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Paraphyletic taxon: Class Osteichthyes Huxley, 1880 - bony fishes (fish)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1748: 210
   actualia - actual entities
  Ref: A. Voltolini, 2006: 44 (note 19) [assumed position]
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
    Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 5 [indirect position]
       naturalia - natural bodies
      Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 6 [implicit position]
         Biota
        Ref:
           "neomura"
          Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2002b: 297
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
            Ref: P.M. Kirk et al., 2008: 248 [indirect position]
               "neokaryotes" - mitochondrial eukaryotes
              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 116 [inferred position]
                 "neozoa"
                Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: fig. 2
                   "scotokaryotes" Cavalier-Smith, 1999
                  Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [emended diagnosis] [indirect position]
                     "podiates" Cavalier-Smith, 2013
                    Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [new position]
                       Amorphea Adl et al., 2012
                      Ref: S.M. Adl et al., 2012: table 1 (p. 430) [new taxon] [indirect position]
                         Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith, 1987
                        Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 98 [indirect position]
                           Holozoa
                          Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 101
                             filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith, 2008
                            Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 156 [inferred position]
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 156 [implicit position]
                                 Epitheliozoa Ax, 1996
                                Ref: C. Nielsen, 2001: fig. 2.5
                                   Eumetazoa Bütschli, 1910 - eumetazoans
                                  Ref: C. Nielsen, 2001: fig. 2.5
                                     Bilateria Hatschek, 1888 - bilaterians
                                    Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 111
                                       Eubilateria Ax, 1987
                                      Ref: J. Baguñà & M. Riutort, 2004: 1052 [new taxon]
                                         Superphylum Deuterostomia Grobben, 1908 - deuterostomes
                                        Ref: J.S. Nelson, 2006: 15 [indirect position]
                                           [crown] Phylum Chordata Bateson, 1885 - chordates
                                          Ref: J.S. Nelson, 2006: 15
                                             Subphylum Vertebrata Cuvier, 1812 - vertebrates
                                            Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 280
                                               [Infraphylum Gnathostomata auct. - jawed vertebrates] see Superclass Gnathostomata Zittel, 1879
                                              Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: 390
                                                 [Class Osteichthyes Huxley, 1880 [paraphyletic] - bony fishes] see [unranked] Euteleostomi
                                                Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: 391
                                                   [Order Alepisauriformes]
                                                  Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 311
                                                   Order †Bobasatraniformes
                                                  Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 307
                                                   Order †Cephaloxeniformes
                                                  Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 307
                                                   [Subclass Choanichthyes] see Subclass Sarcopterygii Romer, 1955
                                                  Ref: A.S. Romer & T.S. Parsons, 1986 [informal mention] [indirect position]
                                                   [Subclass Ganoidae]
                                                  Ref: S.A. Neave, [2005]: 22 Jul 2009 [indirect position]
                                                   [Order Megalopiformes]
                                                  Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 309
                                                   [Order "Tetradontiformes"] see Order Tetraodontiformes Berg, 1937
                                                  Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 318
                                                   1 [Subclass †Acanthodii] see Class Acanthodii Owen, 1846
                                                  Ref: T.I. Storer et al., 1979: 680
                                                   1 [Subclass Paleopterygii]
                                                  Ref: 1977
                                                   2 [Subclass Actinopterygii Woodward, 1891 - ray-finned fishes] see Class Actinopterygii Woodward, 1891
                                                  Ref: K.E. Mickle et al., 2009: 626
                                                   2.0 [Subclass "Actinopterygi"] see Subclass Actinopterygii Woodward, 1891
                                                  Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: fig. 7.7 [error]
                                                   2.2.0 [Subclass Brachiopterygii]
                                                  Ref: 1989
                                                   3 [Subclass Sarcopterygii Romer, 1955] see [unranked] Sarcopterygii Romer, 1955
                                                  Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: 393
                                                   3.1.0 [Subclass Dipneusti] see Order Dipnoi Müller, 1844
                                                  Ref: 1989
                                                   3.1.0 [Order Dipteriformes]
                                                  Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 305
                                                   3.2 [Subclass Crossopterygii] see Infraclass Crossopterygii
                                                  Ref: 1977
                                                   3.2.0 [Order Coelocanthiformes]
                                                  Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 305

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Last updated: 30 Apr 2016