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Taxon: Order Primates Linnaeus, 1758 - primates (mammal)
 Entity: 

Concise hierarchy

(Kingdom) Animalia - (Phylum) Chordata - (Class) Mammalia

Current position

Euarchonta (Grandorder) Waddell, Okada & Hasegawa, 1999 Ref: K.D. Rose, 2006: table 1.2 (p. 10).

Alternative positions

Archonta (Grandorder) Gregory, 1910 Ref: G.A. Feldhamer et al., 2020: table 10.1 (p. [225]).
Archonta (Superorder) Gregory, 1910 Ref: M.J. Benton, 2015: 446.
Epitheria (Cohort) McKenna, 1975 Ref: R.L. Carroll, 1988: table A-1 (p. 629) (Novacek, 1986). [by reference]
Euarchonta (Clade) Waddell, Okada & Hasegawa 1999 Ref: P.J. Waddell et al., 1999c: 135.
Euarchontoglires (Clade) Murphy, Stanyon & O'Brien 2001 Ref: H. Nishihara et al., 2006: fig. 2.
Euarchontoglires (Superorder) Murphy, Stanyon & O'Brien, 2001 Ref: C.J. Burgin et al., 2020: table 2 (p. 26).
Eutheria (Subclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: W. Fiedler et al., 1973: 618.
Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: R.L. Carroll, 1988: 632.
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: C.P. Groves, 1993: 243.
Placentalia (Infraclass) Owen, 1837 Ref: D.E. Wilson & D.M. Reeder, 2011: 57.
Plesiadapiformes (Order) Simons & Tattersall, 1972 Ref: J.J. Hooker et al., 1999: text-fig. 1A.
Primatomorpha (Superorder) Beard, 1991 Ref: J. Kingdon & C.P. Groves, 2013: 24.
Primatomorpha (Mirorder) Beard, 1991 Ref: L.L. Mai et al., 2005: App. 1 (p. 574).
Quadrupedia ([unranked]) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 20. [new taxon]
Unguiculata ([unranked]) Linnaeus, 1766 Ref: [von] Linné, C., 1766: 24. [new position]
Unguiculata (Cohort) Linnaeus, 1766 Ref: G.G. Simpson, 1945

Original position

Quadrupedia ([unranked]) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 16

Subsequent positions

Archonta (Grandorder) Gregory, 1910
Unguiculata ([unranked]) Linnaeus, 1766 Ref: [von] Linné, C., 1766: 24 [assumed]

Original entries

Arsinoea (Genus) Simons, 1992
Dermoptera (Suborder) Dobson, 1883
Hallelemur (Genus) Schwartz, Tattersall & Haubold, 1983
Homo (Genus) Linnaeus, 1758
Lemur (Genus) Linnaeus, 1758
Micromomyidae (Family) Szalay, 1974
Microsyopidae (Family) Osborn, 1892
Palaechthonidae (Family) Szalay, 1969
Picrodontidae (Family) Simpson, 1937
Picromomyidae (Family) Rose & Bown, 1996
Plesiadapidae (Family) Trouessart, 1897
Purgatoriidae (Family) Van Valen & Sloan, 1965
Simia (Genus) Linnaeus, 1758, nom. rej.
Vespertilio (Genus) Linnaeus, 1758

Subsequent entries

Euprimates (Suborder) Hoffstetter, 1978 Ref: M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997: 328

