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Taxon: Order Carnivora Bowdich, 1821 - carnivores (mammal)
 Entity: 

Concise hierarchy

(Kingdom) Animalia - (Phylum) Chordata - (Class) Mammalia

Current position

Carnivoraformes (Clade) Flynn, Finarelli & Spaulding 2010 Ref: Solé et al., 2016: [1] [inferred rank]

Alternative positions

Carnaria (Subclass) Ref: E.R. Lankester, 1877: 454.
Epitheria (Cohort) McKenna, 1975 Ref: R.L. Carroll, 1988: table A-1 (p. 629) (Novacek, 1986). [by reference]
Eutheria (Subclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: R. Altevogt et al., 1973 (1972): [685].
Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: R.L. Carroll, 1988: 633.
Ferae (Grandorder) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: G.A. Feldhamer et al., 2020: table 10.1 (p. [226]).
Ferae (Superorder) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: M.J. Benton, 2015: 445.
Ferae (Clade) Linnaeus 1758 Ref: H. Nishihara et al., 2006: 9933.
Fereuungulata (Clade) Waddell, Cao, Hauf & Hasegawa 1999 Ref: H. Nishihara et al., 2006: 9929. [excluded]
Laurasiatheria (Superorder) Waddell, Okada & Hasegawa, 1999 Ref: C.J. Burgin et al., 2020: table 2 (p. 27).
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: W.C. Wozencraft, 1993: 279.
Placentalia (Infraclass) Owen, 1837 Ref: D.E. Wilson & D.M. Reeder, 2011: 59.
unnamed (Superorder) Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: 402.
Zooamata ([unranked]) Ref: H. Nishihara et al., 2006: 9929. [excluded]

Subsequent positions

Ferae (Grandorder) Linnaeus, 1758
Pegasoferae (Clade) Nishihara, Hasegawa & Okada 2006 Ref: H. Nishihara et al., 2006: 9933

Original entries

Aelurotherium (Genus) Adams, 1896
Caniformia (Suborder) Kretzoi, 1943
Elmensius (Genus) Kretzoi, 1929
Eosictis (Genus) Scott, 1945, nom. dub.
Feliformia (Suborder) Kretzoi, 1945
Kelba (Genus) Savage, 1965
Notoamphicyon (Genus) Ameghino, 1904
Vinayakia (Genus) Pilgrim, 1932
Vishnucyon (Genus) Pilgrim, 1932

Subsequent entries

Fissipeda (Suborder) Blumenbach, 1791
Pinnipeda (Suborder) Illiger, 1811

Historical positions

Laurasiatheria (Superorder) Waddell, Okada & Hasegawa, 1999 Ref: C.J. Burgin et al., 2020: table 2 (p. 27).
Ferae (Superorder) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: M.J. Benton, 2015: 445.
Carnivoraformes (Clade) Flynn, Finarelli & Spaulding 2010 Ref: F. Solé et al., 2014: 1, fig. 9.
Placentalia (Infraclass) Owen, 1837 Ref: D.E. Wilson & D.M. Reeder, 2011: 59.
Ferae (Clade) Linnaeus 1758 Ref: H. Nishihara et al., 2006: 9929, 9931, 9933, fig. 2.
Fereuungulata (Clade) Waddell, Cao, Hauf & Hasegawa 1999 Ref: H. Nishihara et al., 2006: 9929. [excluded]
Zooamata ([unranked]) Ref: H. Nishihara et al., 2006: 9929. [excluded]
Theria (Subclass) Parker & Haswell, 1897 Ref: W.C. Wozencraft, 2005: 532. [implicit]
unnamed (Superorder) Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: 402, box 10.6.
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 323.
Tetrapoda ([unranked]) Goodrich, 1930 Ref: J. van der Land, 2001: 376. [rough position]
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: 2000
Ferae (Grandorder) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell, 1997: 226.
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: Anonymous, 1995
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: W.C. Wozencraft, 1993: 279; 5.
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: G.B. Corbet & J.E. Hill, 1991: 101.
Mammalia (Class) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: R.M. Nowak, 1991
Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: R.L. Carroll, 1988: 633.
Epitheria (Cohort) McKenna, 1975 Ref: R.L. Carroll, 1988: table A-1 (p. 629) (Novacek, 1986). [by reference]
Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: A.S. Romer & T.S. Parsons, 1986
Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: A.F. DeBlase, 1982: 1039-1040.
Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: L. Margulis & K.V. Schwartz, 1982: 240.
Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: T.I. Storer et al., 1979
Eutheria (Subclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: R. Altevogt et al., 1973 (1972): [685].
Eutheria (Infraclass) Gill, 1872 Ref: L.B. Halstead, 1974: 172.
Ferae (Superorder) Linnaeus, 1758 Ref: G.G. Simpson, 1945
Carnaria (Subclass) Ref: E.R. Lankester, 1877: 454.

Included, by definition, in node-based clade

Fereuungulata (Clade) Waddell, Cao, Hauf & Hasegawa 1999 Ref: P.J. Waddell et al., 1999b: 50
Ostentoria (Clade) Springer, Murphy, Eizirik, Madsen, Scally, Douady, Teeling, Stanhope, de Jong & O'Brien 2007 Ref: M.S. Springer et al., 2007: table 5 (p. 21 note 5)
Scrotifera (Clade) Waddell, Cao, Hauf & Hasegawa 1999 Ref: P.J. Waddell et al., 1999b: 50
Variamana (Clade) Springer, Murphy, Eizirik, Madsen, Scally, Douady, Teeling, Stanhope, de Jong & O'Brien 2007 Ref: M.S. Springer et al., 2007: table 5 (p. 21 note 4)

Number of Subtaxa

2022 Available in Systema Naturae 2000 16f;128g;285s;1254ss;300v; ‡3g;4s;9ss;1v; †4f;389g;117s;11ss
1989-present Systema Naturae 2000: 11 Dec 2014 [14f;128g;285s;1254ss; ‡3g; †5f;409g]
2020 C.J. Burgin et al.: table 2 (p. 27) [16f]
2015 M.J. Benton: 445 [11f]
2011 D.E. Wilson & D.M. Reeder: 59 2so;[16f]
2005 W.C. Wozencraft: 628 [15f;125g;282s;1263ss; ‡1g;4s;5ss; †1s]
1997 M.C. McKenna & S.K. Bell [11f;112g; ‡3g; †5f;351g]
1993 W.C. Wozencraft [11f];129[128]g;271[268]s; ‡[1g;3s]
1991 G.B. Corbet & J.E. Hill [9f;92g];~235[237s]; ‡[1s]
1988 R.L. Carroll: 635 [10f; †5f]
1982 A.F. DeBlase 2so;[10f;131g]
©2004-2022 Universal Taxonomic Services
Last updated: 4 Aug 2022