: 9929, 9931, 9933.
Fereuungulata (Clade) Waddell, Cao, Hauf & Hasegawa 1999 Ref: H. Nishihara et al., 2006: 9929. [excluded]
Zooamata ([unranked]) Ref: H. Nishihara et al., 2006: 9929. [excluded]
unnamed (Superorder) Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: 403, box 10.6.
Theria (Subclass) Parker & Haswell, 1897 Ref: D.A. Schlitter, 2005: 530. [implicit]
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: K.D. Rose et al., 2005: table 8.1. [implicit]
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Anonymous, 1995
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: D.A. Schlitter, 1993: 415; 6.
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: G.B. Corbet & J.E. Hill, 1991: 136.
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: R.M. Nowak, 1991
Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: R.L. Carroll, 1988: 648.
Edentata (Cohort) Cuvier, 1798 Ref: R.L. Carroll, 1988: table A-1 (p. 629) (Novacek, 1986). [by reference]
Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: A.S. Romer & T.S. Parsons, 1986: 626.
Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: A.F. DeBlase, 1982: 1035-1036.
Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: T.I. Storer et al., 1979
Eutheria (Subclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: I. Eibl-Eibesfeldt et al., 1974: 580.
Unguiculata (Cohort) Linnaeus, 1766 Ref: G.G. Simpson, 1945

Included, by definition, in node-based clade

Fereuungulata (Clade) Waddell, Cao, Hauf & Hasegawa 1999 Ref: P.J. Waddell et al., 1999b: 50
Ostentoria (Clade) Springer, Murphy, Eizirik, Madsen, Scally, Douady, Teeling, Stanhope, de Jong & O'Brien 2007 Ref: M.S. Springer et al., 2007: table 5 (p. 21 note 5)
Scrotifera (Clade) Waddell, Cao, Hauf & Hasegawa 1999 Ref: P.J. Waddell et al., 1999b: 50
Variamana (Clade) Springer, Murphy, Eizirik, Madsen, Scally, Douady, Teeling, Stanhope, de Jong & O'Brien 2007 Ref: M.S. Springer et al., 2007: table 5 (p. 21 note 4)

Number of Subtaxa

2022 Available in Systema Naturae 2000 1f;3g;8s; †3f;8g;6s
1989-present Systema Naturae 2000: 16 May 2022 [1f;3g;8s; †3f;8g]
2020 C.J. Burgin et al.: table 2 (p. 27) [1f]
2011 D.E. Wilson & D.M. Reeder: 58 1f
2009 T.J. Gaudin et al.: [1f;3g; †2f;6g;6s]
2009 T.J. Gaudin et al.: abstract [1f;3g];8s
2005 K.D. Rose et al.: table 8.1 [1f; †6f]
2005 D.A. Schlitter: 531 [1f;1g;8s;5ss]
2005 K.D. Rose et al.: table 8.1 [1f; †6f]
1993 D.E. Wilson & D.M. Reeder: 6 [1f];1g;7s
1993 D.A. Schlitter [1f];1g;7s
1991 G.B. Corbet & J.E. Hill 1f;[2g;7s]
1988 R.L. Carroll: 648 [1f]
1982 A.F. DeBlase 1f;1g;7s
©2004-2022 Universal Taxonomic Services
Last updated: 4 Aug 2022