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Taxon: Order Hymenoptera Linnaeus, 1758 - ants, bees, and wasps (arthropod)
 Entity: 

Concise hierarchy

(Kingdom) Animalia - (Phylum) Arthropoda - (Class) Insecta

Current position

Hymenopterida (Superorder) Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: table 4.1.

Alternative positions

Endopterygota ([unranked]) Sharp, 1899 Ref: P. Smart, 1989 (1975): 16. [out of scope (coherent)]
Endopterygota (Division) Sharp, 1899
Endopterygota (Subdivision) Sharp, 1899 Ref: R.W. Poole et al., 1997: 17. [implicit]
Holometabola (Superorder) Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990
Holometabola (Division) Ref: T.I. Storer et al., 1979: 604.
Holometabola ([unranked]) Ref: M.F. Whiting, 2004: fig. 21.1F.
Insecta (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Z.-Q. Zhang, 2013: 22.
Masticantia ([unranked]) Ref: E.R. Lankester, 1877: 446.
Neoptera (Subclass) Martynov, 1923 Ref: R.S. Boardman et al., 1987

Original position

Insecta (Class) Linnaeus, 1758

Subsequent positions

Endopterygota (Subdivision) Sharp, 1899

Original entries

Apis (Genus) Linnaeus, 1758
Cynips (Genus) Linnaeus, 1758
Formica (Genus) Linnaeus, 1758
Ichneumon (Genus) Linnaeus, 1758
Mutella (Genus) Linnaeus, 1758, orth. inval.
Mutilla (Genus) Linnaeus, 1758
Sirex (Genus) C. Linnaeus, 1761
Sphex (Genus) Linnaeus, 1758
Tenthredo (Genus) Linnaeus, 1758
Vespa (Genus) Linnaeus, 1758

Subsequent entries

Avitomyrmex (Genus) S.B. Archibald et al., 2006 Ref: Baroni Urbani, 2008: 6. [assumed]
Macabeemyrma (Genus) S.B. Archibald et al., 2006 Ref: Baroni Urbani, 2008: 6. [assumed]
Myrmeciites (Genus) S.B. Archibald et al., 2006 Ref: Baroni Urbani, 2008: 7. [assumed]

Historical positions

Insecta (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Z.-Q. Zhang, 2013: 22.
Insecta (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Z.-Q. Zhang, 2011: 101.
Hymenopterida (Superorder) Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: table 4.1.
Holometabola ([unranked]) Ref: M.F. Whiting, 2004: fig. 21.1F.
Endopterygota (Division) Sharp, 1899 Ref: M. Chinery, 1997
Endopterygota (Subdivision) Sharp, 1899 Ref: R.W. Poole et al., 1997: 17. [implicit]
Amphiesmenoptera (Superorder) Kiriakoff, 1948 Ref: R.W. Poole & P. Gentili, 1996-1997: 17. [misplaced]
Insecta (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Anonymous, 1995
Holometabola (Superorder) Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990
Neoptera (Subclass) Martynov, 1923 Ref: R.S. Boardman et al., 1987
Holometabola (Superorder) Ref: W.L. Brown Jr., 1982: 652.
Insecta (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz, 1982: 226.
Holometabola (Division) Ref: T.I. Storer et al., 1979: 604-605.
Endopterygota ([unranked]) Sharp, 1899 Ref: P. Smart, 1989 (1975): 16. [out of scope (coherent)]
Hymenopteria (Superorder) Ref: B. Grzimek, 1973-1975
Masticantia ([unranked]) Ref: E.R. Lankester, 1877: 446.
Insecta (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: C. a Linné, 1767: 917.
Insecta (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 343, 553; 341.

Number of Subtaxa

2023 Available in Systema Naturae 2000 90f;5489g;12,792s;1772ss;1v; ‡1g; †35f;265g;667s;10ss
1989-present Systema Naturae 2000 90f;199,000s
2013 Z.-Q. Zhang: 22 155,517*[153,088]s; †2,429s
2011 Z.-Q. Zhang: 101 (incl. footnote 68) 118f;7,745g;116,861s; †89f;[>]789g
2005 M.S. Engel & D.A. Grimaldi 90f;199,000s
2000 152s
1999 J.L. Nieves-Aldrey & F.M. Fontal-Cazalla 18[19]Sf;79[80]f;199,000s
1990 R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca 2so
1982 W.L. Brown Jr. 2so;[89f];130,000?s
1767 C. a Linné [10g]
1758 C. Linnaeus [8g;229s]
©2004-2022 Universal Taxonomic Services
Last updated: 4 Aug 2022