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Taxon: Family Emberizidae Vigors, 1825 - buntings, American sparrows and allies (bird)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
   actualia - actual entities
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
       naturalia - natural bodies
         Biota
           "neomura"
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
               "neokaryotes" - mitochondrial eukaryotes
                 "neozoa"
                   "scotokaryotes" Cavalier-Smith, 1999
                     "podiates" Cavalier-Smith, 2013
                       Amorphea Adl et al., 2012
                         Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith, 1987
                           Holozoa Lang, O'Kelly, Nerad, Gray & Burger, 2002
                             filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith, 2008
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                                 Planulozoa Wallberg, Thollesson, Farris & Jondelius 2004 [nom. cl. nov.]
                                   Subkingdom Bilateria Hatschek, 1888 - bilaterians
                                     Nephrozoa Jondelius, Ruiz-Trillo, Baguñà & Riutort 2002 [nom. cl. nov.]
                                       Infrakingdom Deuterostomia Grobben, 1908
                                         Phylum Chordata Bateson, 1885 - chordates
                                           Subphylum Vertebrata Cuvier, 1812 - vertebrates
                                             [crown] Myopterygii - myopterygians
                                               Superclass Gnathostomata Zittel, 1879 - jawed vertebrates
                                                 Grade Teleostomi Bonaparte, 1836
                                                   Euteleostomi - bony vertebrates
                                                     Sarcopterygii Romer, 1955
                                                       Rhipidistia Cope, 1887
                                                         Tetrapodomorpha Ahlberg, 1991
                                                           Osteolepidimorpha
                                                             Tetrapoda Goodrich, 1930
                                                               Reptiliomorpha Säve-Söderbergh, 1934
                                                                 Batrachosauria
                                                                   Amniota Haeckel, 1866 - amniotes
                                                                     Class Reptilia Linnaeus, 1758 - reptiles
                                                                       Eureptilia Olson, 1947
                                                                         Romeriida Gauthier, Kluge & Rowe, 1988
                                                                           Diapsida Osborn 1903 [Laurin 1991]
                                                                             Neodiapsida Benton 1985 [Laurin 1991] {Reisz, Modesto & Scott 2011}
                                                                               [crown] Sauria McCartney 1802 [Gauthier, Kluge & Rowe 1988]
                                                                                 Archosauromorpha Huene 1946 [Gauthier, Kluge & Rowe 1988] {Laurin 1991}
                                                                                   Archosauria Cope 1869 [Gauthier & Padian 1985]
                                                                                     Avesuchia Benton, 1999
                                                                                       Avemetatarsalia Benton 1999
                                                                                         Ornithodira Gauthier 1986
                                                                                           Dinosauromorpha Benton 1985
                                                                                             Dinosauriformes Novas 1992
                                                                                               Dinosauria Owen 1841
                                                                                                 Saurischia Seeley 1887 [Gauthier 1986]
                                                                                                   Theropoda Marsh 1881 [Gauthier 1986]
                                                                                                     Neotheropoda Bakker 1986 [Sereno 1998]
                                                                                                       Averostra Paul 2002 [Paul 2002]
                                                                                                         Tetanurae Gauthier 1986 [Gauthier 1986]
                                                                                                           Orionides Carrano, Benson & Sampson 2012 [Carrano et al. 2012]
                                                                                                             Avetheropoda Paul 1988 [Padian et al. 1999]
                                                                                                               Coelurosauria Huene 1914 [Gauthier 1986]
                                                                                                                 Tyrannoraptora Sereno 1999 [Sereno 1999]
                                                                                                                   Maniraptoriformes Holtz 1995 [Holtz 1996]
                                                                                                                     Maniraptora Gauthier 1986 [Gauthier 1986]
                                                                                                                       Pennaraptora Foth et al. 2014 [Foth et al. 2014]
                                                                                                                         Paraves Sereno 1997 [Sereno 1998]
                                                                                                                           Avialae Gauthier 1986 [Gauthier 1986]
                                                                                                                             Subclass Aves Linnaeus, 1758
                                                                                                                               Pygostylia Chatterjee 1997 [Chiappe 2001]
                                                                                                                                 Ornithothoraces Chiappe 1995 [Chiappe 1995]
                                                                                                                                   Ornithuromorpha Chiappe 2001 [Chiappe 2001]
                                                                                                                                     Ornithurae Haeckel 1866 [Gauthier 1986] {Chiappe 1991}
                                                                                                                                       Carinatae Merrem 1813 [Gauthier & de Queiroz 2001]
                                                                                                                                         [crown] Neornithes - living birds
                                                                                                                                           Cohort Neognathae Pycraft, 1900
                                                                                                                                             Subcohort Neoaves Sibley et al., 1988
                                                                                                                                               Division Terrestrornithes B.C. Livezey & R.L. Zusi, 2007
                                                                                                                                                 Subdivision Dendrornithes Verheyen, 1961
                                                                                                                                                   Section Anomalogonates Garrod, 1874
                                                                                                                                                     Subsection Pico-clamatores B.C. Livezey & R.L. Zusi, 2007
                                                                                                                                                       Superorder Passerimorphae Sibley et al., 1988
                                                                                                                                                         Order Passeriformes Linnaeus, 1758
                                                                                                                                                           Suborder Passeres (C. Linnaeus, 1758) C. Linnaeus, 1766
                                                                                                                                                             Parvorder Passerida (C. Linnaeus, 1758) Sibley et al., 1988
                                                                                                                                                               Superfamily Passeroidea
                                                                                                                                                                 Family Emberizidae Vigors, 1825 - buntings, American sparrows and allies
