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Taxon: Order Lepidoptera Linnaeus, 1758 - butterflies, moths (moth)
 Entity: 

Concise hierarchy

(Kingdom) Animalia - (Phylum) Arthropoda - (Class) Insecta

Current position

Amphiesmenoptera ([unranked]) Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: table 4.1.

Alternative positions

Amphiesmenoptera (Superorder) Ref: N.P. Kristensen et al., 2007: 699.
Endopterygota (Division)
Endopterygota ([unranked]) Ref: P. Smart, 1989 (1975): 16.
Holometabola (Superorder) Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990
Holometabola (Division) Ref: T.I. Storer et al., 1979: 596.
Insecta (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Z.-Q. Zhang, 2011: 101.
Neoptera (Subclass) Ref: R.S. Boardman et al., 1987
Sugentia (Grade) Ref: E.R. Lankester, 1877: 447.

Original position

Insecta (Class) Linnaeus, 1758

Subsequent positions

Amphiesmenoptera (Superorder)

Original entries

Papilio (Genus) Linnaeus, 1758
Phalaena (Genus) Linnaeus, 1758, nom. rej.
Sphinx (Genus) Linnaeus, 1758

Historical positions

Insecta (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Z.-Q. Zhang, 2011: 101; E.J. van Nieukerken: 212.
Amphiesmenoptera (Superorder) Ref: N.P. Kristensen et al., 2007: 699.
Amphiesmenoptera ([unranked]) Ref: D. Grimaldi & M.S. Engel, 2005: table 4.1.
Amphiesmenoptera ([unranked]) Ref: M.F. Whiting, 2004: fig. 21.1F.
Amphiesmenoptera (Superorder) Ref: R.W. Poole et al., 1997: 17.
Endopterygota (Division) Ref: M. Chinery, 1997
Insecta (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Anonymous, 1995
Holometabola (Superorder) Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990
Neoptera (Subclass) Ref: R.S. Boardman et al., 1987
Insecta (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz, 1982: 226.
Holometabola (Superorder) Ref: E.G. Munroe, 1982: 612-613.
Holometabola (Division) Ref: T.I. Storer et al., 1979: 596-597.
Endopterygota ([unranked]) Ref: P. Smart, 1989 (1975): 16.
Mecopteria (Superorder) Ref: B. Grzimek, 1973-1975
Sugentia (Grade) Ref: E.R. Lankester, 1877: 447.
Insecta (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: C. von Linné, 1767: 744.
Insecta (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 343, 458; 341.

Number of Subtaxa

2020 Available in Systema Naturae 2000 133f;16,516g;67,344s;10,623ss;1v; ‡21s;4ss; †4f;55g;13s
1989-present Systema Naturae 2000: 14 Mar 2013 [133f]
2011 E.J. van Nieukerken et al.: 212 4so;15,578[15,528]g;157,424[157,338]s; †50g;86s
2011 Z.-Q. Zhang: 101 157,424*[157,338]s; †86s
2007 N.P. Kristensen et al.: 746 [124f]
2000 246s; †38s
1998b J.B. Heppner: 59 [4so;124f]
1990 R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca ~120,000s
1989 O. Shields 150,000-200,000s
1982 E.G. Munroe: 613 5so;[137f]
1979 T.I. Storer et al. 118f;112,000s
1989 (1975) P. Smart ~140,000s
1767 C. von Linné [3g]
1758 C. Linnaeus [3g;542s;2v]
©2004-2020 Universal Taxonomic Services
Last updated: 29 Nov 2020