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Taxon: Genus Testudo Linnaeus, 1758 (reptile)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
Status: extant
   actualia - actual entities
  Status: extant
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
    Status: extant
       naturalia - natural bodies
      Status: extant
         Biota Wagner 2004 [Wiemann, de Queiroz, Rowe, Planavsky, Anderson, Gogarten, Turner & Gauthier 2020]
        Status: extant
           "neomura" Cavalier-Smith 1987
          Period: Cryogenian - Present (850 Ma - present); Status: extant
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
            Distribution: cosmopolitan (marine, brackish, freshwater & terrestrial); Status: extant
               neokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 1993 - mitochondrial eukaryotes
              Status: extant
                 neozoa Cavalier-Smith 1993
                Status: extant
                   scotokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 2000
                  Status: extant
                     podiates Cavalier-Smith 2012 [nom. cl. nov.]
                    Status: extant
                       Amorphea Adl et al. 2012 [nom. cl. nov.]
                      Status: extant
                         Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith 1987
                        Status: extant
                           Superkingdom Holozoa Lang, O'Kelly, Nerad, Gray & Burger, 2002
                          Status: extant
                             filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith 2008
                            Status: extant
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                              Distribution: cosmopolitan (marine, brackish, freshwater & terrestrial); Status: extant
                                 Planulozoa Wallberg, Thollesson, Farris & Jondelius 2004 [nom. cl. nov.]
                                Status: extant
                                   Subkingdom Bilateria Hatschek, 1888 - bilaterians
                                  Distribution: cosmopolitan (marine, brackish, freshwater & terrestrial); Status: extant
                                     Nephrozoa Jondelius, Ruiz-Trillo, Baguñà & Riutort 2002 [nom. cl. nov.]
                                    Status: extant
                                       Infrakingdom Deuterostomia Grobben, 1908
                                      Status: extant
                                         Phylum Chordata Bateson, 1885 - chordates
                                        Distribution: cosmopolitan (marine, brackish, freshwater & terrestrial); Status: extant
                                           Subphylum Vertebrata Cuvier, 1812 - vertebrates
                                          Distribution: cosmopolitan (marine, brackish, freshwater & terrestrial); Status: extant
                                             [crown] Myopterygii - myopterygians
                                            Status: extant
                                               Superclass Gnathostomata Zittel, 1879 - jawed vertebrates
                                              Status: extant
                                                 Grade Teleostomi Bonaparte, 1836
                                                Status: extant
                                                   Euteleostomi - bony vertebrates
                                                  Status: extant
                                                     Sarcopterygii Romer, 1955
                                                    Status: extant
                                                       Rhipidistia Cope, 1887
                                                      Status: extant
                                                         Tetrapodomorpha Ahlberg, 1991
                                                        Status: extant
                                                           Osteolepidimorpha
                                                          Status: extant
                                                             Tetrapoda Goodrich, 1930
                                                            Distribution: Palearctic/Europe (marine); Status: extant
                                                               Reptiliomorpha Säve-Söderbergh, 1934
                                                              Status: extant
                                                                 Batrachosauria
                                                                Status: extant
                                                                   Amniota Haeckel, 1866 - amniotes
                                                                  Status: extant
                                                                     Class Reptilia Linnaeus, 1758 - reptiles
                                                                    Status: extant
                                                                       Eureptilia Olson, 1947
                                                                      Status: extant
                                                                         Romeriida Gauthier, Kluge & Rowe, 1988
                                                                        Status: extant
                                                                           Diapsida Osborn 1903 [Laurin 1991]
                                                                          Status: extant
                                                                             Neodiapsida Benton 1985 [Laurin 1991] {Reisz, Modesto & Scott 2011}
                                                                            Status: extant
                                                                               [crown] Sauria McCartney 1802 [Gauthier, Kluge & Rowe 1988]
                                                                              Status: extant
                                                                                 Subclass Testudinata Oppel, 1811 [monotypic] - testudinates
                                                                                Status: extant
                                                                                   [crown] Order Testudines Wagler, 1830 - turtles
                                                                                  Distribution: Atlantic Ocean (marine); Status: extant
                                                                                     Suborder Cryptodira Cope, 1868
                                                                                    Distribution: Palearctic/Mediterranean; Status: extant
                                                                                       Superfamily Testudinoidea Batsch, 1788
                                                                                      Status: extant
                                                                                         Family Testudinidae Batsch, 1788 - tortoises
                                                                                        Distribution: Africa, Europe, Asia, North, Middle & South America; Status: extant
                                                                                           Genus Testudo Linnaeus, 1758
                                                                                          Distribution: Europe & Asia; Status: extant
                                                                                             1.1 Testudo graeca Linnaeus, 1758 - spur-thighed tortoise
                                                                                            Distribution: Palearctic/Middle East; Status: vulnerable (VU)
                                                                                             1.2 Testudo kleinmanni Lortet, 1883 - Egyptian tortoise
                                                                                            Distribution: Palearctic/Middle East; Status: critically endangered (CR)
                                                                                             1.3 Testudo marginata Schoepff, 1793 - marginated tortoise
                                                                                            Distribution: Palearctic/southern Europe; Status: least concern (LC)
                                                                                             2 Testudo hermanni Gmelin, 1789 - Hermann's tortoise
                                                                                            Distribution: Palearctic/western Europe; Status: near threatened (NT)
                                                                                             3 Testudo horsfieldii Gray, 1844 - Central Asian tortoise
                                                                                            Distribution: southern Asia; Status: vulnerable (VU)

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Last updated: 28 Feb 2021