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Under construction
Taxon: Phylum Porifera Grant, 1836 - sponges (sponge)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1748: 210; Count: 14k;223p;868c;1524o;9493f;110,766g;256,152s;29,260ss;2109v;35,688;112e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v;7; †5p;74c;523o;2914f;14,902g;5537s;197ss;1v;392;14e
   actualia - actual entities
  Ref: A. Voltolini, 2006: 44 (note 19) [assumed position]; Count: 14k;223p;868c;1524o;9493f;110,766g;256,151s;29,260ss;2109v;35,688;112e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v;7; †5p;74c;523o;2914f;14,902g;5537s;197ss;1v;392;14e
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
    Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 5 [indirect position]; Count: 14k;223p;868c;1524o;9493f;110,766g;256,151s;29,260ss;2109v;35,686;112e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v;7; †5p;74c;523o;2914f;14,902g;5537s;197ss;1v;392;14e
       naturalia - natural bodies
      Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 6 [implicit position]; Count: 8k;223p;868c;1524o;9417f;110,756g;255,727s;29,260ss;2078v;8; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;523o;2914f;14,902g;5537s;197ss;1v
         Biota
        Ref: Count: [p] 6k;223p;393c;1516o;9417f;110,713g;252,500s;29,258ss;2050v;8; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;522o;2914f;14,893g;5497s;197ss;1v
           "neomura"
          Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2002b: 297; Count: 6k;79p;328c;1367o;8973f;107,766g;239,072s;28,857ss;2032v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;522o;2913f;14,886g;5488s;197ss;1v
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
            Ref: P.M. Kirk et al., 2008: 248 [indirect position]; Count: 6k;74p;318c;1348o;8941f;107,639g;238,626s;28,857ss;2032v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;522o;2913f;14,886g;5488s;197ss;1v
               neokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 1993 - mitochondrial eukaryotes
              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013(2012): 116 [inferred position]; Count: 5k;73p;314c;1340o;8935f;107,421g;238,453s;28,850ss;2032v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;522o;2910f;14,792g;5402s;191ss;1v
                 neozoa Cavalier-Smith 1993
                Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013(2012): fig. 2; Count: 5k;72p;308c;1332o;8924f;107,384g;238,398s;28,850ss;2032v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;522o;2910f;14,792g;5402s;191ss;1v
                   scotokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 2000
                  Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [emended diagnosis] [indirect position]; Count: 3k;56p;192c;799o;6937f;85,757g;217,181s;28,321ss;511v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;464o;2487f;11,340g;4306s;97ss;1v
                     podiates Cavalier-Smith 2012 [nom. cl. nov.]
                    Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [new position]; Count: [p] 3k;54p;186c;785o;6901f;85,642g;217,022s;28,321ss;511v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;464o;2487f;11,340g;4306s;97ss;1v
                       Amorphea Adl et al. 2012 [nom. cl. nov.]