Historical positions

Euarchontoglires (Superorder) Murphy, Stanyon & O'Brien, 2001 Ref: C.J. Burgin et al., 2020: table 2 (p. 26).
Archonta (Superorder) Gregory, 1910 Ref: M.J. Benton, 2015: 446.
Euprimates (Clade) Ref: M.A. O'Leary et al., 2013: table S4 (p. 101).
Primatomorpha (Superorder) Beard, 1991 Ref: J. Kingdon & C.P. Groves, 2013: 24.
Placentalia (Infraclass) Owen, 1837 Ref: D.E. Wilson & D.M. Reeder, 2011: 57.
Euarchontoglires (Clade) Murphy, Stanyon & O'Brien 2001 Ref: H. Nishihara et al., 2006: 9929, fig. 2.
Placentalia (Cohort) Owen, 1837 Ref: K.D. Rose, 2006: table 10.2. [rough position] [implicit]
Archonta (Superorder) Gregory, 1910 Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: 403, boxes 10.6, 11.1.
Theria (Subclass) Parker & Haswell, 1897 Ref: C.P. Groves, 2005: 111. [implicit]
Plesiadapiformes (Order) Simons & Tattersall, 1972 Ref: J.J. Hooker et al., 1999: 403, text-fig. 1A.
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: J.G. Fleagle, 1998: 577. [indirect]
Archonta (Grandorder) Gregory, 1910 Ref: M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997: 323.
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Anonymous, 1995
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: C.P. Groves, 1993: 243; 5.
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: G.B. Corbet & J.E. Hill, 1991: 91.
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: R.M. Nowak, 1991
Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: R.L. Carroll, 1988: 632.
Epitheria (Cohort) McKenna, 1975 Ref: R.L. Carroll, 1988: table A-1 (p. 629) (Novacek, 1986). [by reference]
Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: A.S. Romer & T.S. Parsons, 1986
Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: A.F. DeBlase, 1982: 1030-1031.
Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz, 1982: 240.
Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: T.I. Storer et al., 1979
Eutheria (Subclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: W. Fiedler et al., 1973: 618.
Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: L.B. Halstead, 1974: 172.
Unguiculata (Cohort) Linnaeus, 1766 Ref: G.G. Simpson, 1945
Unguiculata ([unranked]) Linnaeus, 1766 Ref: C. a Linné, 1766: 24, 28. [new position]
Quadrupedia ([unranked]) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 16, 20. [new taxon]

First representative

Teilhardina asiatica Ni et al., 2004 Ref: M.A. O'Leary et al., 2013: table S2 (p. 86: "crown clade") [implicit]
Teilhardina brandti (Gingerich, 1993) Ref: M.A. O'Leary et al., 2013: table S2 (p. 86: "crown clade") [implicit]

Included, by definition, in node-based clade

Euarchonta (Clade) Waddell, Okada & Hasegawa 1999 Ref: P.J. Waddell et al., 1999a: 4
Euarchontoglires (Clade) Murphy, Stanyon & O'Brien 2001 Ref: W.J. Murphy et al., 2001b: 6

Number of Subtaxa

2023 Available in Systema Naturae 2000 16f;67g;358s;292ss; ‡3f;9g;2s;2ss; †28f;274g;237s;3ss
1989-present Systema Naturae 2000: 15 Jun 2013 [15f;71g;401s;316ss; ‡10g; †28f;270g]
2020 C.J. Burgin et al.: table 2 (p. 26) [16f; ‡3f]
2011 D.E. Wilson & D.M. Reeder: 57 2so;[15f]
2009 J.L. Franzen et al. 15f;70g;393s;319ss; ‡2f;9g; †8f;168g
2005 C.P. Groves [15f;69g;376s;317ss; ‡1s;2ss]
2000 E. Delson et al.: xxvii [13f;60g; ‡2f;10g; †14f;194g]
1998 J.G. Fleagle: 580 [14f;67g; ‡10g; †14f;173g]
1997 M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell [11f;54g; ‡2f;9g; †19f;209g]
1993 C.P. Groves [13f];60g;233s
1991 G.B. Corbet & J.E. Hill [12f;59g];~201s
1988 R.L. Carroll: 633 [12f; ‡3f; †11f]
1982 A.F. DeBlase 2so;[13f;51g]
1766 C. a Linné [4g;47s]
1758 C. Linnaeus [4g;34s;5v]
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Last updated: 4 Aug 2022