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Paraphyletic taxon: Subkingdom Biliphyta Caval.-Sm. (1981) - red algae and glaucophytes (alga)
 Entity: 

Concise hierarchy

(Kingdom) Plantae

Current position

Plantae (Kingdom) Haeckel (1866) Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 27).

Original position

Plantae (Kingdom) Haeckel (1866) Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1981: table 11 (p. 477)

Subsequent entries

Glaucophyta (Infrakingdom) Caval.-Sm. (1998)
Rhodophyta (Infrakingdom) Caval.-Sm. (1998)

Historical positions

Plantae (Kingdom) Haeckel (1866) Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 27).
Plantae (Kingdom) Haeckel (1866) Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2004: 1252.
Plantae (Kingdom) Haeckel (1866) Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998: table 1 (p. 209), table 6 (p. 250).
Neozoa (Subkingdom) Cavalier-Smith, 1993 Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998: fig. 1. [excluded] [implicit]
Plantae (Kingdom) Haeckel (1866) Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1993: table 1 (p. 955).
Plantae (Kingdom) Haeckel (1866) Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1981: table 11 (p. 477). [alternative rank]

Phylogeny

Questionably Paraphyletic/Ancestral (para) Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998: 250.

Number of Subtaxa

1989-present Systema Naturae 2000 []
2015 M.A. Ruggiero et al.: table 2 (p. 28) [2p]
2004 T. Cavalier-Smith: 1252 [2p]
2004 T. Cavalier-Smith: 1252 [2p]
1998 T. Cavalier-Smith [2p]
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Last updated: 20 Dec 2019