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Taxon: Order Proboscidea Owen, 1859 - elephants (mammal)
 Entity: 

Concise hierarchy

(Kingdom) Animalia - (Phylum) Chordata - (Class) Mammalia

Current position

Behemota (Clade) McKenna, Bell & Shoshani 1997 Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: 400. [indirect]

Alternative positions

Afrotheria (Superorder) Stanhope, Waddell, Madsen, de Jong, Hedges, Cleven, Kao & Springer, 1998 Ref: C.J. Burgin et al., 2020: table 2 (p. 26).
Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: R.L. Carroll, 1988: 645.
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: A. Virág, 2009: 408.
Paenungulata (Superorder) Simpson, 1945 Ref: G.G. Simpson, 1945
Paenungulata (Grandorder) Simpson, 1945 Ref: M.J. Benton, 2015: 444.
Paenungulata (Clade) Simpson, 1945 Ref: H. Nishihara et al., 2006: fig. 2.
Placentalia (Infraclass) Owen, 1837 Ref: D.E. Wilson & D.M. Reeder, 2011: 57.
Proboscidea (Subclass) Owen, 1859 Ref: E.R. Lankester, 1877: 454.
Tethytheria (Mirorder) McKenna, 1975 Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: 400.
Tethytheria (Superorder) McKenna, 1975
Theria (Subclass) Parker & Haswell, 1897 Ref: J. Shoshani, 2005: 90. [implicit]

Subsequent positions

Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872

Original entries

Barytherioidea (Suborder) Simpson, 1945
Deinotherioidea (Suborder) Osborn, 1936

Historical positions

Afrotheria (Superorder) Stanhope, Waddell, Madsen, de Jong, Hedges, Cleven, Kao & Springer, 1998 Ref: C.J. Burgin et al., 2020: table 2 (p. 26).
Paenungulata (Grandorder) Simpson, 1945 Ref: M.J. Benton, 2015: 444.
Placentalia (Infraclass) Owen, 1837 Ref: D.E. Wilson & D.M. Reeder, 2011: 57.
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: A. Virág, 2009: 408.
Paenungulata (Clade) Simpson, 1945 Ref: H. Nishihara et al., 2006: 9929, fig. 2.
Tethytheria (Mirorder) McKenna, 1975 Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: 400, box 10.6.
Theria (Subclass) Parker & Haswell, 1897 Ref: J. Shoshani, 2005: 90. [implicit]
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Anonymous, 1995
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: D.E. Wilson, 1993: 367; 6.
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: G.B. Corbet & J.E. Hill, 1991: 123.
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: R.M. Nowak, 1991
Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: R.L. Carroll, 1988: 645.
Tethytheria (Mirorder) McKenna, 1975 Ref: R.L. Carroll, 1988: table A-1 (p. 629) (Novacek, 1986). [by reference]
Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: A.S. Romer & T.S. Parsons, 1986: 626.
Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: A.F. DeBlase, 1982: 1055.
Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: T.I. Storer et al., 1979
Paenungulata (Superorder) Simpson, 1945 Ref: R. Altevogt et al., 1973 (1972): 700.
Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: L.B. Halstead, 1974: 172.
Paenungulata (Superorder) Simpson, 1945 Ref: G.G. Simpson, 1945
Proboscidea (Subclass) Owen, 1859 Ref: E.R. Lankester, 1877: 454.

Number of Subtaxa

2022 Available in Systema Naturae 2000 1f;2g;2s;5ss; ‡2f;3g;1s;1ss; †9f;47g;148s;14ss
1989-present Systema Naturae 2000 [1f;2g;3s;3ss; ‡2f;3g; †9f;46g]
2020 C.J. Burgin et al.: table 2 (p. 26) [1f]
2015 M.J. Benton: 444 [1f]
2011 D.E. Wilson & D.M. Reeder: 57 1f
2005 J. Shoshani [1f;2g;3s;3ss]
2005 J. Shoshani [1f;2g;3s;3ss]
1993 D.E. Wilson [1f];2g;2s
1991 G.B. Corbet & J.E. Hill [1f;2g;2s]
1988 R.L. Carroll: 646 [1f; †7f]
1982 A.F. DeBlase 1f;2g;[2s]
©2004-2022 Universal Taxonomic Services
Last updated: 4 Aug 2022