The Taxonomicon
Home
Site map | Contact
Under construction
Taxon: Phylum Arthropoda von Siebold, 1848 - arthropods (arthropod)
 Entity: 

Concise hierarchy

(Kingdom) Animalia

Current position

Panarthropoda ([unranked]) Nielsen, 1995 Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 152.

Alternative positions

Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Z.-Q. Zhang, 2011: 10.
Articulata (Superphylum) Cuvier Ref: I. Eibl-Eibesfeldt et al., 1975 (1971): 608.
Coelomates (Grade) Hyman, 1951 Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990: 48.
Ecdysozoa (Clade) Aguinaldo, Turbeville, Linford, Rivera, Garey, Raff & Lake 1997 [nom. cl. nov.] Ref: S.T. Ahyong & D.P. Gordon, 2010: 40.
Ecdysozoa (Superphylum) Aguinaldo, Turbeville, Linford, Rivera, Garey, Raff & Lake, 1997 Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 36).
ecdysozoans ([unranked]) Ref: J. Bergström & X.-G. Hou, 2003: fig. 10. [inferred rank]
Eucoelomata (Section) Ref: T.I. Storer et al., 1979: 323.
Eumetazoa (Subkingdom) Butschli, 1910 Ref: H.W. Levi, 1982: 71.
Haemopoda (Superphylum) T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998 Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998: 236. [new position]
Metazoa (Subkingdom) Haeckel, 1874 Ref: R.C. van Caenegem et al., 1980: 307.
Metazoa (Kingdom) Haeckel, 1874
Panarthropoda (Superphylum) Nielsen, 1995 Ref: E.E. Ruppert et al., 2004: 517.
Protostoma (Series) Ref: L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz, 1982: 224.
Tritocerebra ([unranked]) Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: table 3.1.

Subsequent positions

Haemopoda (Superphylum) T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998 Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998: 236 [assumed]

Original entries

Trilobitomorpha (Subphylum) Størmer, 1944

Historical positions

Ecdysozoa (Superphylum) Aguinaldo, Turbeville, Linford, Rivera, Garey, Raff & Lake, 1997 Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015: table 2 (p. 36).
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Z.-Q. Zhang, 2011: 10; 99.
Panarthropoda ([unranked]) Nielsen, 1995 Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 158; 152.
Ecdysozoa (Clade) Aguinaldo, Turbeville, Linford, Rivera, Garey, Raff & Lake 1997 [nom. cl. nov.] Ref: S.T. Ahyong & D.P. Gordon, 2010: 40-44; 17.
Bilateria ([unranked]) Hatschek, 1888 Ref: P. Vickers-Rich et al., 2007: 261. [indirect]
Tritocerebra ([unranked]) Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: tables 3.1, 3.2.
Panarthropoda (Superphylum) Nielsen, 1995 Ref: E.E. Ruppert et al., 2004: 517-542, fig. 16.15.
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: X.-G. Hou et al., 2004: 215. [implicit]
Biota ([unranked]) Ref: J.A. Coddington et al., 2004: fig. 18.1.
ecdysozoans ([unranked]) Ref: J. Bergström & X.-G. Hou, 2003: fig. 10; fig. 11.
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 168.
Panarthropoda ([unranked]) Nielsen, 1995 Ref: K.J. Peterson & D.J. Eernisse, 2001: 172, [176]; 202-203.
Panarthropoda ([unranked]) Nielsen, 1995 Ref: C. Nielsen, 2001: 206-225, fig. 1.2.
Ecdysozoa (Clade) Aguinaldo, Turbeville, Linford, Rivera, Garey, Raff & Lake 1997 [nom. cl. nov.] Ref: G. Giribet et al., 2000: 551, tab. 2, fig. 4; 544, tab. 1.
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Anonymous, 1998
Haemopoda (Superphylum) T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998 Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998: table 4 (p. 236). [new position]
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Anonymous, 1995
Panarthropoda ([unranked]) Nielsen, 1995 Ref: C. Nielsen, 1995
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: M. Romano et al., 1993: [279]. [inferred rank]
Metazoa ([unranked]) Haeckel, 1874 Ref: S. Bengtson, 1992: table 23.5 (p. 1022).
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990: 461-491.
Coelomates (Grade) Hyman, 1951 Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990: 48. [alternative position]
Protostomia ([unranked]) Grobben, 1908 Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990: 118. [alternative position]
Animalia (Kingdom) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: R.S. Boardman et al., 1987
Metazoa (Subkingdom) Haeckel, 1874 Ref: R.C. van Caenegem et al., 1980: 307.
Eumetazoa (Subkingdom) Butschli, 1910 Ref: H.W. Levi, 1982: 71.
Protostoma (Series) Ref: L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz, 1982: 224-227.
Eucoelomata (Section) Ref: T.I. Storer et al., 1979: 519-540; 323.
Articulata (Superphylum) Cuvier Ref: I. Eibl-Eibesfeldt et al., 1975 (1971): 608.

Phylogeny

Holophyletic Ref: J.M. Mallatt et al., 2004: 188.

Number of Subtaxa

2019 Available in Systema Naturae 2000 14c;122o;2950f;56,542g;133,705s;15,125ss;148v; ‡57s;4ss; †11c;76o;348f;1422g;1169s;10ss
1989-present Systema Naturae 2000 >1,100,000s
2011 Z.-Q. Zhang: 10 1,242,040[1,235,858]s; †6182s
2011 Z.-Q. Zhang: 10 1,242,040s; †6,182s
2011 Z.-Q. Zhang: 99 1,242,040*[1,214,295]s; †27,745s
1998 T. Cavalier-Smith [2sp; †1sp]
1995 C. Nielsen >1,100,000s
1995 C. Nielsen >1,100,000s
1990 R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca ~960,000s
1987 R.S. Boardman et al. 9Sc
1982 H.W. Levi 4sp;[13c];1,000,000-2,000,000s
©2004-2019 Universal Taxonomic Services
Last updated: 15 Jul 2019