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Taxon: Genus Sterna Linnaeus, 1758 (bird)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
   actualia - actual entities
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
       naturalia - natural bodies
         Biota
           "neomura"
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
               "neokaryotes" - mitochondrial eukaryotes
                 "neozoa"
                   "scotokaryotes" Cavalier-Smith, 1999
                     "podiates" Cavalier-Smith, 2013
                       Amorphea Adl et al., 2012
                         Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith, 1987
                           Holozoa Lang, O'Kelly, Nerad, Gray & Burger, 2002
                             filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith, 2008
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                                 Epitheliozoa Ax, 1996
                                   Eumetazoa Bütschli, 1910 - eumetazoans
                                     Bilateria Hatschek, 1888 - bilaterians
                                       Superphylum Deuterostomia Grobben, 1908 - deuterostomes
                                         [crown] Phylum Chordata Bateson, 1885 - chordates
                                           Subphylum Vertebrata Cuvier, 1812 - vertebrates
                                             [crown] Myopterygii - myopterygians
                                               Superclass Gnathostomata Zittel, 1879 - jawed vertebrates
                                                 Grade Teleostomi Bonaparte, 1836
                                                   Euteleostomi - bony vertebrates
                                                     Sarcopterygii Romer, 1955
                                                       Rhipidistia Cope, 1887
                                                         Tetrapodomorpha Ahlberg, 1991
                                                           Osteolepidimorpha
                                                             Tetrapoda Goodrich, 1930
                                                               Reptiliomorpha Säve-Söderbergh, 1934
                                                                 Batrachosauria
                                                                   Amniota Haeckel, 1866 - amniotes
                                                                     Class Reptilia Linnaeus, 1758 - reptiles
                                                                       Eureptilia Olson, 1947
                                                                         Romeriida Gauthier, Kluge & Rowe, 1988
                                                                           Clade Diapsida Osborn 1903 [Laurin 1991]
                                                                             Clade Neodiapsida Benton 1985 [Laurin 1991] {Reisz, Modesto & Scott 2011}
                                                                               [crown] Clade Sauria McCartney 1802 [Gauthier, Kluge & Rowe 1988]
                                                                                 Clade Archosauromorpha Huene, 1946 [Gauthier, Kluge & Rowe 1988] {Laurin 1991}
                                                                                   Archosauria Cope, 1869
                                                                                     Avesuchia Benton, 1999
                                                                                       Avemetatarsalia Benton, 1999
                                                                                         Ornithodira Gauthier, 1986
                                                                                           Dinosauromorpha Benton, 1985
                                                                                             Dinosauriformes Novas, 1992
                                                                                               Dinosauria Owen, 1842b
                                                                                                 Saurischia Seeley, 1887a
                                                                                                   Eusaurischia Padian et al., 1999
                                                                                                     Theropoda Marsh, 1881a
                                                                                                       Tetanurae Gauthier, 1986
                                                                                                         Avetheropoda Paul, 1988
                                                                                                           Coelurosauria von Huene, 1914a
                                                                                                             Tyrannoraptora
                                                                                                               Maniraptoriformes T. Holtz, 1996a
                                                                                                                 Maniraptora Gauthier, 1986
                                                                                                                   Paraves Sereno, 1997
                                                                                                                     Avialae Gauthier, 1986
                                                                                                                       Subclass Aves Linnaeus, 1758
                                                                                                                         Pygostylia
                                                                                                                           Ornithothoraces Chiappe, 1995
                                                                                                                             Ornithuromorpha Chiappe, 2002
                                                                                                                               Ornithurae Haeckel, 1866
                                                                                                                                 Carinatae Merrem, 1813
                                                                                                                                   [crown] Neornithes - living birds
                                                                                                                                     Cohort Neognathae Pycraft, 1900
                                                                                                                                       Subcohort Neoaves Sibley et al., 1988
                                                                                                                                         Division Terrestrornithes B.C. Livezey & R.L. Zusi, 2007
                                                                                                                                           Subdivision Telmatorae Lowe, 1931 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                             Superorder Charadriimorphae Huxley, 1867
                                                                                                                                               Order Charadriiformes Huxley, 1867 - shorebirds, gulls, auks
                                                                                                                                                 Suborder Lari Sharpe, 1891 - gulls and allies
