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Under construction
Paraphyletic taxon: Class Osteichthyes Huxley, 1880 - bony fishes (fish)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1748: 210; Count: 14k;223p;868c;1524o;9493f;110,766g;256,152s;29,260ss;2109v;35,688;112e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v;7; †5p;74c;523o;2914f;14,902g;5537s;197ss;1v;392;14e
   actualia - actual entities
  Ref: A. Voltolini, 2006: 44 (note 19) [assumed position]; Count: 14k;223p;868c;1524o;9493f;110,766g;256,151s;29,260ss;2109v;35,688;112e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v;7; †5p;74c;523o;2914f;14,902g;5537s;197ss;1v;392;14e
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
    Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 5 [indirect position]; Count: 14k;223p;868c;1524o;9493f;110,766g;256,151s;29,260ss;2109v;35,686;112e; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v;7; †5p;74c;523o;2914f;14,902g;5537s;197ss;1v;392;14e
       naturalia - natural bodies
      Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 6 [implicit position]; Count: 8k;223p;868c;1524o;9417f;110,756g;255,727s;29,260ss;2078v;8; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;523o;2914f;14,902g;5537s;197ss;1v
         Biota
        Ref: Count: [p] 6k;223p;393c;1516o;9417f;110,713g;252,500s;29,258ss;2050v;8; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;522o;2914f;14,893g;5497s;197ss;1v
           "neomura"
          Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2002b: 297; Count: 6k;79p;328c;1367o;8973f;107,766g;239,072s;28,857ss;2032v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;522o;2913f;14,886g;5488s;197ss;1v
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
            Ref: P.M. Kirk et al., 2008: 248 [indirect position]; Count: 6k;74p;318c;1348o;8941f;107,639g;238,626s;28,857ss;2032v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;522o;2913f;14,886g;5488s;197ss;1v
               neokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 1993 - mitochondrial eukaryotes
              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013(2012): 116 [inferred position]; Count: 5k;73p;314c;1340o;8935f;107,421g;238,453s;28,850ss;2032v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;522o;2910f;14,792g;5402s;191ss;1v
                 neozoa Cavalier-Smith 1993
                Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013(2012): fig. 2; Count: 5k;72p;308c;1332o;8924f;107,384g;238,398s;28,850ss;2032v;2; ‡3o;15f;117g;521s;108ss;1v; †5p;74c;522o;2910f;14,792g;5402s;191ss;1v
                   scotokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 2000
                  Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [emended diagnosis] [indirect position]; Count: 3k;56p;192c;799o;6937f;85,757g;217,181s;28,321ss;511v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;464o;2487f;11,340g;4306s;97ss;1v
                     podiates Cavalier-Smith 2012 [nom. cl. nov.]
                    Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [new position]; Count: [p] 3k;54p;186c;785o;6901f;85,642g;217,022s;28,321ss;511v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;464o;2487f;11,340g;4306s;97ss;1v
                       Amorphea Adl et al. 2012 [nom. cl. nov.]
                      Ref: S.M. Adl et al., 2012: table 1 (p. 430) [new taxon] [indirect position]; Count: [p] 3k;54p;183c;782o;6896f;85,633g;217,009s;28,321ss;511v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;464o;2487f;11,340g;4306s;97ss;1v
                         Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith 1987
                        Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 98 [indirect position]; Count: [p] 3k;52p;174c;751o;6821f;85,388g;216,548s;28,319ss;507v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;464o;2487f;11,340g;4305s;97ss;1v
                           Superkingdom Holozoa Lang, O'Kelly, Nerad, Gray & Burger, 2002
                          Ref: L. Tedersoo et al., 2018: 154 [implicit position]; Count: [p] 1k;33p;95c;572o;6171f;77,565g;214,166s;28,311ss;483v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;464o;2487f;11,318g;4303s;97ss;1v
                             filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith 2008
                            Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013(2012): 156 [inferred position]; Count: [p] 1k;33p;94c;570o;6164f;77,545g;214,144s;28,311ss;483v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;464o;2487f;11,318g;4303s;97ss;1v
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013(2012): 156 [implicit position]; Count: [p] 33p;91c;566o;6158f;77,489g;214,076s;28,311ss;482v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †5p;69c;464o;2487f;11,318g;4303s;97ss;1v
                                 Planulozoa Wallberg, Thollesson, Farris & Jondelius 2004 [nom. cl. nov.]
