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Taxon: Kingdom Plantae Haeckel (1866) - plants (plant)
 Entity: 

Current position

Corticata (Superkingdom) Lankester, 1878 Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357. [new position]

Alternative positions

Biota ([unranked]) Ref: L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz, 1982: 249.
corticates ([unranked]) Cavalier-Smith, 2003 Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 144.
Eukarya (Superkingdom) Ref: R.S.K. Barnes, 2002: 127.
Eukaryota (Empire) Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2004: 1252.
Eukaryota (Domain) Chatton, 1925 Ref: P.M. Kirk et al., 2001: 403.
Eukaryota (Domain) Chatton, 1925
Eukaryota (Superkingdom) Whittaker & Margulis, 1978 Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 27).
Eukaryotae (Superkingdom) Ref: A. Cronquist, 1982: 57.
Metakaryota (Superkingdom) Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1993: table 1 (p. 955).
neokaryotes ([unranked]) Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998: 231. [alternative position] [implicit]
photokaryotes ([unranked]) Cavalier-Smith, 1999 Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2002b: 297.

Subsequent entries

Biliphyta (Subkingdom) Caval.-Sm. (1981) Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1981: table 11 (p. 477)
Viridiplantae (Subkingdom) Caval.-Sm. (1981) Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1981: table 11 (p. 477)

Historical positions

Corticata (Superkingdom) Lankester, 1878 Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357. [new position]
Eukaryota (Superkingdom) Whittaker & Margulis, 1978 Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 27).
eukaryotes ([unranked]) Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 117, 144, fig. 2.
corticates ([unranked]) Cavalier-Smith, 2003 Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: 144, fig. 2. [alternative position]
corticates ([unranked]) Cavalier-Smith, 2003 Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2010a: 342, fig. 1.
Eukaryota (Superkingdom) Whittaker & Margulis, 1978 Ref: P.A. Broady, 2012: 326; 21.
Eukaryota (Empire) Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2004: 1252.
Eukarya (Superkingdom) Ref: R.S.K. Barnes, 2002: 127.
photokaryotes ([unranked]) Cavalier-Smith, 1999 Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2002b: 297, 300.
Eukaryota (Domain) Chatton, 1925 Ref: P.M. Kirk et al., 2001: 403.
Biota ([unranked]) Ref: M. Guiry, 2001: 38.
Eukaryota (Empire) Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998: table 1 (p. 209); table 6 (p. 250).
Eukarya (Superkingdom) Ref: L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz, 1998: 16, 369-381.
neokaryotes ([unranked]) Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998: 231. [alternative position] [implicit]
Metakaryota (Superkingdom) Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1993: table 1 (p. 955).
Biota ([unranked]) Ref: D. Edwards, 1993: [775].
Biota ([unranked]) Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990: 2.
Biota ([unranked]) Ref: R.S. Boardman et al., 1987 [unofficial]
Biota ([unranked]) Ref: R.C. van Caenegem et al., 1979-1984
Biota ([unranked]) Ref: L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz, 1982: 249.
Eukaryotae (Superkingdom) Ref: A. Cronquist, 1982: 57.
Eukaryota (Superkingdom) Whittaker & Margulis, 1978 Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1981: table 11 (p. 477). [alternative name]
Biota ([unranked]) Ref: L.J. Audus & V. Heywood, 1981: 10.
Biota ([unranked]) Ref: T.I. Storer et al., 1979: 306. [out of scope (coherent)]
Biota ([unranked]) Ref: R.H. Whittaker, 1969
Biota ([unranked]) Ref: W. Schoenichen, 1925
Biota ([unranked]) Ref: R. Wettstein, 1924: [60].
Biota ([unranked]) Ref: E. Haeckel, 1891: 249.
Biota ([unranked]) Ref: E. Haeckel, 1890: 18.
Biota ([unranked]) Ref: E. Haeckel, 1889: 421.
Biota ([unranked]) Ref: E. Haeckel, 1866: pl. I; pp. XIX, XXXI.

Phylogeny

Questionably Holophyletic Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998: 206; 213.

Ancestor

Corticata (Subkingdom) Lankester, 1878 Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2002b: 300
Protozoa (Kingdom) Goldfuss, 1818 Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013: fig. 2

Number of Subtaxa

2019 Available in Systema Naturae 2000 7p;31c;169o;840f;16,455g;12,146s;445ss;911v;1; ‡1g;4s; †4c;16o;46f;79g;48s
1989-present Systema Naturae 2000: 19 Sep 2015 [7p]
2015 M.A. Ruggiero et al.: table 2 (p. 34) [8p]
2004 T. Cavalier-Smith: 1252 [2sk;5p]
2000 7022s
1998 L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz 12p500,000s
1998 T. Cavalier-Smith [2sk];5p
1993 T. Cavalier-Smith: 955 [2sk]
1982 A. Cronquist [13p;42c]
1982 L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz 9p500,000s
1957 R.S. Breed et al.: 11 [5p]
1898 A. Engler: XI [4p;32c; †3c]
1866 6p
©2004-2019 Universal Taxonomic Services
Last updated: 15 Jul 2019