                      Ref: S.M. Adl et al., 2012: table 1 (p. 430) [new taxon] [indirect position]; Count: [p] 3k;54p;183c;782o;6896f;85,633g;217,009s;28,321ss;511v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;464o;2487f;11,340g;4306s;97ss;1v
                         Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith 1987
                        Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 98 [indirect position]; Count: [p] 3k;52p;174c;751o;6821f;85,388g;216,548s;28,319ss;507v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;464o;2487f;11,340g;4305s;97ss;1v
                           Superkingdom Holozoa Lang, O'Kelly, Nerad, Gray & Burger, 2002
                          Ref: L. Tedersoo et al., 2018: 154 [implicit position]; Count: [p] 1k;33p;95c;572o;6171f;77,565g;214,166s;28,311ss;483v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;464o;2487f;11,318g;4303s;97ss;1v
                             filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith 2008
                            Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013(2012): 156 [inferred position]; Count: [p] 1k;33p;94c;570o;6164f;77,545g;214,144s;28,311ss;483v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;464o;2487f;11,318g;4303s;97ss;1v
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013(2012): 156 [implicit position]; Count: [p] 33p;91c;566o;6158f;77,489g;214,076s;28,311ss;482v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;464o;2487f;11,318g;4303s;97ss;1v
                                 [plesion] Phylum Porifera Grant, 1836 - sponges
                                Ref: Z.-Q. Zhang, 2011: 9; Count: [g] 4c;26o;138f;710g;365s;15ss;3v; †5c;24o;288f;1277g;223s
                                   Genus †Amorphofungia Fromentel, 1860
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Cribroscyphia de Fromentel, 1860
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Cupulochonia de Fromentel, 1860
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †8s
                                   Genus †Discaelia Fromentel, 1875
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Dischonia Vosmaer, 1885
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †2s
                                   Genus †Discoelia Fromentel, 1861
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †8s
                                   Genus †Etallonia Oppliger, 1915
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Monotheles de Fromentel, 1860
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Peridonella
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Porosmilia
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Porostoma Fromentel, 1860
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Family †Receptaculitidae
                                  Ref: Peripatus, ????: 7 May 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1g;1s
                                   Genus †Siphoneudea Fromentel, 1860
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †2s
                                   Genus †Sparsispongia d'Orbigny, 1849
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †2s
                                   Genus †Spongodiscus Zittel, 1878
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Steneudea
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Stenocoelia Fromentel, 1861
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   01 ?Genus †Drosdovia Sayutina, 1980
                                  Ref: S. Bengtson, 1992: table 23.5 (p. 1017); Count: -
                                   02 ?Genus †Eocoryne Matthew, 1885
                                  Ref: S. Bengtson, 1992: table 23.5 (p. 1017); Count: -
                                   03 ?Genus †Thectardis Clapham, Narbonne, Gehling, Greentree & Anderson, 2004 [monotypic] - triangles
                                  Ref: Sperling et al., 2011: 24 (title) [implicit position]; Count: [†*] †1s
                                   04 ?Genus Placodictyum Schmidt, 1870
                                  Ref: J.N.A. Hooper & R.W.M. van Soest, 2002: 1702; Count: -
                                   05 ?Class †Radiocyatha Debrenne, Termier & Termier, 1970
                                  Ref: B.D. Webby, 2015: liii; Count: †5g
                                   06 Family †Stromatidiidae Finks, 1960, incertae sedis
                                  Ref: R.M. Finks & J.K. Rigby, 2004b: 445; Count: -
                                   07 Family †Tadassiidae Zhuravleva & Pyanovskaya, 1995, incertae sedis
                                  Ref: R.M. Finks & J.K. Rigby, 2004b: 448; Count: †1g
                                   08 Family †Polyactinellidae Mostler, 1985, incertae sedis
                                  Ref: R.M. Finks & J.K. Rigby, 2004d: 758; Count: -
                                   09 Class †Cribricyatha
                                  Ref: B.D. Webby, 2015: liii; Count: -
                                   10 Class †Archaeocyatha Bornemann, 1884
                                  Ref: B.D. Webby, 2015: l; Count: [†g] †6o;119f;309g;2s
                                   11 Silicispongia Schmidt, 1862
                                  Ref: S.M. Adl et al., 2005: 414 [implicit position]; Count: [g] 2c;20o;113f;621g;323s;15ss;3v; †1c;13o;162f;820g;163s
                                   12.1.1 Class †Heteractinida de Laubenfels, 1955
                                  Ref: B.D. Webby, 2015: xlix; Count: †2o
                                   12.1.2 Class Calcarea Bowerbank, 1864 - calcareous sponges
                                  Ref: B.D. Webby, 2015: xlix; Count: [g] 5o;23f;80g;37s; †3o;3f;119g;23s
                                   12.2 Class Homoscleromorpha Dendy, 1905 [monotypic]
                                  Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 36) [Burda, Hilken & Zrzavý, 2015: 60]; Count: [g] 1o;2f;8g;5s; †3g

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Last updated: 20 Dec 2019