                                Ref: G. Giribet & G.D. Edgecombe, 2019: 168 (fig. 1c) [inferred position]; Count: 31p;85c;531o;5993f;76,726g;213,526s;28,292ss;471v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †3p;60c;435o;2190f;9819g;4047s;97ss;1v
                                   Subkingdom Bilateria Hatschek, 1888 - bilaterians
                                  Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 36) [indirect position]; Count: 29p;79c;508o;5756f;75,834g;212,789s;28,287ss;463v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †3p;55c;421o;2177f;9695g;3951s;97ss;1v
                                     Nephrozoa Jondelius, Ruiz-Trillo, Baguñà & Riutort 2002 [nom. cl. nov.]
                                    Ref: G. Giribet & G.D. Edgecombe, 2019: 168 (fig. 1c) [implicit position]; Count: 28p;77c;506o;5732f;75,748g;212,767s;28,287ss;463v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;517s;108ss;1v; †2p;53c;421o;2174f;9685g;3947s;97ss;1v
                                       Infrakingdom Deuterostomia Grobben, 1908
                                      Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 48) [indirect position]; Count: [p] 3p;18c;190o;1220f;10,472g;61,948s;12,691ss;308v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;413s;100ss;1v; †1p;28c;257o;1121f;7576g;2463s;75ss
                                         Phylum Chordata Bateson, 1885 - chordates
                                        Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 48); Count: 9c;149o;1059f;9924g;61,557s;12,683ss;306v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;413s;100ss;1v; †7c;205o;1100f;7435g;2411s;70ss
                                           Subphylum Vertebrata Cuvier, 1812 - vertebrates
                                          Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 48); Count: [fc] 6c;142o;1035f;9839g;61,403s;12,679ss;306v;1; ‡3o;15f;116g;413s;100ss;1v; †7c;205o;1100f;7430g;2410s;70ss
                                             [Infraphylum Gnathostomata auct. - jawed vertebrates] see Superclass Gnathostomata Zittel, 1879
                                            Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 48); Count: -
                                               [Class Osteichthyes Huxley, 1880 [paraphyletic] - bony fishes] see [unranked] Euteleostomi
                                              Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: 391; Count: †2o
                                                 [Order Alepisauriformes]
                                                Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 311; Count: -
                                                 Order †Bobasatraniformes
                                                Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 307; Count: -
                                                 Order †Cephaloxeniformes
                                                Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 307; Count: -
                                                 [Subclass Choanichthyes] see Subclass Sarcopterygii Romer, 1955
                                                Ref: A.S. Romer & T.S. Parsons, 1986 [informal mention] [indirect position]; Count: -
                                                 [Order Megalopiformes]
                                                Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 309; Count: -
                                                 [Order "Tetradontiformes"] see Order Tetraodontiformes Berg, 1937
                                                Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 318; Count: -
                                                 1 [Subclass †Acanthodii] see Class Acanthodii Owen, 1846
                                                Ref: A.S. Romer & T.S. Parsons, 1986: App. 1 (p. 621); Count: -
                                                 1 [Subclass Paleopterygii]
                                                Ref: 1977; Count: -
                                                 2 [Subclass Actinopterygii Woodward, 1891 - ray-finned fishes] see Class Actinopterygii Woodward, 1891
                                                Ref: K.E. Mickle et al., 2009: 626; Count: -
                                                 2.0 [Subclass "Actinopterygi"] see Subclass Actinopterygii Woodward, 1891
                                                Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: fig. 7.7 [error]; Count: -
                                                 2.2.0 [Subclass Brachiopterygii]
                                                Ref: 1989; Count: -
                                                 3 [Subclass Sarcopterygii Romer, 1955 [paraphyletic]] see [unranked] Sarcopterygii Romer, 1955
                                                Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: 393; Count: 2o;4f;4g;8s;5ss; †5o;22f;48g;31s
                                                 3.1.0 [Subclass Dipneusti] see Order Dipnoi Müller, 1844
                                                Ref: 1989; Count: -
                                                 3.1.0 [Order Dipteriformes]
                                                Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 305; Count: -
                                                 3.2 [Subclass Crossopterygii] see Infraclass Crossopterygii
                                                Ref: 1977; Count: -
                                                 3.2.0 [Order Coelocanthiformes]
                                                Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 305; Count: -

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Last updated: 20 Dec 2019