                                                                                                                                                   Infraorder Larides Sharpe, 1891
                                                                                                                                                     Superfamily Laroidea Vigors, 1825
                                                                                                                                                       Family Laridae Vigors, 1825 - gulls, terns and skimmers
                                                                                                                                                         Subfamily Sterninae Bonaparte, 1838 - terns
                                                                                                                                                           Genus Sterna Linnaeus, 1758
                                                                                                                                                             01 Sterna nilotica Gmelin, 1789 - gull-billed tern
                                                                                                                                                             02 Sterna caspia Pallas, 1770 - Caspian tern
                                                                                                                                                             03 Sterna elegans Gambel, 1849 - elegant tern
                                                                                                                                                             04 Sterna bengalensis Lesson, 1831 - lesser crested-tern
                                                                                                                                                             05 Sterna sandvicensis Latham, 1787 - sandwich tern
                                                                                                                                                             06 Sterna bernsteini Schlegel, 1863 - Chinese crested-tern
                                                                                                                                                             07 Sterna maxima Boddaert, 1783 - royal tern
                                                                                                                                                             08 Sterna bergii Lichtenstein, 1823 - great crested-tern
                                                                                                                                                             09 Sterna aurantia Gray, 1831 - river tern
                                                                                                                                                             10 Sterna dougallii Montagu, 1813 - roseate tern
                                                                                                                                                             11 Sterna striata Gmelin, 1789 - white-fronted tern
                                                                                                                                                             12 Sterna sumatrana Raffles, 1822 - black-naped tern
                                                                                                                                                             13 Sterna hirundinacea Lesson, 1831 - South American tern
                                                                                                                                                             14 Sterna hirundo Linnaeus, 1758 - common tern
                                                                                                                                                             15 Sterna repressa Hartert, 1916 - white-cheeked tern
                                                                                                                                                             16 Sterna paradisaea Pontoppidan, 1763 - Arctic tern
                                                                                                                                                             17 Sterna vittata Gmelin, 1789 - Antarctic tern
                                                                                                                                                             18 Sterna virgata Cabanis, 1875 - Kerguelen tern
                                                                                                                                                             19 Sterna forsteri Nuttall, 1834 - Forster's tern
                                                                                                                                                             20 Sterna trudeaui Audubon, 1838 - snowy-crowned tern
                                                                                                                                                             21 Sterna albifrons Pallas, 1764 - little tern
                                                                                                                                                             22 Sterna saundersi Hume, 1877 - Saunders's tern
                                                                                                                                                             23 Sterna antillarum (Lesson, 1847) - least tern
                                                                                                                                                             24 Sterna superciliaris Vieillot, 1819 - yellow-billed tern
                                                                                                                                                             25 Sterna lorata Philippi & Landbeck, 1861 - Peruvian tern
                                                                                                                                                             26 Sterna nereis (Gould, 1843) - fairy tern
                                                                                                                                                             27 Sterna balaenarum (Strickland, 1852) - Damara tern
                                                                                                                                                             28 Sterna acuticauda Gray, 1831 - black-bellied tern
                                                                                                                                                             29 Sterna aleutica Baird, 1869 - Aleutian tern
                                                                                                                                                             30 Sterna lunata Peale, 1848 - grey-backed tern
                                                                                                                                                             31 Sterna anaethetus Scopoli, 1786 - bridled tern
                                                                                                                                                             32 Sterna fuscata Linnaeus, 1766 - sooty tern
                                                                                                                                                             33 Sterna albostriata (G.R. Gray, 1845)

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Last updated: 2 Apr 2018