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Taxon: Phylum Porifera Grant, 1836 - sponges (sponge)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1748: 210; Count: 12k;97p;819c;1458o;9506f;105,261g;216,548s;24,518ss;2108v;35,623;110e; ‡3o;15f;116g;516s;91ss;1v;7; †6p;79c;484o;2665f;13,438g;4392s;122ss;1v;393
   actualia - actual entities
  Ref: A. Voltolini, 2006: 44 (note 19) [assumed position]; Count: 12k;97p;819c;1458o;9506f;105,261g;216,547s;24,518ss;2108v;35,623;110e; ‡3o;15f;116g;516s;91ss;1v;7; †6p;79c;484o;2665f;13,438g;4392s;122ss;1v;393
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
    Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 5 [indirect position]; Count: 12k;97p;819c;1458o;9506f;105,261g;216,547s;24,518ss;2108v;35,621;110e; ‡3o;15f;116g;516s;91ss;1v;7; †6p;79c;484o;2665f;13,438g;4392s;122ss;1v;393
       naturalia - natural bodies
      Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 6 [implicit position]; Count: 6k;97p;819c;1458o;9430f;105,251g;216,123s;24,518ss;2077v;7; ‡3o;15f;116g;516s;91ss;1v; †6p;79c;484o;2665f;13,438g;4392s;122ss;1v
         Biota
        Ref: Count: [p] 4k;97p;344c;1450o;9430f;105,208g;213,864s;24,516ss;2049v;7; ‡3o;15f;116g;516s;91ss;1v; †6p;79c;483o;2665f;13,429g;4352s;122ss;1v
           "neomura"
          Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2002b: 297; Count: 4k;68p;284c;1312o;9001f;102,380g;200,240s;24,111ss;2031v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;516s;91ss;1v; †6p;79c;483o;2664f;13,422g;4343s;122ss;1v
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
            Ref: P.M. Kirk et al., 2008: 248 [indirect position]; Count: 4k;63p;274c;1292o;8968f;102,256g;199,796s;24,111ss;2031v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;516s;91ss;1v; †6p;79c;483o;2664f;13,422g;4343s;122ss;1v
               "neokaryotes" - mitochondrial eukaryotes
              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 116 [inferred position]; Count: 4k;62p;270c;1284o;8962f;102,038g;199,623s;24,104ss;2031v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;516s;91ss;1v; †6p;79c;483o;2661f;13,328g;4257s;116ss;1v
                 "neozoa"
                Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: fig. 2; Count: 4k;61p;264c;1276o;8951f;102,001g;199,568s;24,104ss;2031v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;516s;91ss;1v; †6p;79c;483o;2661f;13,328g;4257s;116ss;1v
                   "scotokaryotes" Cavalier-Smith, 1999
                  Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [emended diagnosis] [indirect position]; Count: 2k;45p;153c;756o;6982f;80,806g;178,646s;23,580ss;511v; ‡3o;15f;115g;512s;91ss;1v; †6p;74c;436o;2322f;10,608g;3944s;96ss;1v
                     "podiates" Cavalier-Smith, 2013
                    Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [new position]; Count: [p] 2k;43p;147c;742o;6946f;80,691g;178,487s;23,580ss;511v; ‡3o;15f;115g;512s;91ss;1v; †6p;74c;436o;2322f;10,608g;3944s;96ss;1v
                       Amorphea Adl et al., 2012
                      Ref: S.M. Adl et al., 2012: table 1 (p. 430) [new taxon] [indirect position]; Count: [p] 2k;43p;144c;739o;6941f;80,682g;178,474s;23,580ss;511v; ‡3o;15f;115g;512s;91ss;1v; †6p;74c;436o;2322f;10,608g;3944s;96ss;1v
                         Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith, 1987
                        Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 98 [indirect position]; Count: [p] 2k;41p;134c;707o;6866f;80,435g;178,004s;23,578ss;507v; ‡3o;15f;115g;512s;91ss;1v; †6p;74c;436o;2322f;10,608g;3943s;96ss;1v
                           Holozoa
                          Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 101; Count: [p] 1k;34p;92c;547o;6272f;72,764g;176,070s;23,570ss;484v; ‡3o;15f;115g;512s;91ss;1v; †6p;74c;436o;2322f;10,595g;3942s;96ss;1v
                             filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith, 2008
                            Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 156 [inferred position]; Count: 1k;34p;91c;545o;6265f;72,744g;176,048s;23,570ss;484v; ‡3o;15f;115g;512s;91ss;1v; †6p;74c;436o;2322f;10,595g;3942s;96ss;1v
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 156 [implicit position]; Count: 34p;88c;541o;6259f;72,688g;175,980s;23,570ss;483v; ‡3o;15f;115g;512s;91ss;1v; †6p;74c;436o;2322f;10,595g;3942s;96ss;1v
                                 Phylum Porifera Grant, 1836 - sponges
                                Ref: Z.-Q. Zhang, 2011: 9; Count: [g] 4c;27o;140f;729g;362s;15ss;3v; †3c;22o;217f;978g;215s
                                   Genus †Amorphofungia Fromentel, 1860
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Cribroscyphia de Fromentel, 1860
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Cupulochonia de Fromentel, 1860
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †8s
                                   Genus †Discaelia Fromentel, 1875
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Dischonia Vosmaer, 1885
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †2s
                                   Genus †Discoelia Fromentel, 1861
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †8s
                                   Genus †Etallonia Oppliger, 1915
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Monotheles de Fromentel, 1860
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Peridonella
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Porosmilia
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Porostoma Fromentel, 1860
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Family †Receptaculitidae
                                  Ref: Peripatus, ????: 7 May 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1g;1s
                                   Genus †Siphoneudea Fromentel, 1860
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †2s
                                   Genus †Sparsispongia d'Orbigny, 1849
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †2s
                                   Genus †Spongodiscus Zittel, 1878
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Steneudea
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   Genus †Stenocoelia Fromentel, 1861
                                  Ref: 28/11/2004 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                   1 ?Genus †Drosdovia Sayutina, 1980
                                  Ref: S. Bengtson, 1992: table 23.5 (p. 1017); Count: -
                                   2 ?Genus †Eocoryne Matthew, 1885
                                  Ref: S. Bengtson, 1992: table 23.5 (p. 1017); Count: -
                                   3 Genus Placodictyum Schmidt, 1870, incertae sedis
                                  Ref: R.W.M. van Soest et al., 2004-present: [8 Mar 2015]; Count: -
                                   4 Class †Archaeocyatha Bornemann
                                  Ref: J.N.A. Hooper & R.W.M. van Soest, 2002: 1539; Count: [†g] †6o;119f;309g;2s
                                   5.1 Silicispongia Schmidt, 1862
                                  Ref: S.M. Adl et al., 2005: 414 [implicit position]; Count: [g] 2c;21o;115f;640g;320s;15ss;3v; †1c;11o;94f;528g;156s
                                   5.2 Class Homoscleromorpha Lévi, 1973 [monotypic]
                                  Ref: J.N.A. Hooper et al., 2011: 13; Count: [g] 1o;2f;8g;5s; †3g
                                   6.1 Class †Heteractinida de Laubenfels, 1955
                                  Ref: J.N.A. Hooper et al., 2011: 17; Count: †2o
                                   6.2 Class Calcarea Bowerbank, 1864 - calcareous sponges
                                  Ref: J.N.A. Hooper et al., 2011: 16; Count: [g] 5o;23f;80g;37s; †3o;3f;119g;23s

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Last updated: 30 Apr 2016