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Paraphyletic taxon: Class Osteichthyes Huxley, 1880 - bony fishes (fish)
 Entity: 

Concise hierarchy

(Kingdom) Animalia - (Phylum) Chordata

Current position

Gnathostomata (Infraphylum) auct. Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: 391.

Alternative positions

Gnathostomata (Superclass) Zittel, 1879 Ref: R.C. van Caenegem et al., 1980: 307.
Pisces (Superclass) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz, 1982: 239.
Vertebrata (Subphylum) Cuvier, 1812 Ref: A.S. Romer & T.S. Parsons, 1986: App. 1 (p. 621).

Historical positions

Pisces ([unranked]) Ref: W.N. Eschmeyer, 2004-2016: 24 Jan 2006. [invalid/synonym] [indirect]
Gnathostomata (Infraphylum) auct. Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: 391, fig. 3.12.
Chordata ([unranked]) Bateson, 1885 Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 305.
Vertebrata (Subphylum) Cuvier, 1812 Ref: 2000
Vertebrata (Subphylum) Cuvier, 1812 Ref: R.C. Brusca & G.J. Brusca, 1990 [unofficial]
Teleostomi ([unranked]) Ref: R.L. Carroll, 1988: 601; fig. 1.3.
Vertebrata (Subphylum) Cuvier, 1812 Ref: A.S. Romer & T.S. Parsons, 1986: App. 1 (p. 621).
Gnathostomata (Superclass) Zittel, 1879 Ref: R.C. van Caenegem et al., 1980: 307.
Pisces (Superclass) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz, 1982: 239.
Vertebrata (Subphylum) Cuvier, 1812 Ref: R.A. Fritzsche, 1982: 858.
Pisces (Superclass) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: T.I. Storer et al., 1979: 327, [664]-689.
Pisces (Superclass) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: B. Grzimek, 1973-1975

Phylogeny

Paraphyletic/Ancestral (para) Ref: R.L. Carroll, 1988: [16].

Number of Subtaxa

2020 Available in Systema Naturae 2000 †2o
1989-present Systema Naturae 2000 [46o;467f;4669g;28,052s;544ss;3v]
1988 R.L. Carroll: 612 [40o;399f; †23o;133f]
1982 R.A. Fritzsche: 858 2sc;[35o];420[424]f;>3850g;18,150s
1979 T.I. Storer et al. ~30,000s
1973-1975 B. Grzimek 2sc
©2004-2019 Universal Taxonomic Services
Last updated: 20 Dec 2019