                                                                                                                                                                   1.01 Genus Melophus Swainson, 1837 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   1.02 Genus Latoucheornis Bangs, 1931 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   1.03 Genus Emberiza Linnaeus, 1758
                                                                                                                                                                   1.04 Genus Calcarius Bechstein, 1802
                                                                                                                                                                   1.05 Genus Plectrophenax Stejneger, 1882
                                                                                                                                                                   1.06 Genus Calamospiza Bonaparte, 1838 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   1.07 Genus Passerella Swainson, 1837
                                                                                                                                                                   1.08 Genus Melospiza S.F. Baird, 1858
                                                                                                                                                                   1.09 Genus Zonotrichia Swainson, 1832
                                                                                                                                                                   1.10 Genus Junco Wagler, 1831
                                                                                                                                                                   1.11.1 Genus Passerculus Bonaparte, 1838
                                                                                                                                                                   1.11.2 Genus Ammodramus Swainson, 1827
                                                                                                                                                                   1.12 Genus Xenospiza Bangs, 1931 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   1.13 Genus Myospiza Ridgway, 1898
                                                                                                                                                                   1.14 Genus Spizella Bonaparte, 1831
                                                                                                                                                                   1.15 Genus Pooecetes S.F. Baird, 1858
                                                                                                                                                                   1.16 Genus Chondestes Swainson, 1827
                                                                                                                                                                   1.17 Genus Amphispiza Coues, 1874[1875]
                                                                                                                                                                   1.18 Genus Aimophila Swainson, 1837
                                                                                                                                                                   1.19 Genus Torreornis Barbour & Peters, 1927 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   1.20 Genus Oriturus Bonaparte, 1850 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   2 Genus Porphyrospiza Sclater & Salvin, 1873 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.01 Genus Phrygilus Cabanis, 1844
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.02 Genus Melanodera Bonaparte, 1850
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.03 Genus Haplospiza Cabanis, 1851
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.04 Genus Acanthidops Ridgway, 1882 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.05 Genus Lophospingus Cabanis, 1878
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.06 Genus Donacospiza Cabanis, in Cabanis & Heine, 1850-1851[1851] [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.07 Genus Rowettia P.R. Lowe, 1923 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.08 Genus Nesospiza Cabanis, 1873
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.09 Genus Diuca Reichenbach, 1850
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.10 Genus Idiopsar Cassin, 1866 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.11 Genus Piezorhina Lafresnaye, 1843 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.12 Genus Xenospingus Cabanis, 1867 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.13 Genus Incaspiza Ridgway, 1898
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.14 Genus Poospiza Cabanis, 1847
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.15 Genus Sicalis Boie, 1828
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.16 Genus Emberizoides Temminck, 1822
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.17 Genus Embernagra Lesson, 1831
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.18 Genus Volatinia Reichenbach, 1850 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.19 Genus Sporophila Cabanis, 1844
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.20 Genus Oryzoborus Cabanis, 1851
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.21 Genus Amaurospiza Cabanis, 1861
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.22 Genus Melopyrrha Bonaparte, 1853, nom. nud. [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.23 Genus Dolospingus Elliot, 1871 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.24 Genus Catamenia Bonaparte, 1850
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.25 Genus Tiaris Swainson, 1827
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.26 Genus Loxipasser H. Bryant, 1866 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   3.1.27 Genus Loxigilla Lesson, 1831
                                                                                                                                                                   3.2 Genus Euneornis Fitzinger, 1856 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   3.3.1 Genus Melanospiza Ridgway, 1897 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   3.3.2 Genus Geospiza Gould, 1837
                                                                                                                                                                   3.3.3 Genus Camarhynchus Gould, 1837
                                                                                                                                                                   3.3.4 Genus Certhidea Gould, 1837 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   3.3.5 Genus Pinaroloxias Sharpe, 1885 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   4.1 Genus Pipilo Vieillot, 1816
                                                                                                                                                                   4.2 Genus Melozone Reichenbach, 1850
                                                                                                                                                                   4.3 Genus Arremonops Ridgway, 1896
                                                                                                                                                                   4.4 Genus Arremon Vieillot, 1816
                                                                                                                                                                   4.5 Genus Buarremon Bonaparte, 1850
                                                                                                                                                                   5 Genus Oreothraupis P.L. Sclater, 1856 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   6.1 Genus Pezopetes Cabanis, 1861 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   6.2 Genus Lysurus Ridgway, 1898
                                                                                                                                                                   6.3 Genus Atlapetes Wagler, 1831
                                                                                                                                                                   6.4 Genus Pselliophorus Ridgway, 1898
                                                                                                                                                                   7 Genus Urothraupis Taczanowski & Berlepsch, 1885 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   8.1 Genus Charitospiza Oberholser, 1905 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   8.2 Genus Saltatricula Burmeister, 1861 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   8.3 Genus Coryphaspiza G.R. Gray, 1840 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   8.4 Genus Coryphospingus Cabanis, in Cabanis & Heine, 1850-1851[1851]
                                                                                                                                                                   8.5 Genus Rhodospingus Sharpe, 1888 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   9.1 Genus Gubernatrix Lesson, 1837 [monotypic]
                                                                                                                                                                   9.2 Genus Paroaria Bonaparte, 1832

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Last updated: 15 Jul 2019